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The Prince and the Pauper is an animated short film inspired by Mark Twain's story (of the same name) starring Mickey Mouse. The film was released on November 16, 1990, along with The Rescuers Down Under. This film is notably darker than most of the Mickey Mouse cartoons.

This was Disney's last half-hour featurette to be released theatrically until Olaf's Frozen Adventure in 2017.


In 16th century England, the good King is very ill and becomes bedridden. His ruthless Captain of the Guard, Pete, uses this to his advantage of robbing and being cruel to the people in the King's name. As the result, things have been very bleak for everyone as there is no hope to save the kingdom from the thieving Captain and his ruthless henchmen, with everyone living in poverty and risking having everything being taken from them on a regular basis.

On a cold winter's day, an impoverished Mickey Mouse, Goofy, and Pluto try selling what they have for food, Mickey selling firewood and Goofy selling snow cones. They dream of being warm and someday living in the palace. Meanwhile in the palace, the Prince (who looks exactly like Mickey) is doing his studies with his adviser, Horace Horsecollar and his valet, Donald Duck. He is bored and looks longingly out of his window seeing all the people and wishing he was with them. A while before, the King's guards came in their stagecoach, while hauling off the food they stole from the townspeople. Then a string of sausages drooped out of the stagecoach and Pluto ran after them. Mickey tried to stop him, but the palace gates had already closed. He asked the guard if he could come in to look for his dog, and the guard let him do so, thinking he was the Prince. Then Pete caught him and tried to poke him with his sword, but the Prince saw this and wanted Mickey brought to him at once because "even the lowliest subjects of this Kingdom deserve respect" as he had quoted.

Inside the palace, Mickey is amazed at its splendor, but he accidentally slips on the shiny floor and crashes into some suits of armor. Just then, the Prince arrives and gets caught in the falling armor. Both remove their helmets and are amazed at the sight of each other. The Prince tells Mickey that his life is so boring with his constant lessons and banquets and envies the Pauper for his freedom. He then decides to switch places with him to see what life is like outside the palace. Mickey is hesitant to do so, but the Prince explains to him that everything would be fine. As the Prince reaches the palace gates, he is handled roughly by Pete, who doesn't believe that he's the Prince and then catapulted out. Pluto and Goofy find him afterwards, but Pluto turns his back on him, knowing he is not Mickey. Goofy, however, is convinced and doesn't understand why the Prince is avoiding him or acting like he doesn't know him. In the palace, Mickey is shown a long list of his royal duties.

Both the Prince and the Pauper are not having much success with their lives and cause disaster everywhere they go. As the Prince is walking through the town, he sees the Weasel Guards stealing a chicken from Clarabelle, so he commands them to stop, but they just laugh and continue robbing the people. From this he finds out how the people are being treated in the King's name. Suddenly, the Prince sees a cart being pulled full of food and after showing the royal ring, demands the driver to hand over what's inside. The Weasels then come to arrest the Prince, but he's saved by Goofy and they ride away into the distance. Later in Pete's tower, one of the Weasel guards tells his captain about what has happened and Pete realizes that it was the Prince he threw out of the castle and therefore knows how the people are being treated, so he begins making plans to get rid of him.

In the palace, Horace appears to Mickey saying that "his father" wishes to see him in his last few hours. He then takes him to the king, who's gravely ill. Mickey enters the room of the dying king, and Horace closes the door, then the dying king tells Mickey that he must become king and rule the land justly and wisely, he sadly promises. Shortly afterwards the King dies. Mickey leaves the room and decides to go and find the Prince, but Pete sneaks up behind him and threatens him to be crowned King at his orders, or he would kill Pluto whom he had taken earlier as a hostage. In the town the bells ring out that the King has died, the Prince is deeply sad and knows that he must now be the new King and put right what Captain Pete has done. Goofy sees his ring and offers his full-most support. As they are about to leave, Pete and some guards burst in and capture the Prince and lock him in the dungeon along with Donald, while the coronation begins. Mickey tries his hardest not to be crowned, but Pete is behind the curtain strangling Pluto. Meanwhile, the Prince and Donald are rescued by Goofy who is disguised as an executioner, and together, they take out most of the guards and rush to the Coronation chamber.

Mickey finally plucks up his courage and orders the guards to arrest Pete, but the villain defends himself by revealing the Pauper to be an impostor and demanding he be arrested. The real Prince arrives just in time and challenges the vicious Captain to a sword battle. Goofy and Donald arrive and take out more of the Weasel guards, and thanks to Goofy's clumsiness, end up entangling some of them in a falling chandelier. An errant arrow rips through the rope choking Pluto, freeing him and allowing him to join the battle as well. Pete corners the Prince and is about to kill him once and for all when Pluto runs up and bites Pete in the rear. Pete then suffers further humiliation as his trousers get sliced down, exposing his underwear underneath, much to audience's amusement who laugh themselves silly and then he gets tripped by both Mickey and the Prince, before he finally becomes caught with the Weasel guards in the now-rolling chandelier. The chandelier rolls down the red carpet and crashes through the glass window into the street below.

Both the Prince and the Pauper laugh and hug each other, but the archbishop doesn't know who the real Prince is until Pluto recognizes his master by licking Mickey affectionately. The archbishop then crowns the Prince as the new King of England, and everyone happily celebrates (including Mickey, Donald, Goofy, Horace, and Pluto). It is later told that the new King rules the country as he swore he would with justice and compassion for all; even happily rewarding Mickey and Goofy for their assistance by promoting them as new members of his royal court.



  • On the film original theatrical release, the film The Rescuers Down Under starts after the intermission ends. Following this, a small graphic counting down the minutes to The Rescuers Down Under's presentation appeared in the bottom left corner of the screen as The Prince and the Pauper's end credits began rolling. This segment did not appear in any of the film's video releases.
  • In the storybook, there are three added scenes [1];
    • One takes place after Mickey and the Prince switch places, Donald decides to taste Mickey's dinner to make sure it isn't poisoned, only for him to leave nothing but bones.
    • The next one takes place after the Prince is thrown in the dungeon with Donald, and the Prince is grieving over the loss of the King as Donald tries to comfort him.
    • An extended ending where Pete is arrested after been defeated by the Prince and is not entangled with the guards in the rolling chandelier.
  • A level based on The Prince and the Pauper appears in the video game Mickey Mania: The Timeless Adventures of Mickey Mouse where the Prince is referred to as "Prince Mickey", and Mickey is referred to as "Pauper Mickey".
  • This was the first time Horace Horsecollar and Pluto are voiced by Goofy's current voice actor, Bill Farmer.
  • This was the first theatrical short which Tony Anselmo voices Donald Duck after the death of his original voice actor Clarence Nash.
  • This was the only time Pete was voiced by Arthur Burghardt. His Pete voice resembles that of Pete's current voice actor Jim Cummings.
    • Co-incidentally, Jim Cummings would permanently voice Pete beginning with Goof Troop two years later.
  • Beginning from this short film, Horace Horsecollar is officially given a consistent voice which defines the character, which is provided by Bill Farmer.
    • When production began on this short film, Bill Farmer (who at the time had recently assumed the role of Goofy), was approached to supply Horace with a voice. As there had been no actors associated with Horace before, Farmer had to make up an original voice for the character on the spot. He was told that Horace's depiction in The Prince and the Pauper was that of a snooty, yet droll upper-crust. Farmer based Horace's voice on those of actors Jim Backus and Ben Stein.[2], a practice which would later be continued with subsequent speaking incarnations of the character such as in House of Mouse (though the TV series Mickey Mouse Mixed-Up Adventures remains as the only exception, where Farmer deviates from the Backus/Stein interpretation for a more aggressive, high-pitched tone).
  • This film was Disney's final use of the Xerox process, which the studio had used for three decades.
  • This film was re-released in theaters in the UK some years later - this time with Brother Bear in 2003, 13 years after its original theatrical release.
  • Clarabelle Cow (voiced by Elvia Allman) is the only female character represented in this film; Minnie Mouse and Daisy Duck do not appear in this film. This is Allman's final role as Clarabelle Cow; after her death in 1992, April Winchell takes over as the voice of Clarabelle Cow.
  • When the Prince leaves the castle for the first time, he is heard whistling the song "I'm Henry the Eighth, I Am". In the original story by Mark Twain, King Henry VIII was the father of the titular Prince, here named Edward Tudor who then becomes King Edward VI.
  • This is the first cartoon starring Mickey Mouse and/or his friends to start with the Walt Disney Pictures logo, followed by "Walt Disney Pictures Presents" and the short's title (no opening credits), as well as the first to have end credits.
  • The 1991 VHS and Laserdisc releases of this featurette was one of the last videos in the Walt Disney Mini Classics line.
  • In the original theatrical version the end credits are fast-moving with short closing music. However, at the end of the VHS and Laserdisc releases of the film, the end credits are slowed down with an extended closing music score.
    • The DVD releases of the film use the original theatrical version.
  • In the 1996 Disney Favorite Stories promo, this featurette's main title music plays over the titles The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Peter and the Wolf, Paul Bunyan, and of course The Prince and the Pauper itself, and continues playing until the end of the promo.
  • It is unknown why or how Donald got thrown in jail. One possible reason is that Donald knew what Pete was planning with both Mickey and the Prince, so the Captain locked Donald up to keep him from telling anyone. Another possibility is that, since it is implied that he realized Mickey is not the Prince, Pete may have locked him up to prevent him from telling anyone he's not the real Prince.
  • The Mickey Mouse in Living Color: Volume 2 DVD set is the only short's DVD release that preserves its original widescreen aspect ratio.
  • When Mickey sees the weasels drinking and singing, they are singing a parody of the "Mickey Mouse March" with lyrics about Captain Pete.


Prince Mickey's 'hat' - Animation Goof

The Prince's "hat" - Animation Goof

  • Mickey mentions a number of foods he would like to eat "just like the king", including turkey, potatoes, and corn. These are native to the Americas and were not eaten or even known in Medieval England. Meanwhile, Goofy lists desserts he would like to eat, mentioning ice cream firstly. This is, in fact, an anachronism, as ice cream did not exist in Medieval England either.
  • The writing on the board in the first scenes with the prince changes between long shots and close-ups.
  • During the scene where the Prince makes his presence known at the coronation, he is wearing Mickey's clothes including his brown hat. He then swings down on the chandelier - now without Mickey's hat - and steals a sword from an inattentive guard (who is using it to pick his teeth). However, when the Prince lands on the ground to confront Pete, he is suddenly and unexpectedly wearing a red hat - contrasting to the brown hat worn by Mickey. When Pete then pleads to explain his actions, the Prince is again hat-less and remains so until after Pete is defeated and he is crowned King of England.
  • During the musical number "Live Like A King" by Mickey and Goofy, Mickey accidentally removes Goofy's pants when he places the pot which Goofy's rear was stuck in as a hat while sings the line "I want a hat to wear", and when Goofy in response sings "And thermal underwear" while covering his exposed rear he is not wearing underwear. Later when Goofy gets shot off the window of Mickey's home by the Weasels, the fact that Goofy's boxers was briefly spotted caught in one of the arrows imply that Goofy was wearing underwear in his pants prior to getting shot off the window by the Weasels.
    • This is also an anachronism as well, as boxer shorts did not exist in Medieval England either, as they weren't invented until at least 1925.

Video releases[]







v - e - d
Mickey Mouse Short logo 3
Plane CrazyThe Gallopin' GauchoSteamboat WillieThe Barn DanceThe Opry HouseWhen the Cat's AwayThe Barnyard BattleThe PlowboyThe Karnival KidMickey's FolliesMickey's Choo-ChooThe Jazz FoolJungle RhythmThe Haunted HouseWild Waves
Fiddling AroundThe Barnyard ConcertThe Cactus KidThe Fire FightersThe ShindigThe Chain GangThe Gorilla MysteryThe PicnicPioneer DaysThe Birthday PartyTraffic TroublesThe CastawayThe Moose HuntThe Delivery BoyMickey Steps OutBlue RhythmFishin' AroundThe Barnyard BroadcastThe Beach PartyMickey Cuts UpMickey's OrphansThe Duck HuntThe Grocery BoyThe Mad DogBarnyard OlympicsMickey's RevueMusical FarmerMickey in ArabiaMickey's NightmareTrader MickeyThe Whoopee PartyTouchdown MickeyThe Wayward CanaryParade of the Award NomineesThe Klondike KidMickey's Good DeedBuilding a BuildingThe Mad DoctorMickey's Pal PlutoMickey's MellerdrammerYe Olden DaysThe Mail PilotMickey's Mechanical ManMickey's Gala PremierPuppy LoveThe Steeple-ChaseThe Pet StoreGiantlandShanghaiedCamping OutPlayful PlutoGulliver MickeyMickey's Steam-RollerOrphan's BenefitMickey Plays PapaThe DognapperTwo-Gun MickeyMickey's Man FridayThe Band ConcertMickey's Service StationMickey's KangarooMickey's GardenMickey's Fire BrigadePluto's Judgement DayOn IceMickey's Polo TeamOrphans' PicnicMickey's Grand OperaThru the MirrorMickey's RivalMoving DayAlpine ClimbersMickey's CircusMickey's ElephantThe Worm TurnsMagician MickeyMoose HuntersMickey's AmateursHawaiian HolidayClock CleanersLonesome GhostsBoat BuildersMickey's TrailerThe WhalersMickey's ParrotBrave Little TailorSociety Dog ShowMickey's Surprise PartyThe PointerThe Standard Parade
Tugboat MickeyPluto's Dream HouseMr. Mouse Takes a TripThe Sorcerer's ApprenticeThe Little WhirlwindThe Nifty NinetiesOrphan's BenefitA Gentleman's GentlemanCanine CaddyLend a PawAll TogetherMickey's Birthday PartySymphony HourPluto and the ArmadilloSquatter's RightsMickey and the BeanstalkMickey's Delayed DateMickey Down UnderMickey and the Seal
R'Coon DawgPluto's PartyPluto's Christmas TreeThe Simple Things
Mickey's Christmas CarolThe Prince and the PauperMickey And The Goat Man [Mickey and The Goat Man] • Get a Horse!Mickey in a MinuteOnce Upon a Studio
See Also
The Mickey Mouse ClubThe Mouse FactoryGood Morning, MickeyMickey's Mouse TracksMickey Mouse and Friends (TV Series)Disney's The Twelve Days of ChristmasMickey's Fun SongsMickey's Once Upon a ChristmasHouse of MouseMickey Mouse WorksMickey's Magical ChristmasMickey's House of VillainsMickey's Twice Upon a ChristmasMickey Mouse ClubhouseMickey MousekersizeMickey Mouse (TV series)Mickey Mouse Mixed-Up AdventuresMickey's 90th SpectacularThe Wonderful World of Mickey Mouse

v - e - d
Mickey logo transparent
Short Films: Mickey Mouse seriesDonald Duck seriesGoofy seriesPluto seriesChip and Dale series

Feature Length Films: Fantasia Saludos Amigos The Three Caballeros Fun and Fancy Free Melody Time DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp Disney's The Twelve Days of Christmas A Goofy Movie Mickey's Once Upon a Christmas Fantasia 2000 An Extremely Goofy Movie Mickey's Magical Christmas: Snowed in at the House of MouseMickey's House of VillainsMickey, Donald, Goofy: The Three MusketeersMickey's Twice Upon a ChristmasChip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers
Television: Mickey Mouse Club The Wonderful World of Disney DuckTales Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers Darkwing Duck Goof Troop Quack Pack Mickey's Fun SongsMickey Mouse WorksHouse of MouseMickey Mouse ClubhouseMinnie's Bow-ToonsMickey Mouse DuckTalesMickey Mouse Mixed-Up Adventures Legend of the Three Caballeros Mickey Go Local The Wonderful World of Mickey Mouse Mickey Mouse Funhouse Chip 'n' Dale: Park Life Mickey Mouse Clubhouse 2.0

Disney Parks
Mickey's ToontownMickey and Minnie's Runaway RailwayPLAY!

Entertainment: Disney Adventure Friends CavalcadeStitch's Interplanetary Beach Party BlastIt’s Very Minnie!Minnie's Tiara of DreamsMinnie, We Love You!Club Mouse BeatMickey and Friends: An Extra Big AdventureMinnie @ FunderlandQuacky Celebration ★ Donald the Legend!
Spring: Disney's Easter WonderlandHippity Hoppity SpringtimeUsatama on the Run!
Summer: Summer BlastDisney's Summer Oasis SplashMickey's WaterWorks
Halloween: Re-Villains! Halloween ParadeMickey's Boo-to-You Halloween ParadeFrightfully Fun Parade
Christmas A Christmas Fantasy ParadeMickey's Once Upon a Christmastime ParadeDisney's Santa Village Parade
Parades: Main Street Electrical ParadeDonald Duck's 50th Birthday ParadeSpectroMagicMickey Mania ParadeJubilation!Nightfall GlowPaint the NightHappiness is Here ParadeDreaming Up!Mickey's Storybook ExpressDisney Harmony in Color! Parade
Fireworks: Celebrate! Tokyo DisneylandDisney EnchantmentIgnite the Dream: A Nighttime Spectacular of Magic and LightWorld of Color: CelebrateWe Love Mickey!Wondrous Journeys

The Sensational Six: Mickey MouseMinnie MouseDonald DuckDaisy DuckGoofyPluto

Secondary characters: Chip and DalePeteClarabelle CowHorace HorsecollarHuey, Dewey, and LouieScrooge McDuckLudwig Von Drake
Characters from Walt Disney Animation Studios: Julius the CatOswald the Lucky RabbitOrtensiaJ. P. WhiskersHomer the CatFanny CottontailBunny ChildrenParrotClara CluckThe Mad DoctorMortimer MouseThe Three Little PigsBig Bad WolfLittle Red Riding HoodYen SidMagic BroomsJosé CariocaPanchito PistolesHumphrey the BearMax GoofJ. Audubon WoodloreFigaroBootle BeetleButch the BulldogFifi the PekeDinah the DachshundAracuan BirdSalty the SealLouie the Mountain LionRajaBearSpike the BeeLonesome GhostsWillie the GiantWeaselsPeter PigMammy Two ShoesWitch HazelDonna DuckP.J.Pluto's Kid BrotherPluto's Quin-pupletsPluto JuniorClariceKat NippDolores the ElephantBobo the ElephantGopherBent-Tail the CoyoteBent-Tail JuniorMilton the CatPluto's AngelPluto's Devil
Characters from comic stories: Phantom BlotMorty and Ferdie FieldmouseChief O'HaraMillie and Melody MouseGyro GearlooseGus GooseBeagle BoysDaisy's parentsGrandma DuckGladstone GanderMagica De SpellFlintheart GlomgoldGilbert GoofJohn D. RockerduckHortense McDuckQuackmore DuckSylvester ShysterTrudy Van TubbFelicity FieldmouseApril, May, and JuneDella DuckMoby DuckHortense
Characters from Disney Television Animation: Launchpad McQuackWebby VanderquackMa BeagleBentina BeakleyDuckworthGizmoDuckBubba the Cave DuckGadget HackwrenchMonterey JackZipperFat CatDarkwing DuckGosalyn MallardPeg PetePistol PeteRoxanneBobby ZimmeruskiSylvia MarpoleBradley Uppercrust IIITankBaby ShelbyThe TroubadourToodlesCuckoo-LocaMartian MickeyPluto from PlutoMartian MinnieBilly BeagleXandraBaron Von Sheldgoose
Characters from Disney Experiences: Duffy the Disney BearShellieMay the Disney BearGelatoniStellaLouCookieAnn'Olu MelTippyBlueLinaBellMr. Easter BunnyMrs. Easter BunnyChuuby

Key artists
Producers and directors: Walt DisneyBurt GillettWilfred JacksonDavid HandDick HuemerJack HannahJack KingJack KinneyClyde GeronimiCharles A. NicholsBill JusticeTad StonesRoy E. DisneyBobs GannawayPaul Rudish

Designers and animators: Ub IwerksNorman FergusonLes ClarkArt BabbittDick LundyFrank ThomasOllie JohnstonFred MooreFred SpencerFloyd GottfredsonHamilton LuskeTed OsborneAl TaliaferroCarl BarksWard KimballWolfgang ReithermanDon RosaAndreas DejaMark HennMichael Peraza Jr. • Robert Griggs • Eric Goldberg
Composers: Carl Stalling • Frank ChurchillOliver WallacePaul SmithAlbert Hay MalotteJimmie Dodd • Stephen James Taylor • Mark Watters • Christopher Willis
Voice actors: Walt DisneyMarcellite GarnerPinto ColvigBilly BletcherClarence NashJimmy MacDonaldBill ThompsonPaul FreesWayne AllwineTony AnselmoRussi TaylorAlan YoungWill RyanBill FarmerCorey BurtonTress MacNeilleJim CummingsBret IwanKaitlyn RobrockChris DiamantopoulosDebra Wilson