Following a violent windstorm on the coast of Maine, lumberjack Cal McNab spots a giant cradle on the beach containing a giant baby boy. The town adopts and raises the boy, giving him the name Paul Bunyan. One Christmas, the town gives Paul a double-bladed axe to help chop down timber. Paul's work clears open land and allows for the town's expansion of buildings. Unfortunately, Paul is too big for it and decides to move out west, with a letter reading:
- Dear Folks. Thanks for everything. I'm going west where there's lots of trees and plenty of room. Love, Paul. P.S. I'll write soon.
Paul continues to help clear land for farmers (including Chris Crosshaul) in the midwest. During a cold blizzard, Paul rescues a giant ox that has instantly become frozen, turning blue from the cold. Paul adopts the ox and names him Babe. During the following spring, Paul and Babe's footprints through the snow filled up with water and became known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes." Paul eventually clears the trees from North and South Dakota, digs the Missouri River to flow the logs downstream to the sawmills, and builds Pike's Peak as a lookout. He creates the Grand Tetons while playing rough with Babe, and makes Yellowstone Falls as a shower bath.
Paul's work creates the career of logging, in which ordinary men follow suit with their axes. However, soon a slick-talking salesman named Joe Muffaw encourages the loggers to forget that work and "be modern" by using gas-powered chainsaws and a steam train to transport the timber (up until this point Babe would carry the timber to market on his back). Paul protests that nothing can replace the heart and soul of himself and Babe, and the men decide to host a tournament with only one rule, whomever creates the highest pile of lumber at the end of one's day work will be declared the superior logger, and the men will adopt the ways of the winner. Paul and Joe work tirelessly throughout the tournament, with Babe furiously racing against the steam train. When time is up, the referee, Shot Gunderson, measures Paul Bunyan's pile as 240 feet, and the men cheer. The referee then measures Joe's pile as 240 feet...and one quarter inch. Although most of the men do not think that quarter of an inch was a big deal, the rule was whomever made the highest pile, thus Joe wins. Paul and Babe despondently walk off into the sunset, never to return, but one of the men decides to record the legend of Paul Bunyan and Babe for posterity's sake. Some say they went up to Alaska, and their playful wrestling is what causes the Aurora Borealis in the night sky.
- Bob Amsberry - Joe Muffaw
- Parley Baer - Prologue Narrator, Chris Crosshaul
- Ken Christy - Shot Gunderson
- Dallas McKennon - Cal McNab
- Thurl Ravenscroft - Paul Bunyan
- Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color, episode #9.14: "Three Tall Tales"
- The Mouse Factory, episode #2.2: "Paul Bunyan"
- Good Morning, Mickey, episode #74
- American Folk Heroes
- Donald's Quack Attack, episode #25
- Sing Me a Story with Belle, episode #1: "Folk Heroes"
- The Ink and Paint Club, episode #1.57: "From Zero to Hero"
- American Heroes: Featuring Paul Bunyan and Pecos Bill
- Disney Favorite Stories: Paul Bunyan
- Disney's American Legends
- Walt Disney Treasures: Disney Rarities
- Walt Disney Animation Collection: Classic Short Films: The Tortoise and the Hare
- Disney's American Legends
- Footage of this short was used in "Folk Heroes" on Sing Me a Story with Belle and in several songs from Disney Sing Along Songs: Little Patch of Heaven, such as "Home on the Range", "Oh, Susanna!" and "The Farmer in the Dell".
- In the 1996 Disney Favorite Stories promo, the title card music plays over footage from The Wind in the Willows, as Brian Cummings says "...drives his friends wild."