Fox Searchlight Pictures, Inc. is an American independent film studio that is a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Studios, a division of The Walt Disney Company. As a sister studio company of the larger film studio 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight specializes in North American production of independent European and British films alongside dramedy and horror films, as well as art-house and foreign films and is sometimes also involved in the financing of these films. Fox Searchlight's Slumdog Millionaire, 12 Years a Slave, Birdman, and The Shape of Water have all won the Academy Award for Best Picture, as well as a further 15 Academy Awards combined. Other Fox Searchlight films receiving Best Picture nominations include The Full Monty, Sideways, Little Miss Sunshine, Juno, Black Swan, 127 Hours, The Tree of Life, The Descendants, Beasts of the Southern Wild, The Grand Budapest Hotel, Brooklyn, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, and The Favourite.
Fox Searchlight Pictures was founded in 1994 by Thomas Rothman. From 1982 to 1985, prior to the creation of Searchlight, Fox previously released independent films and specialty releases under the banner of 20th Century-Fox International Classics, later renamed 20th Century-Fox Specialized Film Division, then TLC Films. The most notable of the releases under these banners include Bill Cosby: Himself, Eating Raoul, The Gods Must Be Crazy, Reuben, Reuben, and Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars. Fox Searchlight Pictures is one of the Fox film studios that was acquired by Disney on March 20, 2019.