20th Century Fox is an American film studio that is a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Studios, a division of The Walt Disney Company. The studio is located on its namesake studio lot in the Century City area of Los Angeles. For over 83 years, it was one of the "Big Six" major American film studios formed from the merger of the Fox Film Corporation and Twentieth Century Pictures in 1935.
Pre-Disney acquisition (1935-2019)
The company began as two separate companies, Fox Film Corporation (founded on February 1, 1915 by William Fox) and Twentieth Century Pictures (founded in 1933 by Joseph M. Schenck and Darryl F. Zanuck). The two companies merged to form 20th Century Fox on May 31, 1935. Walt Disney had contacted 20th's previous incarnation, Fox Film Corporation, back in 1928 in an attempt to strike a distribution deal to use as leverage against Winkler Pictures head Charles Mintz - Winkler had contracted Disney to animate the Oswald the Lucky Rabbit cartoons, and the two had been in a dispute over payment.
In 1985, the studio was acquired by News Corporation. The studio was succeeded by 21st Century Fox on June 28, 2013 following the spin-off of its publishing assets.
Disney acquisition (2019-present)
On December 14, 2017, The Walt Disney Company announced plans to purchase the entertainment assets of 21st Century Fox, which includes 20th Century Fox, for $52.4 billion. On May 23, 2018, it was reported that Comcast was planning to out-bid Disney with an all-cash offer for approximately $60 billion and on June 13, Comcast officially announced its $65 billion all-cash offer for Fox assets. One week later, Disney counterbid with a $71.3 billion offer. On July 19, 2018, Comcast officially announced that it was dropping its bid on the Fox assets. On July 27, 2018, Disney and Fox shareholders approved the merger between the two companies. Although the deal was completed on March 20, 2019, 20th Century Fox will not relocate to the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, but will instead continue to be headquartered on its studio lot in Century City, which is currently leased to Disney by the Fox Corporation, 21st Century Fox's successor, for seven years.
Films produced before Disney's acquisition
20th Century Fox has a gigantic library of films, but some of its biggest franchises are Avatar, The Simpsons, X-Men, Fantastic Four, Kingsman, Alien, Ice Age, Rio, Planet of the Apes, Predator, The Sound of Music, Deadpool, The X-Files, Titanic, Anastasia, FernGully, Home Alone, Die Hard, Diary of a Wimpy Kid, Alvin and the Chipmunks, Marley & Me, Dr. Dolitte, Jingle All the Way, Garfield (which the franchise has been acquired by Viacom a few months after), Tooth Fairy, and Borat.
Films distributed by Disney under their ownership
- Dark Phoenix
- The Art Of Racing In The Rain
- Ad Astra
- Ford v Ferrari
- Spies in Disguise
- The King's Man
- The New Mutants
- Fear Street
- Free Guy
- Ron's Gone Wrong
- West Side Story