Joseph Rudyard Kipling 30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936) was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist. He was born in India, which inspired much of his work.

Kipling's works of fiction include The Jungle Book (1894), Kim (1901), and many short stories, including "The Man Who Would Be King" (1888).  His poems include "Mandalay" (1890), "Gunga Din" (1890), "The Gods of the Copybook Headings" (1919), "The White Man's Burden" (1899), and "If—" (1910). Kipling is regarded as a major innovator in the art of the short story.  

His 1894 epic, The Jungle Book was first adapted into a live action film in 1941 and then, most famously by Walt Disney in 1967, becoming the biggest grossing film of that year. The animated film would subsequently spawn numerous sequels and remakes over the ensuing decades.  

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