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FDJune 211925

An ad for Alice Comedies from the June 21, 1925 issue of Film Daily.

Blog Alice Comedies ad
Blog The Film Daily May 1924 Winkler settles and Alice
Blog 1924 Alice ad with illus
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Alice comedies (2)

The "Alice Comedies" are a series of animated cartoons created by Walt Disney in the 1920s, in which a live action little girl named Alice and an animated cat named Julius have adventures in an animated landscape. Four actresses played Alice throughout the series starting with Virginia Davis in 1923. The other three actresses were Dawn O'Day, Margie Gay, and Lois Hardwick.

Alice's Wonderland

Disney, Ub Iwerks, and their staff made the first Alice Comedy, a one-reel (ten-minute) short subject titled Alice's Wonderland, while still heading the failing Laugh-O-Gram Studio in Kansas City, Missouri. After completing the film, the studio went bankrupt and was forced to shut down. After raising money by working as a freelance photographer, Disney bought a one-way train ticket to Los Angeles, California to live with his uncle Robert and his brother Roy. In California, Disney continued to send out proposals for the Alice series, in hopes of a distribution deal, which was finally arranged through Winkler Pictures, run by Margaret J. Winkler and her fianceé, Charles Mintz.

As for what Alice's Wonderland is about, it starts off with Alice entering a cartoon studio so she can watch cartoons being created. The cartoons come to life and play around, and Alice is amazed by what she sees. After heading to bed that night, Alice dreams that she is in the cartoon world, being welcomed by all the creations. Alice plays around with the cartoons until danger approaches: a group of lions break free from a cage and chase her. This short helped set the stage for what was to come in the later Alice Comedies, as it established the world as a playful dream, and also introduced the elements which would soon define the series.

Content

Although seen as cute and funny in their time, the Alice Comedies contain content which might be considered surprising and somewhat harsh today. Although Alice is a little girl, she spends much of her time avoiding danger, and even getting kidnapped by the cartoon villains, threatened with such perils as being tied to a log in a sawmill. Although all of Alice's threats are cartoon drawings, some might find the imagery a bit disturbing due to the character's young age, and the fact that she is a real person, or they might find it simply light-hearted and fun, due to the portrayal.

One cartoon created in 1925 was called Alice's Egg plant, which was anti-union propaganda towards the IWW. Furthermore, some illegal activities such as bootlegging are portrayed, with Alice herself in ownership of "home brew".

List episodes by release date

Alice's Wonderland (never theatrically released, but made in 1923)

1924

1925

1926

1927

Copyright details

The copyright for Alice in Slumberland was assigned to Pathe while the rest were assigned to R-C Pictures. None of them were renewed.

# Title Reg. title Reg. date Reg. #
0 Alice's Wonderland Alice in Slumberland September 29, 1926 M3592
31 Alice Charms the Fish Alice charms the fish June 28, 1926 L28845
32 Alice's Monkey Business Alice's monkey business September 18, 1926 L23198
33 Alice in the Wooly West Alice in the wooly west October 4, 1926 L23197
34 Alice the Fire Fighter Alice, the fire fighter October 18, 1926 L23310
35 Alice Cuts the Ice Alice cuts the ice November 1, 1926 L23308
36 Alice Helps the Romance Alice helps the romance November 15, 1926 L23512
37 Alice's Spanish Guitar Alice's Spanish guitar November 29, 1926 L23614
38 Alice's Brown Derby Alice's brown derby December 13, 1926 L23655
39 Alice the Lumberjack Alice the lumber jack December 27, 1926 L23616
40 Alice the Golf Bug Alice the golf bug January 10, 1927 L23592
41 Alice Foils the Pirates Alice foils the pirates January 24, 1927 L23877
42 Alice at the Carnival Alice at the carnival February 7, 1927 L23901
43 Alice at the Rodeo Alice's rodeo February 21, 1927 L23873
44 Alice the Collegiate Alice the collegiate March 7, 1927 L23881
45 Alice in the Alps Alice in the Alps March 21, 1927 L24213
46 Alice's Auto Race Alice's auto race April 4, 1927 L24363
47 Alice's Circus Daze Alice's circus daze April 18, 1927 L24214
48 Alice's Knaughty Knight Alice's knaughty knight May 2, 1927 L24419
49 Alice's Three Bad Eggs Alice's three bad eggs May 16, 1927 L24555
50 Alice's Picnic Alice's picnic May 30, 1927 L24580
51 Alice's Channel Swim Alice's channel swim June 13, 1927 L24394
52 Alice in the Klondike Alice in the Klondike June 27, 1927 L24239
53 Alice's Medicine Show Alice's medicine show July 11, 1927 L24395
54 Alice the Whaler Alice the whaler July 25, 1927 L24383
55 Alice the Beach Nut Alice the beach nut August 8, 1927 L24590
56 Alice in the Big League Alice in the big league August 22, 1927 L24553

External links

Gallery

References

  1. Motion Pictures News Booking Guide (1924)
  2. Film Daily Year Book 1925
  3. Film Daily Year Book 1926
  4. Motion Picture News (1926)
  5. Motion Picture News (1927)
  6. Motion Picture News Booking Guide (1927)
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