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<tabber>Disneyland=
 
{{Infobox Disney ride
 
{{Infobox Disney ride
|name=Big Thunder Mountain Railroad
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|name = Big Thunder Mountain Railroad
|image=Big Thunder Mountain Railroad at Disneyland.jpg
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|image = Big Thunder Mountain Railroad at Disneyland.jpg
|park=[[Disneyland]]
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|park = [[Disneyland]]
|land=[[Frontierland (Disneyland)|Frontierland]]
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|land = [[Frontierland (Disneyland)|Frontierland]]
|designer=[[Walt Disney Imagineering]], Tony Baxter
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|designer = [[Tony Baxter]]
|manufacturer=[[Wikipedia:Arrow Dynamics|Arrow Dynamics]]
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|type = Steel – Mine Train
|theme=Runaway mine train
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|theme = Runaway mine train
|opened=September 2, [[1979]]
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|opened = [[September 2]], [[1979]]
|host=[[wikipedia:Dallas McKennon|Dallas McKennon]]
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|predecessor = [[Mine Train Thru Nature's Wonderland|Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland]]
|vehicle_type=Mine train
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}}
|vehicle_names=U.R. Bold, U.R. Daring, U.R. Courageous, I.M. Loco, I.B. Hearty, I.M. Fearless
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|-|Magic Kingdom=
|guests_per_vehicle=45
 
|cars_per_vehicle=5
 
|guests_per_car=9
 
|duration=3:21
 
|length=2671
 
|attraction_height=104
 
|track_height=50
 
|speed=30
 
|height_requirement=40
 
|lift_count=3 - two indoor and one outdoor
 
|custom_label_1=Retired trains
 
|custom_value_1=I.M. Brave (retired after 2003 incident)
 
|predecessor = [[Mine Train Thru Nature's Wonderland|Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland]]}}
 
 
 
{{Infobox Disney ride
 
{{Infobox Disney ride
|name=Big Thunder Mountain Railroad
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|name = Big Thunder Mountain Railroad
|image=Big Thunder Mountain Railroad at Magic Kingdom.jpg
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|image = Big Thunder Mountain Railroad at Magic Kingdom.jpg
|park=[[Magic Kingdom]]
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|park = [[Magic Kingdom]]
|land=[[Frontierland]]
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|land = [[Frontierland]]
|designer=Walt Disney Imagineering
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|soft_opened = [[September 23]], [[1980]]
|manufacturer=[[Wikipedia:Vekoma|Vekoma]]
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|opened = [[November 8]], [[1980]]
|theme=Runaway mine train
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}}
|soft_opened=September 23, [[1980]]
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|-|Tokyo Disneyland=
|opened=November 8, [[1980]]
 
|host=Dallas McKennon
 
|vehicle_type=Mine train
 
|vehicle_names=U.R. Bold, U.R. Daring, U.R. Courageous, I.M. Brave, I.B. Hearty, I.M. Fearless
 
|guests_per_vehicle=45
 
|cars_per_vehicle=5
 
|guests_per_car=9
 
|duration=3:26
 
|length=2780
 
|speed=30
 
|height_requirement=40
 
|lift_count=3 - two indoor and one outdoor
 
|custom_label_1=Safety restraint
 
|custom_value_1=lap bar}}
 
 
 
{{Infobox Disney ride
 
{{Infobox Disney ride
|name=Big Thunder Mountain
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|name = Big Thunder Mountain<br>ビッグサンダー・マウンテン
|image=Big Thunder Mountain at Tokyo Disneyland.jpg
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|image = Big Thunder Mountain at Tokyo Disneyland.jpg
|park=[[Tokyo Disneyland]]
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|park = [[Tokyo Disneyland]]
|land=[[Westernland]]
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|land = [[Westernland]]
|designer=Walt Disney Imagineering
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|opened = [[July 4]], [[1987]]
|opened=July 4, [[1987]]
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}}
|vehicle_type=Mine train
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|-|Disneyland Paris=
|duration=3:40
 
|height_requirement=40
 
|sponsored_by=The Dai-ichi Mutual Life Insurance Company}}
 
 
 
{{Infobox Disney ride
 
{{Infobox Disney ride
|name=Big Thunder Mountain
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|name = Big Thunder Mountain
|image=Big Thunder Mountain at Disneyland Paris.jpg
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|image = Big Thunder Mountain Railroad - Disneyland Paris.jpg
|park=[[Disneyland Park (Paris)]]
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|park = [[Disneyland Park (Paris)]]
|land=[[Frontierland]]
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|land = [[Frontierland]]
|designer=Walt Disney Imagineering
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|opened = [[April 12]], [[1992]]
|manufacturer=Vekoma
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}}
|theme=Runaway mine train
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</tabber>'''Big Thunder Mountain Railroad''' is a mine train roller coaster located in [[Frontierland]] at several [[Disneyland]]-style [[Disney Parks]] worldwide. The ride exists at [[Disneyland]] and the [[Magic Kingdom]] at [[Walt Disney World Resort]] as ''Big Thunder Mountain Railroad'', and at [[Tokyo Disneyland]] and [[Disneyland Park (Paris)]] as '''Big Thunder Mountain'''. Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is also the name of the fictional rail line the roller coaster depicts.
|opened=April 12, [[1992]]
 
|duration=3:56
 
|height_requirement=40
 
|lift_count=4}}
 
 
'''Big Thunder Mountain Railroad '''(or '''Big Thunder Mountain '''for short) is a roller coaster attraction at [[Disneyland]] in [[Anaheim, California]], opened [[1979]]; [[Walt Disney World]]'s [[Magic Kingdom]] in [[Lake Buena Vista, Florida]], opened [[1980]]; [[Tokyo Disneyland]] in [[Wikipedia:Uryasu, Chiba|Uryasu]], [[Wikipedia:Chiba Prefecture|Chiba]], [[Wikipedia:Japan|Japan]], opened [[1987]]; and at [[Disneyland Resort Paris]]' [[Parc Disneyland|Disneyland Park]] in Marne-la-Vallée, France, opened [[1992]] (the only park that opened together with the park). A [[Big Grizzly Mountain Coaster|similar attraction]] opened at [[Hong Kong Disneyland]] in 2012 in a land called [[Grizzly Gulch]] (which is part of the expansion).
 
   
 
==Theme==
 
==Theme==
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Although the details of the backstory vary from park to park, all follow the same general story arcs. Sometime in the late 1800s, gold was discovered on Big Thunder Mountain in the American Southwest. Overnight, a small mining town became a thriving mining town (the name of the town varies from ride to ride. In the California ride, the town is known as [[Rainbow Ridge]]. In the Florida version, the town is known as Tumbleweed, and in Paris, the town is known as [[Thunder Mesa]]). Mining was prosperous, and an extensive line of mine trains was set up to transport the ore. Unknown to the settlers, the Mountain was a sacred spot to local Native Americans and was cursed.<ref name="Birnbaum">''Birnbaum's Disneyland Resort Official Guide 2003'', pg. 65, (c) 2003 Disney Editions</ref>
   
Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is set in the American Southwest and follows the same general runaway train experience, though with varying backstories and geological structure.
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Before long, the settlers' desecration of the mountain caused a great tragedy, which, depending on the park, is usually depicted to be an earthquake (in the Paris and California versions of the ride), a tsunami (in the Tokyo version of the ride), a flash flood (in the Florida version of the ride), which befell the mines and town, and the town was abandoned. Sometime later, the locomotives were found to be racing around the mountain on their own, without engineers or a crew. The Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was founded in the old mining camp to allow tourists to take rides on the possessed trains.
   
During the Gold Rush in the late 1800s, gold was discovered in Big Thunder Mountain and boomtowns sprung up nearby accordingly such as Rainbow Ridge ([[Disneyland]]), Tumbleweed and Dry Gulch ([[Magic Kingdom]]) and Thunder Mesa ([[Disneyland Park (Paris)|Disneyland Paris]]). A Mine Train system was established to transport the ore, but what the settlers didn't count on was that Big Thunder was sacred ground for local Indian tribes. The spirit of Big Thunder was not pleased with the gold being removed from the mountain and the towns and mining company suffered accidents from flooding (Magic Kingdom) and earthquakes (Disneyland, Disneyland Paris). The trains themselves began operating on their own, possessed by mischievous spirits. Though the towns promptly became abandoned, adventurous visitors still arrived to ride the haunted trains.
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In keeping with the theme, the station buildings on all four versions of the ride are designed to look as though they are the abandoned offices of a mining company from the mid to late 19th century. The mountains themselves are themed to the red rock formations of the American Southwest. The rock work designs in the California version are based on the hoodoos of Bryce Canyon National Park in [[Utah]]. In the Florida, Tokyo and Paris versions of the ride, the rockwork designs are based on the rising buttes that are located in Utah and [[Arizona]]'s Monument Valley. Special care was taken by the Imagineers to make it appear that the rocks were there originally, and the track was built around the rocks, unlike a number of earlier mine rides, which were built the other way around (by sculpting the rocks around the tracks).<ref name="Baxter Interview">{{cite web|title=Interview with Imagineer Tony Baxter|url=http://www.pizarro.net/didier/_private/interviu/baxter.html|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120206025902/http://www.pizarro.net/didier/_private/interviu/baxter.html|archivedate=February 6, 2012}}</ref> The action of the ride takes place completely in the sagging, rotting tunnels of the mountain. In contrast to most steel roller coasters, where the thrills come from the perception of flying through open air, the thrills on Big Thunder Mountain Railroad are meant to come from the perceived instability of the mine and its threats of collapse. Sound effects of a typical locomotive operation are piped into the surrounding scenery to add realism to guests viewing the ride from observation platforms, including the steam whistle sounding, even though there is no whistle displayed on the locomotives.
==Attraction Plot==
 
*Dash in and out of desert caverns and rumble through a haunted mine aboard a speeding train.
 
*Amid rugged bedrock and desert cactus, venture inside a nearly 200-foot mountain to the Big Thunder Mining Company, established in the early days of America’s Gold Rush. Traipse down into an abandoned mine shaft and discover a mysterious 5-car locomotive waiting to take you on a journey inside an abandoned shaft.
 
*Hurl forward into the darkness of the tunnel as the train’s wheels chug back and forth across a rickety track. Swoop around sharp turns and dip and drop into canyons and caves, darting through the ghost town of Tumbleweed.
 
*Peel under a booming waterfall, past rock formations, and dodge a rumbling boulder from an inexplicable landslide. Along your adventure, glimpse the remnants of a flash flood and behold a bevy of local critters—including bats, opossum and a goat—before hastily making your way back to the safety of the railroad station.
 
*Legend has it that a supernatural force dwells within the mountain. When gold was first discovered in the 1850s, a mining company was established. But soon, eerie things began to occur. Miners heard ghostly sounds, cave-ins became frequent and equipment mysteriously failed. Trains would take off and race through the mine and around the mountain driverless! Word got out that the mine was haunted and Big Thunder became another ghost town.
 
*Years later, when eyewitness accounts had faded into folklore, new prospectors resurrected the Mining Company and began blasting into the spooky mountain once again. But as the new settlers became aware, some legends turn out to be true.
 
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
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Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was designed by [[Walt Disney Imagineering#Imagineers|Imagineer]] [[Tony Baxter]] and ride design engineer Bill Watkins. The concept came from Baxter's work on fellow Imagineer [[Marc Davis]]' concept for the [[Western River Expedition]], a western-themed pavilion at the Magic Kingdom, designed to look like an enormous plateau and contain many rides, including a runaway mine train roller coaster. However, because the pavilion as a whole was deemed too expensive in light of the 1973 construction and opening of [[Pirates of the Caribbean (ride)|Pirates of the Caribbean]], Baxter proposed severing the mine train and building it as a separate attraction.
   
The first version of the attraction opened in 1979 in Disneyland after [[Mine Train Thru Nature's Wonderland|Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland]] closed. It is widely believed the roller coaster trains were reused from Nature's Wonderland. It is also well known that the Western Town at the end of the ride and the animal [[Audio-Animatronics]] were recycled from Nature's Wonderland.
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The Big Thunder Mountain Railroad project was put on hold again in 1974 as resources and personnel were being diverted to work on constructing [[Space Mountain (Magic Kingdom)|Space Mountain]] in [[Tomorrowland]], but this delay may have ultimately produced a smoother ride as the use of computers in attraction design was just beginning when the project was resumed. Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was one of the first Disney rides to utilize computer-aided design.<ref name="Baxter Interview"/> The attraction first opened at Disneyland in 1979, and the Magic Kingdom's larger version in Florida opened in 1980. Tokyo Disneyland's version opened in 1987 and Disneyland Paris opened with its version in 1992. The Paris version's layout and structure were mostly based on the Florida version of the ride, but with several significant differences.
   
The second version opened in Walt Disney World in 1980. The WDW version is based around Red Rock Canyon and provides a less tame experience. This time, it centers around a haunted mine in Big Thunder Mountain.
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The revised European ride takes the form of a large island in the center of the [[Rivers of America (Disney)|Rivers of the Far West]], accessed from its riverside station by tunnels underneath the water. The attraction in Disneyland Paris is the only Big Thunder Mountain to have been an opening-day attraction at its park. [[Hong Kong Disneyland]] does not have a Big Thunder Mountain Railroad attraction (or a western-themed [[Frontierland]], for that matter). However, [[Grizzly Gulch]] has a theme similar to Frontierland. The main attraction, [[Big Grizzly Mountain Runaway Mine Cars]], carries a similar theme to Big Thunder Mountain Railroad.
   
Both the Euro Disneyland and Tokyo Disneyland versions use the same Bryce Canyon setting as Disneyland but have different track layouts.
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===Timeline===
===Tributes to Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland===
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* Early 1970s: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is conceived by Imagineer Tony Baxter for Walt Disney World, but it is put on hold due to the construction of Pirates of the Caribbean.
At [[Disneyland]], a scaled-down western town sits adjacent to the queuing lines and tracks returning to the station. A Western sallon, a hotel, the assayer's office and mercantile appear among the buildings. This is the village of Rainbow Ridge, which used to overlook the loading platform of the sedate Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland. Disneyland's version of Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was built on the land the Mine Train used to occupy. Many of the Animal Audio-Animatronics throughout the attraction are the Animal Audio-Animatronics from the previous attraction. Other allusions to the Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland include:
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* 1974: The project is put on hold again due to the construction of Space Mountain.
*The Rainbow Caverns - Glowing pools of water by the first lift hill.
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* 1979: Construction begins on the ride at Disneyland.
*Precariously balanced rocks on the third lift hill.
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* September 2, 1979: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad officially opens at Disneyland.
*The Name of the ride itself - '''Big Thunder '''was originally the name of an enormous waterfall the train passed on the tour. '''Little Thunder '''was located nearby.
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* November 15, 1980: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad officially opens at Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom.
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* July 4, 1987: Big Thunder Mountain officially opens at Tokyo Disneyland.
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* April 12, 1992: Big Thunder Mountain officially opens at Disneyland Paris along with the park.
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* January 7, 2013: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad closes at Disneyland for a refurbishment, to include an entire replacement of new track (similar to the Space Mountain refurbishment), new trains, new scenery, and new effects.
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* March 17, 2014: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad reopens at Disneyland.
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* November 2, 2015: Big Thunder Mountain closes at Disneyland Paris for a year-long refurbishment. Its reopening is scheduled for December 17, 2016.
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* August 8, 2016: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad closes at Magic Kingdom for a 4-month refurbishment. Its reopening is scheduled for November 19, 2016.
   
==Name==
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===Tributes to predecessor===
At the Magic Kingdom and at Disneyland, the ride is known by its full name of '''Big Thunder Mountain Railroad'''. The Tokyo and Paris versions would drop the word '''Railroad '''in favor of the name '''Big Thunder Mountain'''. Tokyo Disneyland's Big Thunder, which is almost identical to Magic Kingdom's, opened in [[1987]], five years after the park opening. Also at Magic Kingdom and at Disneyland, the name of the ride is sometimes shortened to '''Big Thunder Mountain''', '''Thunder Mountain Railroad''', or even just '''Big Thunder''' or '''Thunder Mountain'''.
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At Disneyland, Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was built on the land the [[Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland]] used to occupy. Several tributes to the former attraction are present in the Disneyland version. A scaled-down Western town sits adjacent to the queuing lines and tracks near the station. A Western saloon, hotel, assayer's office, and mercantile appear among the buildings. This is the village of Rainbow Ridge, which used to overlook the loading platform of the sedate Mine Train through Nature's Wonderland. Many of the animal animatronics throughout the attraction are animatronic animals from the previous attraction. Other allusions to the Mine Train through Nature's Wonderland include the Rainbow Caverns (glowing pools of water by the first lift hill) and precariously balanced rocks in the third lift hill tunnel.
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The name of the ride itself, "Big Thunder", was originally the name of a large waterfall the old mine train passed on its tour. "Little Thunder" was located nearby.
   
[[Walt Disney Imagineering|Imagineers]] rethought the attraction for Disneyland Paris, creating a layout mostly based on Disneyland's Big Thunder Mountain Railroad but with several significant changes to both the layout and the accompanying structure.
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===Name===
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At the Magic Kingdom and at Disneyland, the ride is known by its full name of "Big Thunder Mountain Railroad". The Tokyo and Paris versions would drop the word "Railroad" in favor of the name "Big Thunder Mountain". Tokyo Disneyland's Big Thunder, which is almost identical to the Magic Kingdom's, opened in 1987, five years after the park opened. At Magic Kingdom and Disneyland, the name of the ride is sometimes shortened to "Big Thunder Mountain", "Thunder Mountain Railroad", or even just "Thunder Mountain".
   
The revised European ride, takes the form of a large island, similar to [[Pirate's Lair on Tom Sawyer Island|Tom Sawyer Island]], in the center of the [[Rivers of America (Disney)|Rivers of the Far West]], accessed from its riverside station by tunnels underneath the water. Just like [[Star Tours]], Disneyland Paris is also the only Big Thunder Mountain to open together with the park.
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==Ride experience==
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===Disneyland version===
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While the design of the Walt Disney World version of this roller coaster was done first, Disneyland's version was the first one to open.<ref>Surrell, Jason. The Disney Mountains Imagineering at Its Peak, Disney Editions, New York, 2007. pp. 60-75.</ref> The track layout was mirrored, placing the attraction to the right of Rivers of America, if viewed from the central hub. (In Walt Disney World, the attraction is located to the left of Rivers of America.) To better fit with the adjacent Fantasyland areas of the theme park, the original Walt Disney World design had to be replaced with something more appropriate for Disneyland. The Florida, Tokyo and Paris versions of the ride use sharp-edged mountains and the vibrant colors of Monument Valley, Arizona, while Disneyland's version was developed with more rounded features and muted colors resembling the Bryce Canyon hoodoos in Utah.<ref>Surrell, Jason. The Disney Mountains Imagineering at Its Peak, Disney Editions, New York, 2007. pp. 67-69.</ref>
   
[[Hong Kong Disneyland]] does not have a Big Thunder Mountain Railroad attraction nor a [[Frontierland|western-themed land]], for that matter. However, a land called ''[[Grizzly Gulch]] ''is currently under construction at Hong Kong Disneyland with a theme similar to [[Frontierland]] and [[Critter Country]]. The planned attraction [[Big Grizzly Mountain Coaster]] will carry a similar theme to Big Thunder Mountain Railroad's theme. The attraction and the themed land is set to open in Summer [[2012]].
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Upon entering the attraction, the queue winds through a narrow rock wall and passing by the tracks. The surrounding walls were originally created from 100 tons of gold ore from Rosamond.<ref>{{cite book |author=Jim Fanning |title=Disneyland Challenge |year=2009 |publisher=Disney Editions |page=23 |ISBN=978-1-4231-0675-3 }}</ref>
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Leaving the outdoor station, trains enter a bat-infested tunnel, make a right hand turn, then a left hand turn before climbing the first lift hill, which takes trains through a cavern full of stalactites. Leaving the lift hill, the train drops away to the right, then levels out and makes a left hand turn. The track then crosses under the second lift hill drop before making a right hand turn. The sounds of coyotes can be heard howling at the train as it dives into an underground cave. At the end of the tunnel, the train hits a trim brake, exits the tunnel, and climbs the second lift hill. At the top of the lift, an animatronic [[Billy the Disney Goat|goat]] bleats at passing guests as the train drops away to the right, cross under the lift hill, and rises up into a downward spiraling clockwise helix. Leaving the helix, the train shoots through a small canyon, then drops down into a mining camp, where it hits another trim brake. The train then makes a left hand turn, enters another tunnel, and climbs the third lift hill. As the train climbs the lift, the tunnel is dynamited, and artificial smoke is blasted in guests' faces as the train crests the lift and exits the tunnel. The train then drops to the right, towards the river, then makes a right hand turn and passes through a short tunnel. After crossing over the drop, the trains make a left hand turn as they pass through the ribcage of a T-rex skeleton, hit a trim brake, then make a right hand turn into the final brakes. The train then travels by the buildings of Rainbow Ridge as it returns to the station.
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California's version of the ride is the only version of the ride to feature an outdoor station. All of the other versions feature an indoor station.
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On January 7, 2013, the ride was closed for an extensive refurbishment that included a new track, trains, scenery, and new effects on the third lift hill. The attraction reopened on March 17, 2014.<ref>{{cite web|last=Glover|first=Erin|title=Big Thunder Mountain Railroad to Reopen March 17 at Disneyland Park|url=http://disneyparks.disney.go.com/blog/2014/03/big-thunder-mountain-railroad-to-reopen-march-17-at-disneyland-park/|website=DisneyParks Blog|accessdate=March 7, 2014|date=March 7, 2014}}</ref> The new track was fabricated by Dynamic Structures, the company that had previously rehauled the coaster track in [[Space Mountain (Disneyland)|Space Mountain]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Products|url=http://www.dynamicattractions.com/products.html|publisher=Dynamic Attractions|accessdate=October 28, 2013}}</ref>
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===Magic Kingdom version===
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In 2013, the queue for the Magic Kingdom's version of the attraction underwent an overhaul that introduced more extensive themed elements as well as interactive activities. The Big Thunder Mining Company is still very active here, under the management of [[Barnabas T. Bullion]], with land grants and other documents showing a Sept. 23, 1848 date for the beginning of Bullion's operations at Big Thunder Mountain. As time passed into the 1880s and the supernatural incidents have started becoming more common, a letter from [[Society of Explorers and Adventurers]] colleague [[Jason Chandler]] has served as an unheeded warning to abandon mining operations at Big Thunder and try elsewhere. Other correspondences found within the offices include documents showing the BTMC's foreman [[George Willikers]] has been taking more than his fair share from the workers, as well as warnings from the Sheriff about the bumbling criminals [[Theodore and Amos]] from [[The Apple Dumpling Gang|''The Apple Dumpling Gang'']]'' ''making trouble the next town over''.''
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Interactive elements within this new queue include a number of inventions guests can interact with such as a Subterrascope that allows one to view the workers in the mine in the Foreman's office, an Auto-Canary machine in the Ventilation Control room that allows people on the surface to monitor the air condition deep below, and many opportunities for guests to detonate TNT blasts on the mountain itself in the Explosives room and other areas overlooking the mountainscape.
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For the most part, the track layout of the Magic Kingdom's version is a mirror image of the Disneyland version.
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Riders board the trains in an enclosed loading station on a hillside. Leaving the station, trains make a left hand turn into a bat-infested tunnel, make a slight right turn, and climb the first lift hill. At the top of the lift hill, trains pass under a waterfall and drop to the left. This is followed by a right-hand turn, after which the track crosses under the second lift hill and drop. After crossing under the second lift hill drop, the track goes through a 270-degree clockwise spiral and passes through a short tunnel. Trains emerge from the tunnel and pass through the flooded town of Tumbleweed. The train passes over a decaying trestle (where the track is slightly banked from side to side), before entering Davy Jones Mine, where it hits a trim brake. Trains then make a left-hand turn and climb the second lift hill.
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At the top of the second lift hill, trains drop to the left and cross under the lift hill, before rising into a 540 degree downhill counterclockwise helix, passing over a broken trestle. Leaving the helix, trains shoot up across a small hill, make a slight right turn, then drop through another tunnel and hit a trim brake. The trains then make a right hand turn into a tunnel and climb the third lift hill. As the train climbs the lift, an earthquake hits and makes the train cars sway from side to side (the effect achieved by slightly banking the track). Leaving the lift, trains emerge from the tunnel, crest a small rise, and drop to the left towards the Rivers of America. After traveling along a short section of straight track, the ride then makes a left-hand turn through a short tunnel and crosses a short bridge. The train then makes a right-hand turn, and passes through the ribcage of a T-Rex skeleton as it hits the final trim brake, makes a left hand turn past some geysers and hot springs, and rises into the final brakes. The train then coasts back to the station.
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The Florida version was allocated more space in the park, and so the Monument Valley-inspired ride structure assumes 2.5 acres, 25 percent larger than the Disneyland version.<ref>Surrell, Jason. The Disney Mountains Imagineering at Its Peak, Disney Editions, New York, 2007. p. 72.</ref>
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The Florida version was closed for refurbishment from August 2016 to November 18, 2016.<ref>{{cite web | last=Busdeker | first=Jon | title=Big Thunder Mountain Railroad at Magic Kingdom closed for 'refurbishment' | website=WESH | date=2016-08-09 | url=http://www.wesh.com/orlandomyway/orlando-theme-parks/big-thunder-mountain-railroad-at-magic-kingdom-closed-for-refurbishment/41120858 | accessdate=2016-09-21}}</ref>
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It was featured in ''[[The Muppets at Walt Disney World]]'', where Beauregarde forced [[Miss Piggy]] to go on the ride with him.
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===Tokyo Disneyland version===
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Big Thunder Mountain at Tokyo Disneyland is similar to the Florida ride, but there are some differences in the ride layout. After going under the second lift drop, the Florida version does a 270 degree clockwise drop, then passes through the town of Tumbleweed, a short mine, and makes a left turn onto the second lift hill. On the Tokyo version, the track goes around a turn to the left and dives into an underground cave, mirroring the California version of the ride. More significantly, the final segment of the ride is different. Instead of crossing back over the drop from the third lift hill, the track makes a 180 degree turn to the right before dropping out of a tunnel, through the Boneyard/geyser scene, into a short tunnel. The track then makes a right hand turn into the final brakes. The trains pass in front of the station building and then turn back into the loading area.
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In January 2020, a Single Rider queue was added to Tokyo Disneyland's version. <ref>https://wdwnt.com/2019/12/single-rider-coming-next-month-to-big-thunder-mountain-at-tokyo-disneyland/</ref>
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===Disneyland Paris version===
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While primarily based on the Florida version, Paris's version is unique in that it is situated on an island in the middle of the [[Rivers of America|Rivers of the Far West]], where Tom Sawyer's Island would normally sit. It is also the only version of the ride to be an opening day attraction. The Paris version underwent a 13-month refurbishment from November 2015 to December 2016; updates included the replacement of track and scenery, plus the installation of mapping effects on the third lift hill (similar to the California version) and the installation of interactive games in the queue line.<ref>http://www.dlpguide.com/calendar/closures-refurbishments/</ref>
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Guests board the trains at a station on the mainland. Immediately upon leaving the station, trains dive into a tunnel that transports them under the Rivers of the Far West to the island where the ride is located. The train makes a right-hand turn and makes a quick steep rise before starting up the first lift hill. As trains climb out of the darkness of the underwater tunnel, stalactites and stalagmites can be seen growing next to the track. The sounds of bats swooping up above can also be heard. At the top, a waterfall parting around the tracks suggests that the tunnel is flooding. Trains pop out of the tunnel, leave the lift hill, and drop around a left-hand turn, pass through a small cave, then make a swooping right turn. If the trains are being dispatched timely, when the train goes through this curve, it will appear to make a near miss with a train in the 540-degree helix.
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After this turn, the trains pass under the second lift hill and its drop, making a slight hop, before making a left hand turn onto a trestle. The train runs along the Rivers of the Far West, across the water from [[Phantom Manor]], then makes a slight right-hand turn and suddenly falls through a washed out section of the trestle. The trestle drop also contains an on-ride camera. After dropping down to the water level (with water jets on the sides of the track simulating a splashdown), the trains go around a left turn on an unstable portion of trestle enter a mining camp, and begin to climb the second lift hill.
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As trains start up the lift hill, two tied down donkeys can be seen to the right side of the track, braying at passing trains, with an empty watering pail in front of them. A goat can be seen pulling on a work shirt hanging on a clothesline to the left, as the trains pass a parked steamroller and the mine elevator, and travel under a water tower.
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At the top of the lift, [[The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror]] at [[Walt Disney Studios Park]] can be seen on the horizon before the trains drop around a left turn and cross back under the lift hill. The prerecorded sound of screeching wheel flanges can be heard as trains go around the curve. As the train comes out of the drop and goes over another rise, it passes a sign warning of a broken trestle that is mounted to the water tower post (this warning sign can also be seen by sitting in the very last row of the train and looking backward while going up the lift hill). Cresting the hill, trains cross over the broken trestle and spiral down through a 540-degree counter-clockwise helix.
  +
  +
Exiting the helix, the trains pass through a short cave and go over a quick airtime hill as they shoot down a canyon. As the trains drop through the tunnel and pass over a trim brake, a loud gust of wind is heard. Trains then make a right-hand turn on another trestle that seems to creak under the weight of the train as they enter a tunnel with signs warning of blasting over the portal and climb the third lift hill.
  +
  +
As the train starts up the hill, the tunnel is dynamited, and artificial smoke is blasted in guests' faces as the train crests the lift and exits the tunnel (like California, the third lift hill was originally a simulated earthquake prior to refurbishment). The train crests a small hill, then drops to the left onto a straightaway alongside the river, speeding up as it enters the return tunnel. The train encounters a swarm of bats in the tunnel as it makes another sharp counter-clockwise turnaround and goes down a steep drop to cross under the water. The trains continue to accelerate through the dark until it pops out of the exit portal on the mainland. The train then coasts past the station, through the loading dock, and then turns around to reenter the station.
  +
  +
==Incidents==
  +
{{Main|Incidents at the Disney Parks}}
   
 
==Trivia==
 
==Trivia==
  +
* The Tokyo Disneyland version of the ride is featured in the Japanese Super Famicom game ''[[Mickey no Tokyo Disneyland Daibōken]]''.
  +
  +
== See also ==
  +
* [[Big Grizzly Mountain Runaway Mine Cars]]
   
*The Disneyland version of BTMR replaced Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland, a sedate train ride through different animal habitats.
 
==Incidents and Accidents==
 
===Disneyland===
 
*On September 5, 2003, A 22-year-old man from Gardena, California was killed after suffering severe blunt trauma and extensive eternal bleeding in a derailment of the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad that also injured 10 other guests. It was determined that the cause of the accident was improper maintenance. Fasteners on the left side upstop/guide wheel on the floating axle of the locomotive were not tightened and safetied in accordance with specifications. As the train entered a tunnel the axle came loose and jammed against a brake section, causing the locomotive to become airborne and hit the ceiling of the tunnel. The locomotive then fell on top of the first passenger car, crushing the victim. The name of the train was I.M. Brave which retired after the accident.
 
===​Disneyland Park (Paris)===
 
*On April 25, 2011 at around 2:50pm, a fiberglass rock and some wood on Lift C fell on the train, injuring 5 people out of 25 who were in the train. One of them was a 38-year-old man who was severely hit on the head and was transported to the Beaujon Hospital at Clichy Sur Seine, France. The other four returned to the park on the same day. The men left the hospital a few days later. The ride was closed for investigations to determine the accident. Once the attraction reopened, the falling rock scene was removed from the attraction.
 
 
==Gallery==
 
==Gallery==
<gallery captionalign="left" widths="300" spacing="small">
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<gallery>
Big Thunder Mountain.jpg
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f8251ff79dc532dc51c6b9c2dfa8ee0c.jpg|Aerial view of Paris version
Big Thunder Poster.jpg
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article-1380639-0BC6FBD400000578-577_468x349.jpg
Big Thunder Train.jpg|Featured on:Big Thunder Mountain Railroad
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sdkjfn38103.png|Magic Kingdom version
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0517-fea_ocr-l-wdwfrntier-18.jpg
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6252134746_9669264e89_o-58f78c6e5f9b581d5938e104.jpg|Top of original Disneyland version
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
==See also==
+
*[[Big Grizzly Mountain Coaster]], a similar attraction at [[Hong Kong Disneyland]] opened on July 14, 2012.
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== References ==
{{Magic Kingdom}}{{Disneyland}}{{Kingdom Keepers}}{{Tokyo Disneyland}}{{Disneyland Paris}}
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{{Reflist}}
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{{Society of Explorers and Adventurers}}
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{{Disneyland}}
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{{Magic Kingdom}}
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{{Tokyo Disneyland}}
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{{Disneyland Paris}}
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{{Kingdom Keepers}}
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{{Disney Kingdoms}}
 
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[[Category:Roller coasters at Disneyland Resort Paris]]
 
[[Category:Roller coasters at Tokyo Disney Resort]]
 
[[Category:Roller coasters at the Magic Kingdom]]
 
 
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[[Category:Mountains]]
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[[Category:Disney's Fastpass equipped attractions]]
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[[Category:Disney Magic Kingdoms]]
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[[Category:Rides]]
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[[Category:Disneyland rides]]
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[[Category:Water rides]]
 
[[Category:Frontierland]]
 
[[Category:Frontierland]]
[[Category:Kingdom Keepers Location]]
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[[Category:Disney parks and attractions]]
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[[Category:Thrill Rides]]
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[[Category:Single Rider rides]]

Revision as of 13:07, March 7, 2020

Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is a mine train roller coaster located in Frontierland at several Disneyland-style Disney Parks worldwide. The ride exists at Disneyland and the Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World Resort as Big Thunder Mountain Railroad, and at Tokyo Disneyland and Disneyland Park (Paris) as Big Thunder Mountain. Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is also the name of the fictional rail line the roller coaster depicts.

Theme

Although the details of the backstory vary from park to park, all follow the same general story arcs. Sometime in the late 1800s, gold was discovered on Big Thunder Mountain in the American Southwest. Overnight, a small mining town became a thriving mining town (the name of the town varies from ride to ride. In the California ride, the town is known as Rainbow Ridge. In the Florida version, the town is known as Tumbleweed, and in Paris, the town is known as Thunder Mesa). Mining was prosperous, and an extensive line of mine trains was set up to transport the ore. Unknown to the settlers, the Mountain was a sacred spot to local Native Americans and was cursed.[1]

Before long, the settlers' desecration of the mountain caused a great tragedy, which, depending on the park, is usually depicted to be an earthquake (in the Paris and California versions of the ride), a tsunami (in the Tokyo version of the ride), a flash flood (in the Florida version of the ride), which befell the mines and town, and the town was abandoned. Sometime later, the locomotives were found to be racing around the mountain on their own, without engineers or a crew. The Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was founded in the old mining camp to allow tourists to take rides on the possessed trains.

In keeping with the theme, the station buildings on all four versions of the ride are designed to look as though they are the abandoned offices of a mining company from the mid to late 19th century. The mountains themselves are themed to the red rock formations of the American Southwest. The rock work designs in the California version are based on the hoodoos of Bryce Canyon National Park in Utah. In the Florida, Tokyo and Paris versions of the ride, the rockwork designs are based on the rising buttes that are located in Utah and Arizona's Monument Valley. Special care was taken by the Imagineers to make it appear that the rocks were there originally, and the track was built around the rocks, unlike a number of earlier mine rides, which were built the other way around (by sculpting the rocks around the tracks).[2] The action of the ride takes place completely in the sagging, rotting tunnels of the mountain. In contrast to most steel roller coasters, where the thrills come from the perception of flying through open air, the thrills on Big Thunder Mountain Railroad are meant to come from the perceived instability of the mine and its threats of collapse. Sound effects of a typical locomotive operation are piped into the surrounding scenery to add realism to guests viewing the ride from observation platforms, including the steam whistle sounding, even though there is no whistle displayed on the locomotives.

History

Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was designed by Imagineer Tony Baxter and ride design engineer Bill Watkins. The concept came from Baxter's work on fellow Imagineer Marc Davis' concept for the Western River Expedition, a western-themed pavilion at the Magic Kingdom, designed to look like an enormous plateau and contain many rides, including a runaway mine train roller coaster. However, because the pavilion as a whole was deemed too expensive in light of the 1973 construction and opening of Pirates of the Caribbean, Baxter proposed severing the mine train and building it as a separate attraction.

The Big Thunder Mountain Railroad project was put on hold again in 1974 as resources and personnel were being diverted to work on constructing Space Mountain in Tomorrowland, but this delay may have ultimately produced a smoother ride as the use of computers in attraction design was just beginning when the project was resumed. Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was one of the first Disney rides to utilize computer-aided design.[2] The attraction first opened at Disneyland in 1979, and the Magic Kingdom's larger version in Florida opened in 1980. Tokyo Disneyland's version opened in 1987 and Disneyland Paris opened with its version in 1992. The Paris version's layout and structure were mostly based on the Florida version of the ride, but with several significant differences.

The revised European ride takes the form of a large island in the center of the Rivers of the Far West, accessed from its riverside station by tunnels underneath the water. The attraction in Disneyland Paris is the only Big Thunder Mountain to have been an opening-day attraction at its park. Hong Kong Disneyland does not have a Big Thunder Mountain Railroad attraction (or a western-themed Frontierland, for that matter). However, Grizzly Gulch has a theme similar to Frontierland. The main attraction, Big Grizzly Mountain Runaway Mine Cars, carries a similar theme to Big Thunder Mountain Railroad.

Timeline

  • Early 1970s: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is conceived by Imagineer Tony Baxter for Walt Disney World, but it is put on hold due to the construction of Pirates of the Caribbean.
  • 1974: The project is put on hold again due to the construction of Space Mountain.
  • 1979: Construction begins on the ride at Disneyland.
  • September 2, 1979: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad officially opens at Disneyland.
  • November 15, 1980: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad officially opens at Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom.
  • July 4, 1987: Big Thunder Mountain officially opens at Tokyo Disneyland.
  • April 12, 1992: Big Thunder Mountain officially opens at Disneyland Paris along with the park.
  • January 7, 2013: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad closes at Disneyland for a refurbishment, to include an entire replacement of new track (similar to the Space Mountain refurbishment), new trains, new scenery, and new effects.
  • March 17, 2014: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad reopens at Disneyland.
  • November 2, 2015: Big Thunder Mountain closes at Disneyland Paris for a year-long refurbishment. Its reopening is scheduled for December 17, 2016.
  • August 8, 2016: Big Thunder Mountain Railroad closes at Magic Kingdom for a 4-month refurbishment. Its reopening is scheduled for November 19, 2016.

Tributes to predecessor

At Disneyland, Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was built on the land the Mine Train Through Nature's Wonderland used to occupy. Several tributes to the former attraction are present in the Disneyland version. A scaled-down Western town sits adjacent to the queuing lines and tracks near the station. A Western saloon, hotel, assayer's office, and mercantile appear among the buildings. This is the village of Rainbow Ridge, which used to overlook the loading platform of the sedate Mine Train through Nature's Wonderland. Many of the animal animatronics throughout the attraction are animatronic animals from the previous attraction. Other allusions to the Mine Train through Nature's Wonderland include the Rainbow Caverns (glowing pools of water by the first lift hill) and precariously balanced rocks in the third lift hill tunnel. The name of the ride itself, "Big Thunder", was originally the name of a large waterfall the old mine train passed on its tour. "Little Thunder" was located nearby.

Name

At the Magic Kingdom and at Disneyland, the ride is known by its full name of "Big Thunder Mountain Railroad". The Tokyo and Paris versions would drop the word "Railroad" in favor of the name "Big Thunder Mountain". Tokyo Disneyland's Big Thunder, which is almost identical to the Magic Kingdom's, opened in 1987, five years after the park opened. At Magic Kingdom and Disneyland, the name of the ride is sometimes shortened to "Big Thunder Mountain", "Thunder Mountain Railroad", or even just "Thunder Mountain".

Ride experience

Disneyland version

While the design of the Walt Disney World version of this roller coaster was done first, Disneyland's version was the first one to open.[3] The track layout was mirrored, placing the attraction to the right of Rivers of America, if viewed from the central hub. (In Walt Disney World, the attraction is located to the left of Rivers of America.) To better fit with the adjacent Fantasyland areas of the theme park, the original Walt Disney World design had to be replaced with something more appropriate for Disneyland. The Florida, Tokyo and Paris versions of the ride use sharp-edged mountains and the vibrant colors of Monument Valley, Arizona, while Disneyland's version was developed with more rounded features and muted colors resembling the Bryce Canyon hoodoos in Utah.[4]

Upon entering the attraction, the queue winds through a narrow rock wall and passing by the tracks. The surrounding walls were originally created from 100 tons of gold ore from Rosamond.[5]

Leaving the outdoor station, trains enter a bat-infested tunnel, make a right hand turn, then a left hand turn before climbing the first lift hill, which takes trains through a cavern full of stalactites. Leaving the lift hill, the train drops away to the right, then levels out and makes a left hand turn. The track then crosses under the second lift hill drop before making a right hand turn. The sounds of coyotes can be heard howling at the train as it dives into an underground cave. At the end of the tunnel, the train hits a trim brake, exits the tunnel, and climbs the second lift hill. At the top of the lift, an animatronic goat bleats at passing guests as the train drops away to the right, cross under the lift hill, and rises up into a downward spiraling clockwise helix. Leaving the helix, the train shoots through a small canyon, then drops down into a mining camp, where it hits another trim brake. The train then makes a left hand turn, enters another tunnel, and climbs the third lift hill. As the train climbs the lift, the tunnel is dynamited, and artificial smoke is blasted in guests' faces as the train crests the lift and exits the tunnel. The train then drops to the right, towards the river, then makes a right hand turn and passes through a short tunnel. After crossing over the drop, the trains make a left hand turn as they pass through the ribcage of a T-rex skeleton, hit a trim brake, then make a right hand turn into the final brakes. The train then travels by the buildings of Rainbow Ridge as it returns to the station.

California's version of the ride is the only version of the ride to feature an outdoor station. All of the other versions feature an indoor station.

On January 7, 2013, the ride was closed for an extensive refurbishment that included a new track, trains, scenery, and new effects on the third lift hill. The attraction reopened on March 17, 2014.[6] The new track was fabricated by Dynamic Structures, the company that had previously rehauled the coaster track in Space Mountain.[7]

Magic Kingdom version

In 2013, the queue for the Magic Kingdom's version of the attraction underwent an overhaul that introduced more extensive themed elements as well as interactive activities. The Big Thunder Mining Company is still very active here, under the management of Barnabas T. Bullion, with land grants and other documents showing a Sept. 23, 1848 date for the beginning of Bullion's operations at Big Thunder Mountain. As time passed into the 1880s and the supernatural incidents have started becoming more common, a letter from Society of Explorers and Adventurers colleague Jason Chandler has served as an unheeded warning to abandon mining operations at Big Thunder and try elsewhere. Other correspondences found within the offices include documents showing the BTMC's foreman George Willikers has been taking more than his fair share from the workers, as well as warnings from the Sheriff about the bumbling criminals Theodore and Amos from The Apple Dumpling Gang making trouble the next town over.

Interactive elements within this new queue include a number of inventions guests can interact with such as a Subterrascope that allows one to view the workers in the mine in the Foreman's office, an Auto-Canary machine in the Ventilation Control room that allows people on the surface to monitor the air condition deep below, and many opportunities for guests to detonate TNT blasts on the mountain itself in the Explosives room and other areas overlooking the mountainscape.

For the most part, the track layout of the Magic Kingdom's version is a mirror image of the Disneyland version.

Riders board the trains in an enclosed loading station on a hillside. Leaving the station, trains make a left hand turn into a bat-infested tunnel, make a slight right turn, and climb the first lift hill. At the top of the lift hill, trains pass under a waterfall and drop to the left. This is followed by a right-hand turn, after which the track crosses under the second lift hill and drop. After crossing under the second lift hill drop, the track goes through a 270-degree clockwise spiral and passes through a short tunnel. Trains emerge from the tunnel and pass through the flooded town of Tumbleweed. The train passes over a decaying trestle (where the track is slightly banked from side to side), before entering Davy Jones Mine, where it hits a trim brake. Trains then make a left-hand turn and climb the second lift hill.

At the top of the second lift hill, trains drop to the left and cross under the lift hill, before rising into a 540 degree downhill counterclockwise helix, passing over a broken trestle. Leaving the helix, trains shoot up across a small hill, make a slight right turn, then drop through another tunnel and hit a trim brake. The trains then make a right hand turn into a tunnel and climb the third lift hill. As the train climbs the lift, an earthquake hits and makes the train cars sway from side to side (the effect achieved by slightly banking the track). Leaving the lift, trains emerge from the tunnel, crest a small rise, and drop to the left towards the Rivers of America. After traveling along a short section of straight track, the ride then makes a left-hand turn through a short tunnel and crosses a short bridge. The train then makes a right-hand turn, and passes through the ribcage of a T-Rex skeleton as it hits the final trim brake, makes a left hand turn past some geysers and hot springs, and rises into the final brakes. The train then coasts back to the station.

The Florida version was allocated more space in the park, and so the Monument Valley-inspired ride structure assumes 2.5 acres, 25 percent larger than the Disneyland version.[8]

The Florida version was closed for refurbishment from August 2016 to November 18, 2016.[9]

It was featured in The Muppets at Walt Disney World, where Beauregarde forced Miss Piggy to go on the ride with him.

Tokyo Disneyland version

Big Thunder Mountain at Tokyo Disneyland is similar to the Florida ride, but there are some differences in the ride layout. After going under the second lift drop, the Florida version does a 270 degree clockwise drop, then passes through the town of Tumbleweed, a short mine, and makes a left turn onto the second lift hill. On the Tokyo version, the track goes around a turn to the left and dives into an underground cave, mirroring the California version of the ride. More significantly, the final segment of the ride is different. Instead of crossing back over the drop from the third lift hill, the track makes a 180 degree turn to the right before dropping out of a tunnel, through the Boneyard/geyser scene, into a short tunnel. The track then makes a right hand turn into the final brakes. The trains pass in front of the station building and then turn back into the loading area.

In January 2020, a Single Rider queue was added to Tokyo Disneyland's version. [10]

Disneyland Paris version

While primarily based on the Florida version, Paris's version is unique in that it is situated on an island in the middle of the Rivers of the Far West, where Tom Sawyer's Island would normally sit. It is also the only version of the ride to be an opening day attraction. The Paris version underwent a 13-month refurbishment from November 2015 to December 2016; updates included the replacement of track and scenery, plus the installation of mapping effects on the third lift hill (similar to the California version) and the installation of interactive games in the queue line.[11]

Guests board the trains at a station on the mainland. Immediately upon leaving the station, trains dive into a tunnel that transports them under the Rivers of the Far West to the island where the ride is located. The train makes a right-hand turn and makes a quick steep rise before starting up the first lift hill. As trains climb out of the darkness of the underwater tunnel, stalactites and stalagmites can be seen growing next to the track. The sounds of bats swooping up above can also be heard. At the top, a waterfall parting around the tracks suggests that the tunnel is flooding. Trains pop out of the tunnel, leave the lift hill, and drop around a left-hand turn, pass through a small cave, then make a swooping right turn. If the trains are being dispatched timely, when the train goes through this curve, it will appear to make a near miss with a train in the 540-degree helix.

After this turn, the trains pass under the second lift hill and its drop, making a slight hop, before making a left hand turn onto a trestle. The train runs along the Rivers of the Far West, across the water from Phantom Manor, then makes a slight right-hand turn and suddenly falls through a washed out section of the trestle. The trestle drop also contains an on-ride camera. After dropping down to the water level (with water jets on the sides of the track simulating a splashdown), the trains go around a left turn on an unstable portion of trestle enter a mining camp, and begin to climb the second lift hill.

As trains start up the lift hill, two tied down donkeys can be seen to the right side of the track, braying at passing trains, with an empty watering pail in front of them. A goat can be seen pulling on a work shirt hanging on a clothesline to the left, as the trains pass a parked steamroller and the mine elevator, and travel under a water tower.

At the top of the lift, The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror at Walt Disney Studios Park can be seen on the horizon before the trains drop around a left turn and cross back under the lift hill. The prerecorded sound of screeching wheel flanges can be heard as trains go around the curve. As the train comes out of the drop and goes over another rise, it passes a sign warning of a broken trestle that is mounted to the water tower post (this warning sign can also be seen by sitting in the very last row of the train and looking backward while going up the lift hill). Cresting the hill, trains cross over the broken trestle and spiral down through a 540-degree counter-clockwise helix.

Exiting the helix, the trains pass through a short cave and go over a quick airtime hill as they shoot down a canyon. As the trains drop through the tunnel and pass over a trim brake, a loud gust of wind is heard. Trains then make a right-hand turn on another trestle that seems to creak under the weight of the train as they enter a tunnel with signs warning of blasting over the portal and climb the third lift hill.

As the train starts up the hill, the tunnel is dynamited, and artificial smoke is blasted in guests' faces as the train crests the lift and exits the tunnel (like California, the third lift hill was originally a simulated earthquake prior to refurbishment). The train crests a small hill, then drops to the left onto a straightaway alongside the river, speeding up as it enters the return tunnel. The train encounters a swarm of bats in the tunnel as it makes another sharp counter-clockwise turnaround and goes down a steep drop to cross under the water. The trains continue to accelerate through the dark until it pops out of the exit portal on the mainland. The train then coasts past the station, through the loading dock, and then turns around to reenter the station.

Incidents

Main article: Incidents at the Disney Parks

Trivia

See also

Gallery

References

  1. Birnbaum's Disneyland Resort Official Guide 2003, pg. 65, (c) 2003 Disney Editions
  2. 2.0 2.1 Interview with Imagineer Tony Baxter. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012.
  3. Surrell, Jason. The Disney Mountains Imagineering at Its Peak, Disney Editions, New York, 2007. pp. 60-75.
  4. Surrell, Jason. The Disney Mountains Imagineering at Its Peak, Disney Editions, New York, 2007. pp. 67-69.
  5. Jim Fanning (2009). Disneyland Challenge. Disney Editions, page 23. 
  6. Glover, Erin (March 7, 2014). "Big Thunder Mountain Railroad to Reopen March 17 at Disneyland Park". DisneyParks Blog. Retrieved on March 7, 2014.
  7. "Products". Dynamic Attractions. Retrieved on October 28, 2013.
  8. Surrell, Jason. The Disney Mountains Imagineering at Its Peak, Disney Editions, New York, 2007. p. 72.
  9. Busdeker, Jon (2016-08-09). "Big Thunder Mountain Railroad at Magic Kingdom closed for 'refurbishment'". WESH. Retrieved on 2016-09-21.
  10. https://wdwnt.com/2019/12/single-rider-coming-next-month-to-big-thunder-mountain-at-tokyo-disneyland/
  11. http://www.dlpguide.com/calendar/closures-refurbishments/


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Current Entertainment
Festival of Fantasy ParadeMickey's Royal Friendship FaireHappily Ever AfterMove It! Shake It! MousekeDance It! Street PartyOnce Upon a Time

Seasonal: A Frozen Holiday WishDisney's Celebrate AmericaMickey's Boo To You Halloween ParadeA Totally Tomorrowland ChristmasMickey's Once Upon a Christmastime ParadeMickey's Most Merriest CelebrationHocus Pocus Villain SpelltacularDisney's Not So Spooky Spectacular • Minnie's Wonderful Christmastime Fireworks • Villain Cursed Caravan

Former Attractions and Entertainment
Mickey's Toontown Fair (Donald's BoatMickey's Country HouseThe BarnstormerMinnie's House) • Mickey Mania ParadeMain Street Electrical ParadeCelebrate A Dream Come True ParadeCinderella's Surprise CelebrationCinderellabrationThe Magic, the Memories and YouWishes: A Magical Gathering of Disney DreamsMike Fink Keel BoatsThe Muppets Present... Great Moments in American HistoryDavy Crockett's Explorer CanoesCircle-Vision 360°SkywayMission to MarsExtraTERRORestrial Alien EncounterIf You Had WingsDelta DreamflightPixie HollowThe Enchanted Tiki Room (Under New Management)Shrunken Ned's Junior Jungle BoatsThe Legend of the Lion KingMickey Mouse Revue20,000 Leagues Under the Sea: Submarine VoyagePooh's Playful SpotSnow White's AdventuresSnow White's Scary AdventuresMagic JourneysMr. Toad's Wild RideThe Walt Disney StoryPlaza Swan BoatsElectrical Water PageantAdmiral Joe Fowler Riverboat

Seasonal: Disney's Magical Moments ParadeDream Along with MickeyCelebrate the MagicHappy Hallowishes • Holiday Wishes • Celebrate the Holidays • Country Bear Vacation HoedownCountry Bear Christmas SpecialVillains Mix and Mingle

Resorts
Disney's Contemporary ResortDisney's Grand Floridian Resort & SpaDisney's Polynesian ResortDisney's Wilderness Lodge
Upcoming
TRON Lightcycle Run (Opening in 2021)


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Tokyo Disneyland logo
World Bazaar
Omnibus
Fantasyland
Cinderella CastleSnow White's AdventuresSnow White GrottoPinocchio's Daring JourneyDumbo the Flying ElephantCinderella's Fairy Tale HallCastle CarrouselAlice's Tea PartyPeter Pan's FlightPooh's Hunny HuntIt's a Small WorldMickey's PhilharMagicThe Haunted Mansion
Adventureland
Swiss Family TreehouseWestern River RailroadJungle CruisePirates of the CaribbeanThe Enchanted Tiki Room: Stitch Presents Aloha e Komo Mai!
Tomorrowland
Monsters, Inc. Ride & Go SeekSpace MountainBuzz Lightyear Astro BlastersStitch EncounterStar Tours: The Adventures Continue
Toontown
Mickey's House & Movie BarnMinnie's HouseGoofy’s Paint 'n' Play HouseDonald's BoatChip 'n' Dale's TreehouseRoger Rabbit's Car Toon SpinGadget's Go CoasterToon Park
Westernland
Big Thunder Mountain RailroadMark Twain RiverboatCountry Bear TheaterTom Sawyer IslandWesternland Shooting Gallery
Critter Country
Splash MountainBeaver Brothers Explorer Canoes
Current Entertainment
Disney Light the Night • Dreaming Up!Tokyo Disneyland Electrical Parade: DreamLights

Seasonal: Haunted Mansion Holiday Nightmare • Spooky "Boo!" Parade • Disney Gifts of ChristmasIt's a Small World Holiday

Former Attractions and Entertainment
The Disney GallerySkywayMickey Mouse RevueCinderella Castle Mystery TourWalt Disney's Enchanted Tiki RoomThe Enchanted Tiki Room: Get the Fever! • Lilo's Luau & Fun • Minnie Oh! Minnie!Magic JourneysMeet the WorldMircoAdventuresStarcadeCircle-Vision 360° (The Timekeeper) • Donald's Wacky Kingdom • Feel the MagicOnce Upon a MouseStar ToursCaptain EOGrand Recruit RacewayHercules the HeroIt's Magical!Star JetsOne Man's Dream II: The Magic Lives On • Goofy's Bounce House • Jolly Trolley • Super Duper Jumpin' TimeOnce Upon a TimeDisney's FantillusionFantasy in the SkyCinderellabration: Lights of Romance

Seasonal: Disney's Halloween Parade "Scream & Shout"Disney's Halloween Parade "Re-Villains!" and "Banzai! Villains!" (Formerly "Let's Go, Villains!")• Halloween Pop'n LIVECelebrate! Tokyo DisneylandMickey's Gift of Dreams

Upcoming
Enchanted Tale of Beauty and the BeastThe Happy Ride with Baymax • Minnie's Style Studio • Fantasyland Forest TheatreMickey's Magical Music World
Resorts
Tokyo Disneyland HotelDisney Ambassador Hotel


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Disneyland Paris.svg
Main Street, U.S.A.
Disneyland RailroadLiberty ArcadeDiscovery ArcadeMain Street Vehicles
Frontierland
Legends of the Wild WestBig Thunder Mountain RailroadPhantom ManorRiver Rogue Keel BoatsRustler Roundup Shooting GalleryThunder Mesa Riverboat Landing
Adventureland
Le Passage Enchanté d'AladdinAdventure IsleLa Cabane des RobinsonIndiana Jones et le Temple du PérilPirates of the Caribbean
Fantasyland
Le Château de la Belle au Bois DormantLe Carrousel de LancelotBlanche-Neige et les Sept NainsLes Voyages de PinocchioPeter Pan's FlightAlice's Curious LabyrinthDumbo the Flying ElephantIt's a Small WorldMad Hatter Tea PartyLe Pays de Contes de FéesCasey Jr. - Le Petit Train du CirqueSword in the Stone
Discoveryland
AutopiaOrbitronLes Mystères du NautilusBuzz Lightyear Laser BlastStar Tours : L'Aventure ContinueStar Wars Hyperspace MountainMickey et son Orchestre PhilharMagique
Current Entertainment
Disney IlluminationsDisney Stars on Parade

Seasonal: A Merry StitchmasIt's Good To Be Bad With The Disney VillainsLa Parade de Noël DisneyMickey et le Big Band de NoëlMickey's Halloween Celebration

Former Attractions and Entertainment
Beauty and the Beast Live on Stage • The Enchanted Fireworks • The Hunchback of Notre Dame CarnivalCaptain EOCircle-Vision 360°Davy Crockett's Explorer CanoesDapper DansDisney's FantillusionDisney's ImagiNations ParadeThe Lion King FestivalDisney's Once Upon a Dream ParadeDisney Dreams!Disney Magic on ParadeDisney Toon CircusFantasy in the SkyHoney, I Shrunk the AudienceMain Street Electrical ParadeMickey presents: "Happy Anniversary Disneyland Paris"Mulan, La LégendeMulan ParadeHercules HappeningSpace Mountain: Mission 2Tarzan: The EncounterThe Lion King: Rhythms of the Pride LandsThe TimekeeperThe Wonderful World of Disney ParadeWinnie the Pooh and Friends, too!Woody's Roundup VillageStar Wars: Path of the Jedi

Seasonal: Chantons La Reine des NeigesDisney's Maleficious Halloween PartyDisney's Showtime SpectacularDr. Facilier's Carnival-LoweenFollowing the Leader with Peter PanGoofy's Skeletoons Street PartyFrozen Summer Fun!The Forest of Enchantment: A Disney Musical AdventureLe Voeu de Noël de la Princesse AuroreMickey's Magical CelebrationMickey's Winter WonderlandMickey and his Magic Halloween NightLa Parade d'AladdinWishes

Resorts
Disneyland HotelHotel New YorkDisney's Sequoia LodgeNewport Bay Club HotelDisney's Hotel CheyenneDisney's Hotel Santa Fe


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Kingdom Keepers Logo
Books
Kingdom KeepersKingdom Keepers I: Disney After DarkKingdom Keepers II: Disney at DawnKingdom Keepers III: Disney in ShadowKingdom Keepers IV: Power PlayKingdom Keepers V: Shell GameKingdom Keepers VI: Dark PassageKingdom Keepers VII: The Insider
Characters
Original Characters: Finn WhitmanCharlene TurnerTerrence MaybeckDell PhilbyIsabella AngeloWayne KreskyAmanda LockhartJessica LockhartMrs. Whitham • Wanda Alcott • Greg Luowski • Storey Ming • Bess Maybeck • Gladis Philby • Sally Ringwald • Dillard Cole • Hugo Montcliff • Mattie Weaver

Disney Characters: Mickey MouseMinnie MousePlutoArielViolet ParrMulanKing TritonMegaraStitchRemyDjangoRajahPrince PhillipElsaRapunzelTimonPumbaaChip and DaleGoofyTiggerLiloWinnie the PoohPiglet
Overtakers: MaleficentChernabogThe Evil QueenCruella De VilClaude FrolloUrsulaJafarShan YuJack SparrowTia DalmaGastonPrince JohnHorned KingBig Bad WolfJ. Worthington FoulfellowGideonShenzi, Banzai, and EdDiabloMagic BroomsGreen Army MenBlackbeardShere KhanSi and AmHopperFlotsam and JetsamJudge DoomMadame LeotaSaborThe Headless HorsemanStormtroopersScarZira

Locations
Magic KingdomEpcotDisney's Hollywood StudiosDisney's Animal KingdomTyphoon LagoonDisneyQuestCinderella Castle • Escher's Keep • It's a Small WorldSplash MountainThe New Adventures of Winnie the PoohBig Thunder Mountain RailroadCamp Minnie-MickeyExpedition EverestFantasmic!Voyage of the Little MermaidDisney DreamWalt Disney: One Man's DreamDisney's Animal Kingdom LodgeSoarin'Mission: SPACETest TrackWonders of LifeMorocco PavilionChina PavilionFrance PavilionNorway PavilionMexico PavilionDisneylandJungle CruiseThe Sorcerer's HatIndiana Jones Adventure: Temple of the Forbidden EyeBuzz Lightyear Astro BlastersThe Haunted MansionCasey Jr. Circus TrainToontownMatterhornThe Disney Gallery


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Disney Kingdoms Logo
Series
Seekers of the WeirdFigmentBig Thunder Mountain RailroadFigment 2The Haunted MansionEnchanted Tiki Room
Disney Characters
Candleman • DespoinaDreamfinderFigmentCumulus IsobarBarnabas T. BullionJason ChandlerGeorge WillikersCaptain GoreMadame LeotaConstance HatchawayHatbox GhostHitchhiking GhostsGhost HostJoséMichaelPierreFritzTangaroaMauiTangaroa-RuPeleRongoNgendeiHina KuluuaOrange Bird
Original Characters
Maxwell KeepMelody KeepArthur KeepEllen KeepRoland KeepReaper KingChimeraFyeChairman IllocrantSingularAbigail BullionCapricious HarmonySparkDoubtfinderDanny CroweSaoirse Bullion-O'Callaghan
Concepts
Museum of the WeirdJourney Into ImaginationBig Thunder Mountain RailroadThe Haunted MansionMatterhorn BobsledsThe Enchanted Tiki Room
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