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The Disney Package Film Era (also known as the Disney Wartime Era) refers to an era of the Disney Animated Canon during and immediately after World War II, when Walt Disney Productions temporarily ceased producing full-length animated features and instead produced package films.

The animated films released during this period are Saludos Amigos (1942/1943), The Three Caballeros (1944/1945), Make Mine Music (1946), Fun and Fancy Free (1947), Melody Time (1948), and The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949).

History

After the release of Bambi, Disney's production of full-length animated features was temporarily suspended. Given the financial failures of some of the recent features and World War II cutting off much of the overseas cinema market, the studio's financiers at the Bank of America would only loan the studio working capital if it temporarily restricted itself to shorts production. Then in-production features were therefore put on hold until after the war. Other issues affecting the studio at the time included the drafting of several Disney animators to fight in World War II, and the necessity for the studio to focus on producing wartime content for the U.S. Army, particularly military training and civilian propaganda films. From 1942 to 1943, 95 percent of the studio's animation output was for the military. During the war, Disney produced the live-action/animated military propaganda feature Victory Through Air Power (1943), and a series of Latin culture-themed shorts resulting from the 1941 Good Neighbor trip were compiled into two features, Saludos Amigos (1942/1943) and The Three Caballeros (1944/1945).

Saludos and Caballeros set the template for several other 1940s Disney releases of "package films": low-budgeted films composed of animated short subjects with animated or live-action bridging material. These films were Make Mine Music (1946), Fun and Fancy Free (1947), Melody Time (1948), and The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949). The studio also produced two features, Song of the South (1946) and So Dear to My Heart (1948/1949), which used more expansive live-action stories which still included animated sequences and sequences combining live-action and animated characters.


See also


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Walt Disney Animation Studios (Disney Animated Canon)
Disney Golden Age: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) · Pinocchio (1940) · Fantasia (1940) · Dumbo (1941) · Bambi (1942)

Disney Package Film Era: Saludos Amigos (1942) · The Three Caballeros (1944) · Make Mine Music (1946) · Fun and Fancy Free (1947) · Melody Time (1948) · The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949)
Disney Silver Age: Cinderella (1950) · Alice in Wonderland (1951) · Peter Pan (1953) · Lady and the Tramp (1955) · Sleeping Beauty (1959) · One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961) · The Sword in the Stone (1963) · The Jungle Book (1967)
Disney Bronze Age: The Aristocats (1970) · Robin Hood (1973) · The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (1977) · The Rescuers (1977) · The Fox and the Hound (1981) · The Black Cauldron (1985) · The Great Mouse Detective (1986) · Oliver & Company (1988)
Disney Renaissance: The Little Mermaid (1989) · The Rescuers Down Under (1990) · Beauty and the Beast (1991) · Aladdin (1992) · The Lion King (1994) · Pocahontas (1995) · The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) · Hercules (1997) · Mulan (1998) · Tarzan (1999)
Disney Post-Renaissance: Fantasia 2000 (1999) · Dinosaur (2000) · The Emperor's New Groove (2000) · Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001) · Lilo & Stitch (2002) · Treasure Planet (2002) · Brother Bear (2003) · Home on the Range (2004) · Chicken Little (2005) · Meet the Robinsons (2007)
Disney Revival: Bolt (2008) · The Princess and the Frog (2009) · Tangled (2010) · Winnie the Pooh (2011) · Wreck-It Ralph (2012) · Frozen (2013) · Big Hero 6 (2014) · Zootopia (2016) · Moana (2016) · Ralph Breaks the Internet (2018) · Frozen II (2019)
Upcoming: Raya and the Last Dragon (2021) · Encanto (2021)

Pixar
Toy Story (1995) · A Bug's Life (1998) · Toy Story 2 (1999) · Monsters, Inc. (2001) ·Finding Nemo (2003) · The Incredibles (2004) · Cars (2006) · Ratatouille (2007) · WALL-E (2008) · Up (2009) · Toy Story 3 (2010) · Cars 2 (2011) · Brave (2012) · Monsters University (2013) · Inside Out (2015) · The Good Dinosaur (2015) · Finding Dory (2016) . Cars 3 (2017) · Coco (2017) · Incredibles 2 (2018) · Toy Story 4 (2019) · Onward (2020)

Upcoming: Soul (2020) · Luca (2021)

Disneytoon Studios
DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp (1990) · A Goofy Movie (1995) · Doug's 1st Movie (1999) · The Tigger Movie (2000) · Recess: School's Out (2001) · Peter Pan: Return to Never Land (2002) · The Jungle Book 2 (2003) · Piglet's Big Movie (2003) · Teacher's Pet (2004) · Pooh's Heffalump Movie (2005) · Tinker Bell (2008) · Tinker Bell and the Lost Treasure (2009) · Tinker Bell and the Great Fairy Rescue (2010) · Secret of the Wings (2012) · Planes (2013) · The Pirate Fairy (2014) · Planes: Fire & Rescue (2014) · Tinker Bell and the Legend of the NeverBeast (2015)
Lucasfilm Animation Studios
Strange Magic (2015)
Live-Action Films with Non-CG Animation
The Reluctant Dragon (1941) · Victory Through Air Power (1943) · Song of the South (1946) · So Dear to My Heart (1949) ·Mary Poppins (1964) · Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) · Pete's Dragon (1977) · Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) ·James and the Giant Peach (1996) · Enchanted (2007) · Mary Poppins Returns (2018)
Animated Films Distributed by Disney
The Brave Little Toaster (1987) · The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) · Valiant (2005) · The Wild (2006) · A Christmas Carol (2009) · Mars Needs Moms (2011) · Frankenweenie (2012)
Studio Ghibli Films Distributed by Disney
Princess Mononoke (1997) · Spirited Away (2001) · Howl's Moving Castle (2004) · Tales from Earthsea (2006) · Ponyo (2008) · The Secret World of Arietty (2010) · The Wind Rises (2013)


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Media
Saludos Amigos (Video) (Soundtrack) • The Three Caballeros (Video) (Soundtrack) • Walt Disney anthology seriesHouse of MouseMickey and the Roadster RacersSouth of the Border with DisneyWalt & El GrupoLegend of the Three Caballeros

Books: The Penguin That Hated the ColdThe Three Caballeros Ride AgainThe Magnificent Seven (Minus 4) CaballerosSouth of the Border with Disney: Walt Disney and the Good Neighbor Program, 1941-1948
Segments: El Gaucho GoofyAquarela do BrasilPedroLake TiticacaThe Cold-Blooded PenguinThe Flying GauchitoBaíaLas PosadasMexico: Pátzcuaro, Veracuz and AcapulcoDonald's Surreal Reverie

Disney Parks
Gran Fiesta Tour Starring The Three CaballerosIt's a Small WorldMickey Mouse Revue

Entertainment: Let's Party Gras!Max LIVE: Gettin’ Goofy With It
Restaurants: Mickey & Pals Market Café
Parade: Disney's Party ExpressMickey's Soundsational Parade
Firework: Wonderful World of Animation
Spring: Fashionable Easter
Summer: Soryo Kobu
Halloween: Goofy's Skeletoons Street Party
Christmas: Mickey's Most Merriest CelebrationWorld of Color: Season of Light

Characters
Saludos Amigos: Donald DuckPedroMama PlanePapa PlaneAconcaguaGoofyJosé Carioca
The Three Caballeros: Panchito PistolesPabloPenguinsAracuan BirdBurritoFlying GauchitoYayaToy Bull

Members of the Saludos Amigos Artist Tour: Walt DisneyFrank ThomasLee BlairMary BlairNorman Ferguson
Legend of the Three Caballeros: XandraDaisy DuckApril, May, and JuneBaron Von SheldgooseLord Felldrake SheldgooseLeopold the HorribleHumphrey the BearEugenia Ferdinand-FerdinandClinton CootPeteSpike the BeeGaryDapper DuckGeorge WashingtonAbraham LincolnThomas JeffersonTeddy RooseveltKing ArthurMerlin

Episodes
Legend of the Three Caballeros
"Dope-a Cabana" • "Labyrinth and Repeat" • "Pyramid-Life Crisis" • "World Tree Caballeros" • "No Man Is an Easter Island" • "Stonehenge Your Bets" • "Mount Rushmore or Less" • "Nazca Racing" • "Mexico à Go-Go" • "Mt. Fuji Whiz" • "Thanks a Camelot" • "Shangri-La-Di-Da" • "Sheldgoose Square Dance"
Songs
Saludos Amigos: Saludos AmigosLa Blanca PalomaEscravos de Jó Aquarela do BrasilTico-Tico no Fubá
The Three Caballeros: BaíaHave You Been to Baía?Pandeiro & FluteOs Quindins de YayáThe Three CaballerosLas PosadasMexicoJarabe PateñoLilongoYou Belong to My HeartLa ZandungaJesusita en Chihuahua
Legend of the Three Caballeros: Moai VacationGoblin JailDraw the Line
Others: We Are The Three CaballerosMy Name is PanchitoPagode na Disney
Locations
South AmericaBrazilMexicoArgentinaChilePeruUruguay
Deleted Concepts
Pluto and the ArmadilloThe Laughing GauchitoCaxangaCuban CarnivalThe Hornero BirdBlame It on the SambaMiguelito Maracas


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Media
Make Mine MusicCasey Bats AgainHouse of MouseVideo

Segments: The Martins and the CoysBlue BayouAll the Cats Join InWithout YouCasey at the Bat Two SilhouettesPeter and the WolfAfter You've GoneJohnny Fedora and Alice Blue BonnetWillie the Operatic Whale

Disney Parks
Games of the BoardwalkLe Pays des Contes de FéesWonderful World of Animation

Restaurants: Casey's Corner

Characters
Henry CoyGrace MartinEgret CoupleCaseyLadies from the StandTeenagersPeterSashaSoniaIvanPeter's GrandfatherMisha, Yasha, and VladimirWolfClarinetJohnny FedoraAlice Blue BonnetWillie the WhaleWhiteyTetti-TattiTetti-Tatti's Sailors
Locations
Ocean • New York CityRussia
Songs
Make Mine MusicThe Martins and the CoysBlue BayouAll the Cats Join InWithout YouCasey (The Pride of Them All)Two SilhouettesJohnny Fedora and Alice Blue Bonnet


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Media
Fun and Fancy FreeHouse of MouseDisney Infinity: 2.0 EditionVideo

Segments: BongoMickey and the Beanstalk

Disney Parks
Sir Mickey's
Characters
Mickey MouseDonald DuckGoofyJiminy CricketWillie the GiantGolden HarpBongoLulubelleLumpjaw
Locations
Happy ValleyWillie's castleBeanstalk
Songs
Fun and Fancy FreeI'm a Happy-Go-Lucky FellowLazy CountrysideToo Good to be TrueSay It With a SlapMy, What a Happy DayEat Until I DieFee-Fi-Fo-FumMy Favorite Dream


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Melody Time Logo.png
Media
Melody TimeHouse of MouseVideo

Segments: Once Upon a WintertimeBumble BoogieThe Legend of Johnny AppleseedLittle TootTreesBlame It on the SambaPecos Bill

Disney Parks
Pecos Bill Tall Tale Inn & CafeWonderful World of Animation
Characters
Master of CeremoniesJoeJennyBumbleJohnny AppleseedJohnny's AngelLittle TootBig TootDonald DuckJosé CariocaAracuan BirdPecos BillSlue-Foot SueWidowmakerVultures
Locations
New York CityTexasSouth America
Songs
Melody TimeOnce Upon a WintertimeThe Lord is Good to MeGet on the Wagon Rolling WestThere's a Lot of Work Out There to DoApple FeastLittle TootTreesBlame It on the SambaBlue Shadows on the TrailSweet SuePecos Bill


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Media
The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (The Wind in the WillowsThe Legend of Sleepy Hollow) • VideoMickey's Christmas Carol
Disney Parks
Mr. Toad's Wild RideStorybook Land Canal Boats

Restaurants: Toad Hall Restaurant
Firework: Wonderful World of Animation
Halloween: Frightfully Fun ParadeGlow in the Park Halloween ParadeMickey's Boo-to-You Halloween ParadeThe Revenge of the Headless Horseman

Characters
J. Thaddeus ToadCyril ProudbottomRattyMoleAngus MacBadgerMr. WinkieWeaselsIchabod CraneKatrina Van TasselBrom BonesTildaBaltus Van TasselGunpowderDaredevilThe Headless Horseman
Songs
The Merrily SongIchabod CraneKatrinaHeadless Horseman
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