John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson is an American actor, film director, producer, and writer, who is best known for playing a wide range of starring or supporting roles, including satirical comedy, romance and dark portrayals of excitable and psychopathic characters. He is well-known for his roles as Jack Torrance in the 1980 psychological horror film, The Shining, Jack Napier/The Joker in Tim Burton's 1989 superhero film, Batman, President James Dale in Burton's Mars Attacks!, and Francis "Frank" Costello in the 2006 crime thriller film ,The Departed. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice for his roles in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and As Good as It Gets, and also won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Terms of Endearment.
He is also the father of Lorraine Nicholson.
He retired from acting in 2010, his last film being How Do You Know.