An epic of miniature proportions.

A Bug's Life is a 1998 computer-animated Disney/Pixar comedy film directed by John Lasseter, with Andrew Stanton co-directing.

The film is loosely inspired by the fable "The Ant and the Grasshopper" and the classic samurai film The Seven Samurai, it is the second Pixar movie and tells the story of an outcast inventor ant named Flik (Dave Foley), who recruits a group of circus bugs he mistakes for warriors when his colony is threatened by a group of grasshoppers.


Every year, a colony of ants is expected to harvest food for a biker-gang-like bunch of greedy grasshoppers. One ant, Flik, is an inventor whose creations usually do more harm than good. While trying out a mechanical harvester, he drops his machine and on auto-pilot, it knocks the pile of food into a stream just before the grasshoppers arrive. Their leader, Hopper, gives the ants the rest of the season to make good on what they owe, but orders a double ration of food after Flik stands up to him in defense of the Queen's youngest daughter Dot, who then couldn't fly, due to her wings being too small. Flik is admonished by the colony's royal council. When Flik suggests that he try to recruit some "warrior bugs" to fight the grasshoppers, Princess Atta (Dot's older sister and the eventual successor to the Queen) allows him to do so, but only to keep him out of the way.

Reaching the insect "city" (actually a pile of garbage), Flik encounters a troupe of unemployed circus bugs whose latest performance has just ended in disaster. They are being threaten by a group of flies for not paying and even Dim the big beetle is scared by maybe the even bigger horsefly, Thud and Dim's weight knocks the barrel over, causing chaos; He mistakes them for the warriors he needs. At the same time, they believe him to be a talent scout who wants to book their act. They return to the colony, much to Atta's surprise, and are immediately greeted as heroes who can end the grasshopper threat. Atta soon becomes suspicious after overhearing a conversation where both Flik and the troupe realize their mistakes. However, after they band together to save Dot from a hungry bird, she begins to think that the troupe may be able to stop the grasshoppers after all. She also starts to find herself falling in love with Flik and the feeling is mutual.

At the grasshopper gang's hideout, Hopper's brother Molt suggests they do not go back since they have more than enough food stored and the weather will soon turn bad. Hopper reminds him and the gang that if they do not keep the ants living in fear, the ants might use their superior numbers ("a hundred to one," he estimates) to run the grasshoppers out of the colony for good. The gang sets out for the island to collect their due. When Flik discovers that Hopper is afraid of birds (due to him almost getting eaten by one years ago), he proposes that the colony build a model bird to scare him away (the plan is presented by the circus bugs, so the royal council believes the "warriors" came up with the idea). The ants put their food-gathering work on hold to carry out this project. After they finish and put the bird in the island's tree, circus ringmaster P. T. Flea arrives looking for his missing performers and exposes the truth. The colony became furious that building the bird turned out to be a waste of time. Upset at Flik's deception, Atta orders him exiled from the colony, while the other ants hide the bird to pretend it never happened and rush to collect whatever food they can for Hopper. They are unable to meet the double quota he set, and when the gang arrives, Hopper takes over the anthill and forces the ants to bring him all the food on the island.

While Dot leads The Blueberries to their hidden clubhouse for safety, she overhears the gang's plans to kill the Queen once they have all the food, and after a tangle with Hopper's crazed assistant Thumper, she sprouts her wings and catches up with Flik and the troupe. She persuades them to return and put the bird plan into action, with help from her and some of the other young ants, nicknamed the Blueberries. The model frightens the gang, which almost retreats until P. T. intervenes and sets the model on fire with lighter fluid. Enraged, Hopper sends Thumper to injure Flik, but Flik is still able to stand up and rally the other ants, saying that the grasshoppers depend on the extorted food for their own survival. The entire colony swarms against the gang, forcing all except Hopper to leave. However, a thunderstorm begins, causing panic among the ants. Hopper grabs Flik and flies off, intent on killing him. Atta rescues Flik and the two lure Hopper towards the bird's nest. Hopper corners Flik and starts strangling him, revealing his intention of returning to the colony with more grasshoppers. Flik is saved when the bird appears, picks up Hopper and feeds him to her chicks.

Later, the colony adopts Flik's harvester to speed up grain collection. Atta becomes the new queen, passes the princess crown to Dot and chooses Flik as her mate. As the troupe leaves, Slim the stick insect notices that they've forgotten Heimlich the caterpillar, who emerges from the chrysalis in which he has encased himself. He pops out with a tiny pair of butterfly wings, far too small to lift him off the ground, but he's picked up by Francis the ladybug and Manny the praying mantis, and the troupe (with Molt, acting as a road crew assistant) departs with the colony's thanks. Dot joined by Queen Atta and Flik (who are shown holding hands) wave goodbye. The shot then pulls out to reveal that "Ant Island" is a small area in the forest surrounded by a little stream.


Additional voices


A Bug's Life vs. Antz

The plotline has several similarities to the DreamWorks' produced Antz, which had been released a month earlier. This was because of Jeffrey Katzenberg forming DreamWorks and previously being kicked out of Disney for feuding in the company around the time A Bug's Life was in development. As a result, DreamWorks started releasing films, which were not only released sometime after a Disney film, but also had similar concepts and settings. Since then, Disney and DreamWorks have remained bitter enemies.


The film was widely acclaimed from both critics and audiences and, was a box office success, grossing $363 million worldwide against its $120 million budget.

Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 92% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 85 reviews, with an average score of 7.9/10. The critical consensus is "Blending top notch animation with rousing adventure, witty dialogue, and memorable characters, A Bug's Life is another Pixar winner." Another review aggregator, Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 top reviews from mainstream critics, calculated a score of 77 based on 23 reviews, indicating "Generally favorable reviews."

Todd McCarthy of Variety gave the film a positive review, saying "Lasseter and Pixar broke new technical and aesthetic ground in the animation field with Toy Story, and here they surpass it in both scope and complexity of movement while telling a story that overlaps Antz in numerous ways." James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying "A Bug's Life, like Toy Story, develops protagonists we can root for, and places them in the midst of a fast-moving, energetic adventure." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying "Will A Bug's Life suffer by coming out so soon after Antz? Not any more than one thriller hurts the chances for the next one. Antz may even help business for A Bug's Life by demonstrating how many dramatic and comedic possibilities can be found in an anthill." Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times gave the film four out of five stars, saying "What A Bug's Life demonstrates is that when it comes to bugs, the most fun ones to hang out with hang exclusively with the gang at Pixar." Peter Stack of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film four out of four stars, saying "A Bug's Life is one of the great movies – a triumph of storytelling and character development, and a whole new ballgame for computer animation. Pixar Animation Studios has raised the genre to an astonishing new level". Since then, DreamWorks and Pixar have been bitter enemies.

Richard Corliss of Time gave the film a positive review, saying "The plot matures handsomely; the characters neatly converge and combust; the gags pay off with emotional resonance." Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a B, saying "A Bug's Life may be the single most amazing film I've ever seen that I couldn't fall in love with." Paul Clinton of CNN gave the film a positive review, saying "A Bug's Life is a perfect movie for the holidays. It contains a great upbeat message ... it's wonderful to look at ... it's wildly inventive ... and it's entertaining for both adults and kids." Michael Wilmington of the Chicago Tribune gave the film three and a half stars out of four, and compared the movie to "Akira Kurosawa's Seven Samurai" (with a little of another art-film legend, Federico Fellini, tossed in)." where "As in 'Samurai', the colony here is plagued every year by the arrival of bandits." On the contrary, Stephen Hunter of The Washington Post gave the film a negative review, saying "Clever as it is, the film lacks charm. One problem: too many bugs. Second, bigger world for two purposes: to feed birds and to irk humans."


International premieres

Home media

Main article: A Bug's Life (video)


  • The circus theme song was previously used on the score of James and the Giant Peach where James is about to retrieve the peach for Aunt Sponge and Aunt Spiker.
  • The read-along version contains the very rare song, "A Place You've Never Been".
  • This is the only Disney-Pixar animated feature film before Disney purchased the company that has not yet received a sequel or prequel.
  • John Lassetter repeatedly attempted to get Robert De Niro to voice Hopper, the grasshopper, but DeNiro repeatedly declined. DeNiro didn't do animated voice work at the time.
  • In the bloopers shown at the end of the film, Princess Atta is shown cracking up during her scene with Hopper, ruining take after take until Hopper goes to his trailer in frustration. This is a spoof of Julia Louis-Dreyfus being known to do the same.
  • The film is inspired by Akira Kurosawa's Seven Samurai and all of its successors, including The Magnificent Seven (which gave the villain a more prominent role than in Seven Samurai and had a similar scene in which the heroes are driven away from the people they were protecting) and Three Amigos! which was a comedic take on the story.
  • This is the second film that Denis Leary and Kevin Spacey worked on. Their first film was Touchstone's 1994 Christmas comedy The Ref. Leary played the main antagonist Gus and Spacey played Lloyd who was taken hostage by Gus.
  • This was the only Pixar film not to be broadcast on STARZ until 2016's Finding Dory, which streamed on Netflix.
  • P.T. Flea is John Ratzenberger's favorite Pixar character that he voiced.
  • This is the first Pixar film to be reframed for 4:3 televisions.
  • This is the first Pixar film to be produced in a 2.39:1 widescreen aspect ratio, unlike the company's previous film which was produced in a 1.85:1.
  • Two versions of the film have been released, each one with different fake outtakes over the end credits. The version released before December 18th, 1999 features a set, and the one released after that date has another. This was done because Disney hoped it would encourage people to view the film a second time. But in the VHS, the credits are poised away from the backgrounds shown next to them for a few seconds before the bloopers, but in the DVD, the credits are poised inside the backgrounds, and there are different lengths of bloopers switched around depending on the widescreen or fullscreen viewing, so don't expect to see the same version twice.
  • During the summer of 1994, Pixar's story department began turning their thoughts to their next film, while Toy Story (1995) was in post-production. The storyline of A Bug's Life (1998) originated in a lunchtime conversation between John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter, and Joe Ranft, the studio's head story team. Toy Story 2 (1999), Monsters, Inc. (2001), Finding Nemo (2003), and WALL·E (2008) were also conceived at this lunch. Lasseter and his story team had already been drawn to the idea of insects as characters. Insects, like toys, were within the reach of computer animation at the time due to their relatively simple surfaces. Stanton and Ranft wondered whether they could find a starting point in Aesop's fable The Ant and the Grasshopper. Walt Disney had produced his own version with a cheerier ending decades earlier in the 1934 short film The Grasshopper and the Ants (1934). In addition, Walt Disney Animation Studios had considered producing a film in the late 1980s entitled "Army Ants", that centered around a pacifist ant living in a militaristic colony, but it never fully materialized.
  • This is the first film to be transferred directly from a digital source straight to VHS and DVD.
  • This is the first Pixar film to be specifically reframed for 4:3 exhibition on VHS, DVD and televised airings.
  • In Japan, the film's image song is "STAND" by the Japanese band Hoff Dylan. It is also the first song on the Japanese version of the film's soundtrack. (link)
  • Some short clips of this film are featured in two of the Disney Villains mixes included on the bonus features in the DVD release of Mickey's House of Villains.
  • The teaser trailer was attached to the 1997 re-release of The Little Mermaid.
  • The theatrical trailer was attached to Mulan.
  • The final trailer premiered on September 18, 1998, but was not attached to any film.


  • A pair of unnamed ants, as well as Dot, follow Flik as he prepares to leave the island. After Flik gets across the valley and hits himself on a rock, one of the ants told the other "Your dad's right, he's gonna die.". However, in an earlier scene, the ant said that it was his dad who said that Flik's gonna die.
  • The drunk mosquito is clearly a male, while in real life, only female mosquitoes drink blood.
  • The ant colony is made up of both male and female worker ants. In reality, all worker ants are female but can't reproduce. And males, also known as drones, only serve to mate with the queen and die afterwards. The same is true with bees and wasps.
  • In the opening sequence where the ants are loading the food onto the leaf, they show a panoramic shot of the scene, and you can see the Queen and Princess Atta standing under the shade near the center. But in the very next shot, the ants are still hauling the food and the royal family is not there.
  • When the ants decide whether on not let Flik go to Ant City, Atta says, "He can't mess anything up.". However, her lip movement reads "Screw" when she says "Mess."
  • When Gypsy spreads her wings throughout the film, the number of yellow spots on her wings keep changing.
  • The size of the shadow of an object depends upon its distance from the light source, not the surface that falls upon. Lifting the cutout of the bird a few inches closer to the Sun as they do would make absolutely no difference to the size of its shadow, yet it quadruples in size.
  • When Tuck & Roll got Hopper's antenna, the other antenna was the only one on Hopper's head, but when zoomed out, the antenna that was pulled off is still there.
  • Approximately half of the insects in the film appear to have 4 limbs, while the other half have the correct number of 6.
  • When P.T. Flea was doing his trick with the other performers, he was stuck on a paper with glue. When he is putting his head on front, his other hair was found on the huge paper. But when the paper falls to the matches to make him filled with ash, his hairs that got stuck to the paper are gone.
  • The bird featured in the film is clearly a songbird, but her chicks seen at the end of the film that hatch just in time to eat Hopper alive are all depicted with their downy feathers and open eyes. Actual songbirds are born naked and blind.
  • Gypsy resembles a regular moth. But in real life, only male gypsy moths have fully functional wings while females have vestigial wings and can't fly unlike all the other moth species (a similar trait goes to bagworm moths, where only males have wings and females have no wings at all.
  • When Atta and the Queen were discussing relaxing, the Queen puts Aphie down. When he was down, the two male ants made a hole to escape from Dot. But when a tall blade of grass falls on Princess Atta, the hole disappeared.




External links

v - e - d
A Bug's Life logo.png
A Bug's LifeSoundtrackVideo GameClassic Storybook
Disney Parks
A Bug's LandBountiful Valley FarmDisney Animation BuildingFlik's FlyersFrancis' Ladybug BoogieGames of Pixar PierHeimlich's Chew Chew TrainIt's Tough to Be a Bug!Princess Dot Puddle ParkPixar Pal-A-RoundTuck and Roll's Drive 'Em Buggies

Entertainment: Once Upon a MouseOne Man's Dream II: The Magic Lives On!
Restaurants: Farmer's MarketSam Andreas Shakes
Shops: P.T. Flea Market
Parade: Block Party BashDisney's Party ExpressDisney on Parade: 100 Years of MagicPixar Play ParadeTokyo Disneyland Electrical Parade: DreamLights
Firework: Together Forever: A Pixar Nighttime SpectacularWorld of ColorWonderful World of Animation
Summer: Stitch and Friends Summer Surprise

FlikAttaDotThe QueenHopperMoltThumperGrasshoppersP.T. FleaCircus BugsThe BlueberriesBirdThe Fly BrothersAnt Colony
The Time of Your LifeMain TitleA Place You've Never BeenIt's Tough to Be a Bug!
Ant IslandP.T. Flea's CircusBug CityBug BarHopper's Hideout
See Also
The Science Behind PixarPixar in a BoxFake Bird

v - e - d
Walt Disney Animation Studios (Disney Animated Canon)
Disney Golden Age: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) · Pinocchio (1940) · Fantasia (1940) · Dumbo (1941) · Bambi (1942)

Disney Package Film Era: Saludos Amigos (1942) · The Three Caballeros (1944) · Make Mine Music (1946) · Fun and Fancy Free (1947) · Melody Time (1948) · The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949)
Disney Silver Age: Cinderella (1950) · Alice in Wonderland (1951) · Peter Pan (1953) · Lady and the Tramp (1955) · Sleeping Beauty (1959) · One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961) · The Sword in the Stone (1963) · The Jungle Book (1967)
Disney Bronze Age: The Aristocats (1970) · Robin Hood (1973) · The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (1977) · The Rescuers (1977)
Disney Dark Age: The Fox and the Hound (1981) · The Black Cauldron (1985) · The Great Mouse Detective (1986) · Oliver & Company (1988)
Disney Renaissance: The Little Mermaid (1989) · The Rescuers Down Under (1990) · Beauty and the Beast (1991) · Aladdin (1992) · The Lion King (1994) · Pocahontas (1995) · The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) · Hercules (1997) · Mulan (1998) · Tarzan (1999)
Disney Post-Renaissance: Fantasia 2000 (1999) · Dinosaur (2000) · The Emperor's New Groove (2000) · Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001) · Lilo & Stitch (2002) · Treasure Planet (2002) · Brother Bear (2003) · Home on the Range (2004) · Chicken Little (2005) · Meet the Robinsons (2007)
Disney Revival: Bolt (2008) · The Princess and the Frog (2009) · Tangled (2010) · Winnie the Pooh (2011) · Wreck-It Ralph (2012) · Frozen (2013) · Big Hero 6 (2014) · Zootopia (2016) · Moana (2016) · Ralph Breaks the Internet (2018) · Frozen II (2019)
Upcoming: Raya and the Last Dragon (2021) · Encanto (2021)

Toy Story (1995) · A Bug's Life (1998) · Toy Story 2 (1999) · Monsters, Inc. (2001) ·Finding Nemo (2003) · The Incredibles (2004) · Cars (2006) · Ratatouille (2007) · WALL-E (2008) · Up (2009) · Toy Story 3 (2010) · Cars 2 (2011) · Brave (2012) · Monsters University (2013) · Inside Out (2015) · The Good Dinosaur (2015) · Finding Dory (2016) . Cars 3 (2017) · Coco (2017) · Incredibles 2 (2018) · Toy Story 4 (2019) · Onward (2020)

Upcoming: Soul (2020) · Luca (2021) · Turning Red (2022) · Lightyear (2022)

Disneytoon Studios
DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp (1990) · A Goofy Movie (1995) · Doug's 1st Movie (1999) · The Tigger Movie (2000) · Recess: School's Out (2001) · Peter Pan: Return to Never Land (2002) · The Jungle Book 2 (2003) · Piglet's Big Movie (2003) · Teacher's Pet (2004) · Pooh's Heffalump Movie (2005) · Tinker Bell (2008) · Tinker Bell and the Lost Treasure (2009) · Tinker Bell and the Great Fairy Rescue (2010) · Secret of the Wings (2012) · Planes (2013) · The Pirate Fairy (2014) · Planes: Fire & Rescue (2014) · Tinker Bell and the Legend of the NeverBeast (2015)
Lucasfilm Animation Studios
Strange Magic (2015)
Live-Action Films with Non-CG Animation
The Reluctant Dragon (1941) · Victory Through Air Power (1943) · Song of the South (1946) · So Dear to My Heart (1949) ·Mary Poppins (1964) · Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) · Pete's Dragon (1977) · Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) ·James and the Giant Peach (1996) · Enchanted (2007) · Mary Poppins Returns (2018)
Animated Films Distributed by Disney
The Brave Little Toaster (1987) · The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) · Valiant (2005) · The Wild (2006) · A Christmas Carol (2009) · Mars Needs Moms (2011) · Frankenweenie (2012)
Studio Ghibli Films Distributed by Disney
Princess Mononoke (1997) · Spirited Away (2001) · Howl's Moving Castle (2004) · Tales from Earthsea (2006) · Ponyo (2008) · The Secret World of Arietty (2010) · The Wind Rises (2013)
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