Disney Channels Worldwide (officially ABC Cable Networks Group, Inc.) is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Television, a unit of Disney Media Networks, the division of The Walt Disney Company that operates various children's television channels around the world: Disney Channel, Disney XD, Disney Junior, Disney Cinemagic, Dlife, and Hungama TV. In addition, the division is responsible for operating Radio Disney and Disney Television Animation.

Disney Channel was originally established in the United States in April 1983 as a premium cable channel, and has since converted to a basic service; in addition, Disney Channel's programming has expanded internationally with the launch of various country-specific and regional versions of the channel, as well as program licensing agreements reached with television networks not bearing the Disney Channel brand.

History

Disney Channel, Inc.

On November 10, 1981, Walt Disney Productions and Westinghouse Broadcasting released that they had agreed to start a family-oriented cable television service. In 1982, Disney hired Alan Wagner to develop a cable channel. By July 15, 1982, Disney incorporated Walt Disney Entertainment, Inc. which was rename by January 28, 1983 to The Disney Channel, Inc. The channel, The Disney Channel, was launched in April 1983 with 16 hours of programming as a premium channel. The channel became profitable in January 1985, 20 months after launch. The channel moved into the home satellite dish market thus scrambling its signal. The channel started moving to the basic cable level on September 1, 1990 with TCI Montgomery Cablevision. In March 1995, the second Disney Channel began broadcasting in Taiwan while the third is launched in October for the United Kingdom.

By September 29, 1997, the corporate name was shorten to Disney Channel, Inc. In December 1997, the Toon Disney channel was announced as a basic channel consisting of Disney classic animation. As of April 1, 1998, most of the international version are pay channels while Taiwan and Malaysia are ad supported and the USA is a basic channel. The Toon Disney Channel was launched on April 18, 1998 on the Disney Channel's 15 anniversary.

ABC Cable Networks Group

Disney Channel, Inc. changed its name to ABC Cable Networks Group, Inc. by January 31, 2001. In October 2003, ABC Family Worldwide was changed from a Disney COO direct reporting unit to being within the ABC Cable Networks Group.

In January 2004, Fox Kids Europe, Fox Kids Latin America, and ABC Cable Networks Group agreed to the Jetix programming alliance that would rebrand Fox Kids as Jetix for all blocks, channels, and companies.

Disney Channels Worldwide

In November 2005, Barry Blumberg resigned as President of Walt Disney Television Animation as to allow the planned transfer of the TV animation into Disney Channels Worldwide.

In 2006, Disney TV India acquired Hungama TV from UTV Software Communications Limited Disney Cinemagic began broadcasting in the UK in March 2006 as the start to the launch of several Cinemagic channels including timeshift and HD versions across Western Europe. Disney XD (DXD) was launched on February 13, 2009, taking over the channel space of Toon Disney in the US, while Jetix switched over to DXD (or for some Disney Channel) starting with France on April 1. Also in April, the Walt Disney Co., Ltd. Japan started Broadcast Satellite Disney Co., Ltd. to broadcast a women and family targeted channel, Dlife, with licensed received in October 2010 and debuted on March 17, 2012.

Jetix Play was closed on August 1, 2010 in most countries, on September 1, 2010 in Turkey, and in Romania, it closed on March 12, 2011. In the most countries, the channel was replaced with Playhouse Disney.

On May 26, 2010, Disney–ABC Television Group announced the launch of Disney Junior, which would replace the Playhouse Disney morning block on sister network Disney Channel in February 2011, and extend to a standalone preschooler-oriented channel that would replace Soapnet in January 2012. All 22 Playhouse Disney channels and blocks outside the U.S. also were renamed to "Disney Junior" in 2011.

On March 28, 2013, Cinemagic was replaced in the UK market with Sky Movies Disney.

On May 7, 2015, Sky NZ and The Walt Disney Company announced the launch of Sky Movies Disney, dedicated to Disney family movies launching on July 1, 2015.

Worldwide Closures

With the decline in ratings of TV channels and rise in popularity of streaming services throughout the 2010s, and leading up to the launch of its Disney+ streaming service, several television channels from Disney Channels Worldwide began to shut down.

On December 1, 2018, it was announced that Disney XD will shut down in Australia and New Zealand on January 6, 2019 with the selection to move all shows to Disney Channel.

On October 1, 2019, the Italian Disney XD shut down alongside the italian counterparts of Fox Life, Fox Comedy, and Fox Animation, due to Disney not renewing its contract with Sky Italia, with this also being the main reason for eventual closure of the Italian counterparts of Disney Channel and Disney Junior.

On October 31, 2019, Sky Movies Disney in New Zealand was shut down.

On November 7, 2019, Disney ended its output agreement with Foxtel Movies. Foxtel Movies Disney was shut down and was replaced by Foxtel Movies Kids

On November 30, 2019, New Zealand's Disney and Disney Junior channels were shut down due to the launch of Disney+. However, Sky Movies Disney was replaced by the 24/7 version of Sky Movies Family.

On February 29, 2020, Australia's Disney and Disney Junior channels were shut down on Foxtel due to the launch of Disney+.

On March 31, 2020, Dlife, a women and family targeted channel of The Walt Disney Company Ltd. Japan and Disney Channels Worldwide, and through Broadcast Satellite Disney Co., Ltd., was officially shut down.

On April 1, 2020, Spain and Germany's Disney XD channels were permanently shut down, one week after the release of Disney+ on those countries, very likely to encourage consumers to move to the streaming service.

France's Disney XD was also planned be to shut down on the same day but due to Disney+ in France being delayed until April 7, 2020, the closure of the channel was delayed as well, only happening on the day of the release of the streaming service.

On April 30, 2020, by 23:50 PM AEST, the Australian Disney Channel and Disney Junior have permanently shut down, making this the first time a vanilla Disney Channel became completely defunct.

Shortly after, on May 1, 2020, by 0:00 AM CEST, the Italian Disney Channel and Disney Junior shut down permanently as well, and by 0:00 AM BST on the same day, Disney XD +1 on the UK became defunct too.

On June 1, 2020, by 0:00 AM, the Southeast Asian Disney Channel, Disney Junior, and Disney XD became unavailable in Singapore, despite the channels still being active in other countries.

On October 1, 2020 by 0:00 AM BST, Disney Channel, Disney XD, and Disney Junior in the UK were permanently shut down, due to Sky UK and Virgin Media declining to renew its carriage deal with Disney, with its content moving exclusively to Disney+.

On October 19, 2020 it was announced that Disney XD in Japan would shut down on January 31, 2021. The following day, it was also announced that Disney XD in Scandinavia would shut down on December 30, 2020.

Localization

The international channels brands the on-air look consistently to the Disney brand. Individual channel managers are allowed to develop schedules and marketing programs to allow for the children's preferences in the market. Additional, local programming is acquired that meet Disney's standards which is a difficult. After a program is successful in a market, the program's format may be developed for other Disney Channels' market viewing tastes.

Channels

Country Disney Channel Disney XD Disney Junior Other services Operator Source(s)
United States Yes Yes Yes East, West, HD, Radio Disney Disney CWW [1][2][3][4][1]
Canada Yes Yes (defunct) Yes HD, some shows move to TeleToon Corus Kids
Taiwan Yes No (As a block of Disney Channel) Yes HD [5]
UK
Ireland
Yes (defunct) Yes (defunct) Yes (defunct) HD, +1, Sky Movies Disney Disney Co. Ltd. (UK/Europe) [5][6][7][8][9]
Australia
New Zealand
Yes (defuntct) Yes (defunct) Yes (defuntct) Foxtel Movies Disney (Australia; now Foxtel Movies Kids; defunct)

Sky Movies Disney (New Zealand; defunct)

[5][10][11][12]
France
Belgium
Switzerland
Yes Yes (defunct) Yes HD, +1, Disney Cinemagic, Disney Nature TV Disney Co. France [5][13]
Arab World Yes Yes Yes HD, OSN Movies Disney Disney Co. Ltd. [5][14][15]
Spain Yes Yes (defunct) Yes +1, HD, Cinemagic , Cinemagic HD, Intereconomía TV Management Company Television
Net TV SA†
[5][16][17]
Italy Yes (defunct) Yes (defunct) Yes (defunct) HD, +1, +2, Mobile, Disney in English Disney Co. Italy [5][18]
Germany
Austria
Switzerland
Yes Yes (defunct) Yes HD, +1, Cinemagic Disney Co. (Germany) [5][19]
Latin America Yes Yes Yes HD (only in Brazil) [5][20][21]
Southeast Asia Yes Yes Yes HD [22]
Japan Yes Yes Yes Dlife [23][24][25][26]
Scandinavia Yes Yes Yes HD Disney Co. Ltd. [27][28][29][30][31]
Bulgaria Yes No Yes
Romania
Moldova
Yes No Yes
Netherlands
Flanders
Yes Yes Yes Jetix Europe Channels B.V. [32]
Czech Republic
Slovakia
Yes No Yes Disney [33]
Hungary Yes No Yes Disney Co. Ltd. [34]
Poland Yes Yes Yes Disney Co. Ltd. [35]
Turkey Yes Yes Yes Disney Co. Ltd. [36]
CIS Yes Yes Yes Disney Co. Ltd. [37]
Greece
Cyprus
Yes Yes Yes Disney [38]
Portugal Yes No Yes Disney Cinemagic, Cinemagic HD Disney Co. - Portugal [39]
India Yes Yes (defunct) Yes Hungama TV Disney TV India [40][41][42][43]
Africa Yes Yes (defunct) Yes [44][45][46]
South Korea Yes No Yes HD Television Media Korea [47][48][49]

† Management Company Television Net TV S.A. is owned by Vocento SA, The Walt Disney Company Iberia S.L. (20%), and Intereconomía Corporation SA. Which in addition to the Disney channels owns Intereconomia TV, a generalist channel.[16][17]

Southeast Asia

Disney Channel Asia was launched in January 2000 with a multi-language feed with an English main feed and dubbing and subtitling Mandarin. The channel became available in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, and the Philippines. On June 1, 2002, the channel was launched in the South Korea market with a Korea language feed. Over the first six months of 2005, Disney Channel Asia along with sister channel Playhouse Disney launched in Vietnam, Palau, and Thailand and finishing off with a launch of both in Cambodia, its 11th market, with Cambodia Entertainment Production Co. Ltd. as distributor.

China

Disney Channel was recently launched a channel in mainland China. However, many of its live-action and animated series are still syndicated on regional channels through ABC owned Dragon Club since 1994 to 2010. It also has a new website for China.

India

Previously, Disney programming was available through programming blocks starting as early as 1994 with Doordarshan then moving to Zee TV until the early 2001s. Disney moved its block to Sony Television for three years. Star TV pick up Disney TV blocks on Star One, Disney Time, and on Star Utsav.

In December 2004, Walt Disney Television International India launched a Toon Disney channel with three language feeds (English, Tamil, and Telugu) at the same time as the Disney Channel with Star TV network distributing the channels. Disney reached an agreement with Doordarshan (DD) in November 2005 for DD to carry a half hour block called Disney Jadoo. Thus Disney was up to four branded blocks in India.

Other services

Dlife

In April 2009, the Walt Disney Co., Ltd. Japan started Broadcast Satellite Disney Co., Ltd. to broadcast a women and family targeted channel, Dlife, with licensed received in October 2010 and debuted on March 17, 2012. In December 2013, Dlife launched a children's programming block called Disney Time. The channel was officially shut down on March 31, 2020.

Disney Time

Disney Time is a TV programming block in Japan. In 2005, Disney Time was airing from 6 to 7 PM on Star Plus in India. In December 2013, Dlife launched a children's programming block called Disney Time. The programming block in Japan, alongside Dlife, were shutdown on March 31, 2020.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "A Salute to Disney Channel: Disney Channel time line" (April 1, 1998). Retrieved on March 8, 2014.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ks" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Haugsted, Linda (January 7, 2009). "Disney XD Unwraps on Friday the 13th (Archive)". Retrieved on 2013-12-02.
  3. Schneider, Michael (January 9, 2012). "Disney Junior to replace Soapnet in March". Retrieved on January 9, 2012.
  4. Forrester, Chris (March 19, 2014). "Dish adds extra Disney HD channels". Retrieved on May 6, 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 "A Salute to Disney Channel: International: Vive le Mickey" (April 1, 1998). Retrieved on March 8, 2014. 
  6. "TV Channel: Disney Channel". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  7. "Sky Movies Disney: new channel to show UK TV film premieres". The Guardian (21 February 2013).
  8. "TV Channel: Disney Channel +1". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  9. "TV Channel: Disney Channel HD". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  10. Knox, David (24 February 2014). "Disney Movies, Disney XD join Foxtel". TV Tonight. Retrieved on 24 February 2014.
  11. Tim Addington. "Disney to launch Junior channel". B&T. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
  12. Knox, David (February 24, 2014). "Disney Movies, Disney XD join Foxtel". Retrieved on 24 February 2014. 
  13. "Company: THE WALT DISNEY COMPANY FRANCE SA". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  14. "TV Channel: Disney Channel Middle East (version in Arabic)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  15. "TV Channel: Disney Channel Middle East". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "TV Channel: Disney Channel España". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Company: SOCIEDAD GESTORA DE TELEVISION NET TV SA". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  18. "Company: THE WALT DISNEY COMPANY ITALIA SPA". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  19. "THE WALT DISNEY COMPANY (GERMANY) GMBH". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  20. "Disney Junior anuncia su nueva programación" (March 2011). Retrieved on May 9, 2014. 
  21. "ANMTV Exclusive: Disney XD arrives and bring you all programming" (in Spanish) (June 2009). Retrieved on 21 February 2014. 
  22. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named awn
  23. "Toon Disney and Jetix head for Japan" (August 31, 2005). Retrieved on March 12, 2014. 
  24. Schilling, Mark (June 7, 2009). "Disney XD to launch in Japan". Retrieved on April 24, 2014. 
  25. "What is Disney Junior?". Disney. Retrieved on May 8, 2014.
  26. Corporate information. Broadcast Satellite Disney Co., Ltd. Accessed on December 19, 2013.
  27. "TV Channel: Disney Channel Scandinavia (version in Norwegian)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  28. "TV Channel: Disney Channel Scandinavia (version in Danish)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  29. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (version in Croatian)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  30. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (version in Romanian)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  31. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (version in Bulgarian)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  32. "TV Channel: Disney Channel Nederland". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  33. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (version in Czech)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  34. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (version in Hungarian)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  35. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (version in Slovak)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  36. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (version in Slovenian)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  37. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (Russia)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  38. "TV Channel: Disney Channel (Greece)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  39. "TV Channel: Disney Channel Portugal". European Audiovisual Observatory. Retrieved on April 17, 2014.
  40. "Walt Disney channels to be distributed by STAR" (November 25, 2004). Retrieved on April 23, 2014. 
  41. "Disney Junior to find biz model in digital India" (November 21, 2012). Retrieved on May 8, 2014. 
  42. Leahy, Joe (September 13, 2006). "Disney switches on to Hindi market". Retrieved on May 11, 2014. 
  43. "Jetix rebrands to Disney XD in India" (November 12, 2009). Retrieved on April 9, 2014. 
  44. Nyathi, Audrey (May 11, 2011). "Lots of animation on new channel". Retrieved on May 19, 2014. 
  45. "Disney Junior Launches In Africa On Dstv" (June 2, 2011). Retrieved on May 19, 2014. 
  46. "Walt Disney launches new TV channel for kids in South Africa" (13 May 2011).
  47. "Disney Channel Korea Launch on July 1, 2011" (2011-06-24). Retrieved on 2011-06-24.
  48. Arrant, Chris (June 28, 2011). "Disney Channel Comes to South Korea". Retrieved on May 22, 2014. 
  49. http://disneyabctv.com/web/NewsRelease/DispDNR.aspx?id=051110_08 - THE WALT DISNEY COMPANY AND SK TELECOM ANNOUNCE INTENT TO FORM A JOINT VENTURE TO LAUNCH KOREAN-LANGUAGE DISNEY CHANNELS IN SOUTH KOREA, Disney-ABC Television Group, retr. 2010-05-13

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