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Arthur Harold Babitsky, better known as Art Babbitt, was an American animator at the Disney Studio. He created and established the character of Goofy in his Analysis of the Goof, in which he explained Goofy's personality, appearance, movements and mannerisms. Babbitt also served as the lead animator of Mr. Stork, from the 1941 film, Dumbo.

Feud with Disney

Babbitt was one of the main leaders of the Disney animators' strike of 1941, during the production of Dumbo. One of the studio's higher-paid animators, Babbitt sympathized with low-ranking employees, who made as little as $12 a week. Babbitt joined the Screen Cartoonist's Guild, a trade union made up of animators from various Hollywood animation studios, demanding better working conditions and pay. Until then, Walt Disney had thought of his animation staff as family and felt personally betrayed by striking animators, particularly Babbitt. Disney fired Babbitt on May 27, 1941, which prompted 200 animators to strike the following day.

Five weeks later, the strike was resolved with the assistance of the National Labor Relations Board, who found in the Guild's favor. Disney agreed to become a union shop, and has remained so ever since. Babbitt, by now an enemy of Walt, was rehired and fired several times. Babbitt worked a final stint at Disney following his service as a Marine in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater of World War II, but he was so unhappy with his life at Disney by now that he left shortly thereafter to join United Productions of America.

Walt's nephew, Roy Edward Disney, contacted Babbitt in 1991 and the two ended the long-standing feud. Nine Old Men members Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston spoke at Babbitt's funeral in 1992. Babbitt was posthumously named a Disney Legend in 2007.

Personal life

He married three times. His first marriage, to Marjorie Belcher (the live-action reference for Snow White, who would later become Marge Champion), lasted from 1937 to 1940. His second marriage was to Annemarie Dinah Gottlieb, a Holocaust survivor, and lasted from 1949 to 1963. His third marriage, to Barbara Perry in 1967, lasted from 1967 until his death in 1992. He received over 100 awards for his achievements in animation.

Characters Animated

Film Character
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs The Evil Queen
Pinocchio Geppetto

Hop Low and Mushrooms
Zeus and Vulcan

Dumbo Mr. Stork
Fun and Fancy Free Bongo


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Disney's Nine Old Men: Milt KahlFrank ThomasOllie JohnstonLes ClarkJohn LounsberyMarc DavisWard KimballEric LarsonWolfgang Reitherman

Animators: Bill TytlaArt BabbittLee BlairPreston BlairFred MooreShamus CulhaneCy YoungDon LuskNorman FergusonHal KingJack HannahDick KinneyHal AmbroKen O'BrienJudge WhitakerBill JusticeDon BluthGary GoldmanCharles A. NicholsBlaine GibsonJohn EwingWalt StanchfieldFred HellmichAmby PaliwodaWilfred JacksonXavier AtencioBen SharpsteenEarl HurdDale OliverEric CleworthDavid HandFred SpencerJulius SvendsenEd BenedictKenneth MuseRudolf IsingHugh HarmanFriz FrelengWalt KellyLeo SalkinJohn Dehner
Visual Development, Layout, Background Artists and Character Designers: Gustaf TenggrenMary BlairMarjorie RalstonLillian BoundsJoe GrantMel ShawClaude CoatsDon DaGradiJohn HenchEyvind EarleKen O'ConnorThor PutnamAlbert HurterJohn HubleyHerbert RymanDon GriffithBasil DavidovichJack BoydPeter EllenshawRuthie TompsonEarl Duvall
Storyboard Artists and Writers: Bill PeetRalph WrightDick HuemerFloyd NormanYale GraceyTed SearsErdman PennerJoe RinaldiWinston HiblerOtto EnglanderWilliam CottrellBill BergAl BertinoT. HeeHomer BrightmanTed OsbourneLarry ClemmonsHarry ReevesJesse Marsh
Directors: Clyde GeronimiHamilton LuskeJack KinneyTed BermanRichard RichNathan GrenoGeorge ScribnerRiley ThomsonDick LundyJack KingBurt Gillett
Producers: Walt DisneyRon MillerKen AndersonDon DuckwallPerce PearceMargaret J. Winkler

Renaissance Directors: Rob MinkoffRoger AllersGary TrousdaleKirk WiseChris SandersMark DindalJohn Musker

Story Trust Directors: Ron ClementsChris BuckByron HowardDon HallChris WilliamsRich MooreStephen J. Anderson
Producers: Peter Del VechoClark SpencerRoy ConliDorothy McKimDon Hahn
Chief Creative Officer: Jennifer Lee
Associated Figures: Bob IgerRoy Edward DisneyMichael EisnerJohn LasseterEd CatmullJeffrey KatzenbergBob Chapek
Signature Voice Actors: Jim CummingsAlan TudykKatie LowesJohn DiMaggioMaurice LaMarcheJodi BensonDavid Ogden StiersJesse CortiPaul BriggsRaymond S. PersiPhil JohnstonFrank WelkerBill FarmerBrian Cummings
Signature Musicians: Robert B. Sherman Richard M. Sherman Alan Menken Kristen Anderson-Lopez Robert LopezLin-Manuel MirandaHoward AshmanTim RicePhil CollinsStephen SchwartzMarc ShaimanDanny Troob
Supervising Animators: Glen KeaneAndreas DejaAlex KupershmidtEric GoldbergMark HennJohn PomeroyRandy HaycockDale BaerT. Daniel HofstedtTony BancroftTom BancroftTony FucileAnthony DeRosaRuss EdmondsMichael SurreyBruce W.SmithDuncan MarjoribanksRuben AquinoNik RanieriRon HusbandRick FarmiloeTom SitoTony AnselmoRandy Cartwright
Visual Development & Storyboard Artists: Dean DeBloisLisa KeeneClaire KeaneBrittney LeeJin KimShiyoon KimCory Loftis