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The Legend of Sleepy Hollow is a segment of The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad, a 1949 animated adaptation produced by Walt Disney, and narrated by Bing Crosby. It is an animated cartoon adaptation of the story, paired with a similar treatment of Kenneth Grahame's The Wind in the Willows. It premiered without The Wind and the Willows as part of an episode of Disneyland on October 26, 1955 featuring Walt hosting a short biography of Washington Irving. It was reissued as a stand-alone short on November 26, 1958.


The story of Ichabod Crane and the Headless Horseman, based on Washington Irving's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (narrated by Bing Crosby). The gangly and lanky Ichabod Crane is the new schoolmaster in Sleepy Hollow. His somewhat odd behavior makes him the ridicule of the rambunctious and robust town bully Brom Bones, who rides Daredevil, his horse. Despite his odd appearance, Ichabod quickly proves to be a ladies' man charming all the eligible local maidens. Finally, however, Ichabod discovers the town beauty, Katrina Van Tassel. Katrina is the beautiful young daughter of Baltus Van Tassel, the wealthiest farmer in the area, and Brom's intended. Katrina is a coquette by nature, but sees Ichabod as an opportunity to break from the monotony of Brom scaring away every other potential suitor. Ichabod has his eye on the Van Tassel wealth and is infatuated by Katrina's beauty and grace as well.

After a number of comically unsuccessful efforts by Brom to dispose of Ichabod, who has arrived at the party on his old plowhorse, Gunpowder, a borrowed broken down plowhorse, including a scene at the Van Tassel's Halloween party where he tries to switch his short overweight dance partner Tilda with Katrina, the situation changed when Brom decides to take advantage of Ichabod's strong superstitions. Brom musically tells the tale of the Headless Horseman to frighten the terrified schoolteacher. That Halloween night while riding along on Gunpowder, Ichabod's lonely ride home becomes exceedingly frightening because of his exposure to the possibility of encountering the ghost. The atmosphere of fear increases in intensity until it breaks the tension at a false alarm, whereupon Ichabod and Gunpowder laugh hysterically in relief. Immediately, the true (?) Headless Horseman appears, laughing maniacally, riding a large black horse that bore a strong resemblance to Daredevil, who is owned by Brom. Then follows a spectacular chase scene wherein the visually impressive Horseman pursues Ichabod with wild abandon, only to be deterred when Ichabod crosses a bridge near the local Dutch graveyard (the bridge being the point beyond which the horseman can't go, according to the tale). Ichabod quickly casts a look behind, hoping to see The Ghostly Horseman vanish in a flash of fire and brimstone. Instead, the schoolmaster sees the ghastly ghoul rising in his stirrups, and hurling his own severed head (shown to actually be a fiery Jack-o'-lantern), at the schoolmaster. Ichabod tries to dodge the terrible missile, but is too late when the Jack-o'-lantern is seemingly hurled right at the screen, bursts into flames as it collides to hit the terrified schoolmaster, and everything fades to black with Ichabod tumbling from Gunpowder, who eventually runs off.

The next morning, the only things found by the bridge are a shattered pumpkin and Ichabod's hat. Brom shortly thereafter marries Katrina. It is later rumored that Ichabod marries a rich, plump widow with many children (who all resemble Ichabod to an amazing degree), in the next county. But the simple, common denizens of Sleepy Hollow firmly deny this; they all know that Ichabod is spirited away on Halloween Night by the ghoulish Headless Horseman.


Video releases




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  • At the time the film was made, the village in which it is set was officially known only as "North Tarrytown"; the community changed its name to "Sleepy Hollow" (which had traditionally designated only the area, not the village itself) only in 1996.
  • In their book Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life, Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston said that some of the studio's animators quit after this. They felt that Walt was too demanding and the animation too stressful during the last segment.
  • The Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow makes its appearance only during the narrative introduction to this segment of the film.
  • Ichabod's (borrowed) horse is named "Gunpowder" in the original story.
  • Unlike many Disney adaptations, "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" makes relatively few changes to the original story (and far fewer than the changes made to The Wind in the Willows, the source of its companion piece); however, some that were made include the following:
    • In the original story, "Brom Bones" is only a nickname for Abraham Van Brunt; the film ignores this fact.
    • The Headless Horseman in the story is supposed to have been a Hessian (German) soldier who had his head taken off by a cannonball while fighting for the English in the American Revolution; the film leaves all this complicated backstory out.
    • The "frolic" in the original story is not stated to take place at Halloween, which was a holiday the Dutch settlers of old New York would probably not have celebrated.
    • Following on this, the film states that that the Horseman "rides one night each year," i.e., on Halloween Night; in the original story his activities are much less restricted.
    • In the film, it's stated that the Headless Horseman's power ends when "you cross that bridge"; it was actually a common superstition in Irving's time (and long before) that no supernatural being was able to cross over running water.
    • Brom Bones would probably never have heard of the "banshees" he sings about in the film: they are an Irish legend and became familiar to most Americans only after the waves of Irish immigration in the 19th century, while the people of Sleepy Hollow were explicitly of Dutch extraction. (Bing Crosby, however, prided himself on his Irish ancestry!)
    • Though Brom sings that the Horseman has a "flaming top" and later in the film does in fact have a Jack-o'-Lantern for a head, in the original story no flames or features are mentioned, and the only thing found afterward is a shattered pumpkin, with no mention of any carving or source of light (such as a candle). Disney may, in fact, have been among the first to show the Horseman's "head" as a Jack-o'-lantern rather than as a simple pumpkin. (As late as 1934, Ub Iwerks in an animated short depicted the Horseman with an uncarved pumpkin head.)
    • In the movie, Ichabod is still on his horse when he "dies"; in the original story he loses both his borrowed horse and saddle, motivating him to flee from Sleepy Hollow in order to avoid paying for their loss to the ill-tempered owner (and not to face the Headless Horseman again).
  • The Headless Horseman is the only Disney Villain in the Disney Animated Canon to triumph in the end.
  • The scene in which the Horseman hurls his own severed head (shown as a fiery Jack-o'-lantern) seemingly right at the audience and it bursts into flames as it collides, before everything fades to black, represented The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad in the finale segment of Wonderful World of Animation.

v - e - d
The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (The Wind in the WillowsThe Legend of Sleepy Hollow) • Video
Disney Parks
Mr. Toad's Wild RideStorybook Land Canal Boats

Restaurants: Toad Hall RestaurantSleepy Hollow Inn
Firework: Wonderful World of Animation
Halloween: Frightfully Fun ParadeGlow in the Park Halloween ParadeMickey's Boo-to-You Halloween ParadeThe Revenge of the Headless Horseman

J. Thaddeus ToadCyril ProudbottomRattyMoleAngus MacBadgerMr. WinkieWeaselsThe ProsecutorIchabod CraneKatrina Van TasselBrom BonesTildaBaltus Van TasselGunpowderDaredevilThe Headless Horseman
The Merrily SongIchabod CraneKatrinaHeadless Horseman