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{{Infobox Real Person
 
{{Infobox Real Person
 
|image = Jimmy MacDonald.jpg
 
|image = Jimmy MacDonald.jpg
|born = John James MacDonald<br>[[May 19]], [[1906]]<br>Dundee, [[Scotland]], [[United Kingdom|U.K.]]
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|born = John James MacDonald<br>[[May 19]], [[Pre-1922|1906]]<br>Dundee, [[Scotland]], [[United Kingdom]]
|died = [[February 1]], [[1991]] (aged 84)<br>Glendale, [[California]], [[United States|U.S.]]
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|died = [[February 1]], [[1991]] (aged 84)<br>Glendale, [[California]], [[United States]]
 
|cause of death = Heart failure
 
|cause of death = Heart failure
|nationality = [[File:Flag of Scotland.svg.png|20px]] Scottish<br>[[File:Flag of the United States.png|20px]] American
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|nationality = [[File:Flag of Scotland.png|20px]] Scottish<br>[[File:Flag of the United States.png|20px]] American
 
|occupation(s) = Foley artist, animator, voice actor, musician, original head of the Disney sound effects department
 
|occupation(s) = Foley artist, animator, voice actor, musician, original head of the Disney sound effects department
 
|years active = [[1934]]-[[1977]]
 
|years active = [[1934]]-[[1977]]
|spouse = Roberta Cullen (?-[[1991]]; his death)<ref>http://www.nytimes.com/1991/02/08/obituaries/james-macdonald-84-mickey-mouse-s-voice.html</ref>}}'''Jimmy MacDonald''' was a Scottish-born American foley artist, animator, voice actor, musician, and the original head of the [[The Walt Disney Company|Disney]] sound effects department. He was also the voice of [[Mickey Mouse]] from [[1947]] to [[1977]].
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|spouse = Roberta Cullen (?-[[1991]]; his death)<ref>http://www.nytimes.com/1991/02/08/obituaries/james-macdonald-84-mickey-mouse-s-voice.html</ref>
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}}
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'''James "Jimmy" MacDonald''' was a Scottish-born American foley artist, animator, voice actor, musician, and the original head of [[Walt Disney Productions]]' sound effects department. He was also the voice of [[Mickey Mouse]] from [[1947]] to [[1977]].
   
 
In addition to directing sounds for animated shorts as aurally complicated as ''[[Mickey's Trailer]]'', he developed many original inventions and contraptions to achieve expressive sounds for characters like [[Evinrude]] the dragonfly from ''[[The Rescuers]]'', [[The Bees|the bees]] in ''[[Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree]]'', and Spike the bee who gets to the best of [[Donald Duck]] in the 1950s cartoon shorts.
 
In addition to directing sounds for animated shorts as aurally complicated as ''[[Mickey's Trailer]]'', he developed many original inventions and contraptions to achieve expressive sounds for characters like [[Evinrude]] the dragonfly from ''[[The Rescuers]]'', [[The Bees|the bees]] in ''[[Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree]]'', and Spike the bee who gets to the best of [[Donald Duck]] in the 1950s cartoon shorts.
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MacDonald also added voice effects, like on-screen humming for [[Kirk Douglas]] in ''[[20,000 Leagues Under the Sea]]'' and chipmunk chatter from various [[Chip and Dale]] cartoons starting with ''[[Private Pluto]]''.
 
MacDonald also added voice effects, like on-screen humming for [[Kirk Douglas]] in ''[[20,000 Leagues Under the Sea]]'' and chipmunk chatter from various [[Chip and Dale]] cartoons starting with ''[[Private Pluto]]''.
   
By [[1947]], [[Walt Disney]] was getting too busy and too hoarse from smoking to continue voicing Mickey Mouse, so he was replaced by MacDonald, after the film ''[[Fun and Fancy Free]]''. (A common misconception is that MacDonald had voiced additional dialogue shared with Disney in that film.) MacDonald voiced the mouse on a regular basis until [[1953]] (Disney had briefly taken over for ''[[The Mickey Mouse Club]]'') and a recurring one until his retirment in [[1977]], when he was replaced by young Disney sound effects man [[Wayne Allwine]] for ''The New Mickey Mouse Club''; Allwine's first theatrical role for Mickey was in ''[[Mickey's Christmas Carol]]''.
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By [[1947]], [[Walt Disney]] was getting too busy and too hoarse from smoking to continue voicing Mickey Mouse, so he was replaced by MacDonald, after the film ''[[Fun and Fancy Free]]''. (A common misconception is that MacDonald had voiced additional dialogue shared with Disney in that film.) MacDonald voiced the mouse on a regular basis until [[1953]] (Disney had briefly taken over for ''[[The Mickey Mouse Club]]'') and a recurring one until his retirement in [[1977]], when he was replaced by young Disney sound effects man [[Wayne Allwine]] for ''The New Mickey Mouse Club''; Allwine's first theatrical role for Mickey was in ''[[Mickey's Christmas Carol]]''.
   
 
MacDonald was also the voice of [[Goofy]] at one time, where he provided his voice in the 1960s Disney record album ''Donald Duck and His Friends''.
 
MacDonald was also the voice of [[Goofy]] at one time, where he provided his voice in the 1960s Disney record album ''Donald Duck and His Friends''.
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==Disney Roles==
 
==Disney Roles==
 
<gallery position="center" captionalign="center" spacing="small" widths="150">
 
<gallery position="center" captionalign="center" spacing="small" widths="150">
kit-imprimible-candy-bar-varios-personajes-a-eleccion-5714-MLA4995949056 092013-F.jpg|[[Mickey Mouse]] (1947–1977)
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kit-imprimible-candy-bar-varios-personajes-a-eleccion-5714-MLA4995949056 092013-F.jpg|'''[[Mickey Mouse]]'''<br>(1947–1977)
Pluto8.jpg|[[Pluto]] (briefly)
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Pluto8.jpg|'''[[Pluto]]'''<br>(briefly)
Apr189.gif|[[Goofy]] (1960)<ref>http://voicechasers.com/database/showprod.php?prodid=3929</ref>
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Apr189.gif|'''[[Goofy]]'''<br>(1960)<ref>http://voicechasers.com/database/showprod.php?prodid=3929</ref>
599933-dopey large.jpg|[[Dopey]] (some vocal effects)
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599933-dopey large.jpg|'''[[Dopey]]''' (some vocal effects)<br>(''[[Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs]]'')
Sneezy transparent.png|[[Sneezy]] (additional vocal work)
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Sneezy transparent.png|'''[[Sneezy]]''' (additional sounds)<br>(''[[Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs]]'')
Bigbadwolf.png|[[Big Bad Wolf]] (1958)
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Bigbadwolf.png|'''[[Big Bad Wolf]]'''<br>(1958)
Chip.png|[[Chip and Dale|Chip]] (1947–1960)
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Donald Duck and the Gorilla 1249571376 1 1944.jpg|'''[[Ajax the Gorilla]]'''<br>(''[[Donald Duck and the Gorilla]]'')
Jaq and Gus.jpg|[[Jaq and Gus]] (1950, 1954)
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Badwolf.jpg|'''[[Wolf (Make Mine Music)|Wolf]]'''<br>(''[[Make Mine Music]]'' and ''[[Lambert the Sheepish Lion]]'')
darrel.jpg|[[Dormouse]] (1951)
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Chip.png|'''[[Chip and Dale|Chip]]'''<br>(1947–1960)
Aw4.png|[[Flamingos]] (1951)
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Fun-disneyscreencaps com-1076.jpg|'''[[Bongo the Bear]]'''<br>(''[[Fun and Fancy Free]]'')
humphrey bear.jpg|[[Humphrey the Bear]] (1950-1956)
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Fun-disneyscreencaps com-2887.jpg|'''[[Lumpjaw]]'''<br>(''[[Fun and Fancy Free]]'')
PPDE tattoos FI-008 (1).png|[[Tick-Tock the Crocodile]] (snapping)
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Dolores-elephant.jpg|'''[[Dolores the Elephant]]'''<br>(1948-1953)
Louiethelion.PNG|[[Louie the Mountain Lion]] (1951-1952)
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humphrey bear.jpg|'''[[Humphrey the Bear]]'''<br>(1950-1956)
Donald Duck and the Gorilla 1249571376 1 1944.jpg|[[Ajax the Gorilla]] (''[[Donald Duck and the Gorilla]]'')
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Jaq and Gus.jpg|'''[[Jaq and Gus]]'''<br>(original film, ''[[Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse's Birthday Party]]'', archival recordings)
Dolores-elephant.jpg|[[Dolores the Elephant]] (1948-1953)
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darrel.jpg|'''[[Dormouse]]'''<br>(1951)
Fun-disneyscreencaps com-1076.jpg|[[Bongo the Bear]] (1947)
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Aw4.png|'''[[Flamingos]]'''<br>(1951)
Fun-disneyscreencaps com-2887.jpg|[[Lumpjaw]] (1947)
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PPDE tattoos FI-008 (1).png|'''[[Tick-Tock the Crocodile]]'''<br>(snapping)
The Wolf (The Sword in the Stone).png|[[Wolf (The Sword in the Stone)|Wolf]] (''[[The Sword in the Stone]]'')
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Louiethelion.PNG|'''[[Louie the Mountain Lion]]'''<br>(''[[Lion Down]]'' and ''[[Father's Lion]]'')
Badwolf.jpg|[[Wolf (Make Mine Music)|Wolf]] (''[[Make Mine Music]]'')
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The Wolf (The Sword in the Stone).png|'''[[Wolf (The Sword in the Stone)|Wolf]]'''<br>(''[[The Sword in the Stone]]'')
Winnie-the-pooh-disneyscreencaps.com-1300.jpg|[[The Bees]] (1966)
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Winnie-the-pooh-disneyscreencaps.com-1300.jpg|'''[[The Bees]]'''<br>(1966)
Willie the Giant.jpg|[[Willie the Giant]] ([[1963]])
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Willie the Giant.jpg|'''[[Willie the Giant]]'''<br>([[1963]])
4822-35.jpg|[[Ned Land]] (humming vocal only)
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4822-35.jpg|'''[[Ned Land]]'''<br>(humming vocal only)
Bagheera depromo.png|[[Bagheera]] (original film; vocal effects)
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Bagheera depromo.png|'''[[Bagheera]]'''<br>(original film; vocal effects)
Shere Khan.png|[[Shere Khan]] (original film; vocal effects)
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Shere Khan.png|'''[[Shere Khan]]'''<br>(original film; vocal effects)
Tumblr nande2VPgs1r3jmn6o1 1280.png|[[Evinrude]] (''[[The Rescuers]]'')
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Tumblr nande2VPgs1r3jmn6o1 1280.png|'''[[Evinrude]]'''<br>(''[[The Rescuers]]'')
Herbie.png|[[Herbie]] (''[[The Love Bug]]'')
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Herbie.png|'''[[Herbie]]'''<br>(''[[The Love Bug]]'')
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Foxandthehound648.jpg|'''[[The Bear]]''' (growls)<br>(''[[The Fox and the Hound]]'')
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
   
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==References==
 
==References==
{{Reflist}}
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{{Reflist}}{{DEFAULTSORT:MacDonald, Jimmy}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:MacDonald, Jimmy}}
 
 
[[nl:Jimmy MacDonald]]
 
[[nl:Jimmy MacDonald]]
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[[pt-br:Jimmy MacDonald]]
 
[[Category:Deceased]]
 
[[Category:Deceased]]
 
[[Category:Males]]
 
[[Category:Males]]
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[[Category:Voice actors]]
 
[[Category:Voice actors]]
 
[[Category:Musicians]]
 
[[Category:Musicians]]
[[Category:1990s deaths]]
 
 
[[Category:1900s births]]
 
[[Category:1900s births]]
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[[Category:1990s deaths]]
 
[[Category:Annie Award Winner]]
 
[[Category:Annie Award Winner]]
 
[[Category:Napoleon and Samantha]]
 
[[Category:Napoleon and Samantha]]
[[Category:British voice actors]]
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[[Category:British people]]
[[Category:British actors]]
 
 
[[Category:Actors]]
 
[[Category:Actors]]
 
[[Category:Animators]]
 
[[Category:Animators]]
[[Category:American animators]]
 
 
[[Category:Disney Golden Age]]
 
[[Category:Disney Golden Age]]
 
[[Category:Disney Dark Age]]
 
[[Category:Disney Dark Age]]
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[[Category:Mickey Mouse Voice Actors]]
 
[[Category:Mickey Mouse Voice Actors]]
 
[[Category:Singers]]
 
[[Category:Singers]]
[[Category:European actors]]
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[[Category:European people]]
 
[[Category:Toby Tyler]]
 
[[Category:Toby Tyler]]
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[[Category:The Love Bug]]
 
[[Category:The Jungle Book]]
 
[[Category:The Jungle Book]]
 
[[Category:Wreck-It Ralph]]
 
[[Category:Wreck-It Ralph]]
[[Category:The Love Bug]]
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[[Category:American people]]

Revision as of 11:33, January 5, 2020

 

James "Jimmy" MacDonald was a Scottish-born American foley artist, animator, voice actor, musician, and the original head of Walt Disney Productions' sound effects department. He was also the voice of Mickey Mouse from 1947 to 1977.

In addition to directing sounds for animated shorts as aurally complicated as Mickey's Trailer, he developed many original inventions and contraptions to achieve expressive sounds for characters like Evinrude the dragonfly from The Rescuers, the bees in Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree, and Spike the bee who gets to the best of Donald Duck in the 1950s cartoon shorts.

MacDonald also added voice effects, like on-screen humming for Kirk Douglas in 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and chipmunk chatter from various Chip and Dale cartoons starting with Private Pluto.

By 1947, Walt Disney was getting too busy and too hoarse from smoking to continue voicing Mickey Mouse, so he was replaced by MacDonald, after the film Fun and Fancy Free. (A common misconception is that MacDonald had voiced additional dialogue shared with Disney in that film.) MacDonald voiced the mouse on a regular basis until 1953 (Disney had briefly taken over for The Mickey Mouse Club) and a recurring one until his retirement in 1977, when he was replaced by young Disney sound effects man Wayne Allwine for The New Mickey Mouse Club; Allwine's first theatrical role for Mickey was in Mickey's Christmas Carol.

MacDonald was also the voice of Goofy at one time, where he provided his voice in the 1960s Disney record album Donald Duck and His Friends.

MacDonald also provided the voice for Jaq and Gus in Cinderella and Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse's Birthday Party, the Dormouse and Flamingos in Alice in Wonderland, Humphrey the Bear, and the Wolf in The Sword in the Stone. He also appeared in Toby Tyler as a circus band drummer, but was uncredited.

MacDonald had also played drums for the Firehouse Five Plus Two jazz band on and off from its inception until it disbanded in the early 1970s.

His chimney lamp growls would later be reused for the 1987 Tri-Star live action feature, The Monster Squad, as the stock growling for the Wolfman.

Disney Roles

Gallery

References

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