WLS-TV is the ABC owned-and-operated television station in Chicago, Illinois. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 44 (virtual channel 7.1 via PSIP) and operates a digital fill-in translator on VHF channel 7, both from transmitters atop the Willis Tower. Owned by the ABC Owned Television Stations unit of The Walt Disney Company, WLS-TV maintains studios on North State Street in the Chicago Loop. The WLS-TV callsign stands for "World's Largest Store", in reference to Sears, Roebuck and Company, the founding part-owners of its former AM radio sister station.
- 1 Digital television
- 2 History
- 3 Programming
- 4 News operations
- 5 Logos
- 6 References
- 7 External links
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP ID name||Programming|
|7.1||720p||16:9||WLS-DT||Main WLS-TV programming / ABC|
|7.2||LivWell||Live Well Network|
(4:3 letterbox on 7.3)
Upon completion of the digital transition, WLS officially transferred the "WLS-TV" legal callsign from the now-defunct analog channel 7 to the original post-transition digital television channel 7, and discontinued the "WLS-DT" callsign. In late 2009, after moving full-power digital operations to UHF channel 44, the "WLS-TV" callsign was moved to channel 44. Even though WLS-TV converted VHF channel 7 into a digital fill-in translator and it is a LD facility (-LD meaning "Low-power Digital"), it uses the same call letters and suffix like their main full power facility. However, the PSIP identifier for WLS-TV's virtual channels still continues to identify the station as "WLS-DT."
After the digital transition on June 12, 2009, WLS moved from out-of-core UHF Channel 52 to their pre-analog VHF channel 7 for their digital operations. WLS operated their digital signal at low power (4.75 kW) to protect the digital signal of WOOD-TV in Grand Rapids, Michigan (which also broadcasts on channel 7, but with much higher power). As a result, many viewers were not able to receive the station.The FCC sent extra personnel to Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York City to deal with difficulties in those cities. WLS had received 1,735 calls just by the end of the day on June 12 (WBBM only received 600), and an estimated 5000 calls in total by June 16.
WLS-TV was just one station which needed to increase its signal strength or move its frequency to solve its problems, but a power increase required making sure no other stations were affected. WLS received a two-week experimental permit for a power increase late in June. WLS had also applied for a permit to construct a low-power fill-in digital translator station on UHF channel 32, (the former analog frequency of WFLD) but abandoned that plan (the channel 32 RF frequency has since been claimed by WMEU-CD). Eventually the FCC granted it a permit to transmit on a second frequency, Channel 44, formerly occupied by WSNS-TV, and WLS announced the availability of that frequency on October 31, 2009.
As of June 2010, WLS is operating both channels 7 and 44 from their auxiliary transmitting facilities at the John Hancock Center under an extension of an existing STA, while construction continues of its maximized facilities at the Willis Tower. WLS is operating channel 7 as a fill-in translator with a power of 7 kW & operating their full power operations on channel 44 with a power of 1 MW. Through PSIP technology, both operating frequencies are re-mapped and displayed as virtual channel 7, which would cause some digital tuners to have two versions of virtual channels 7.1, 7.2 and 7.3, while tuning sequentially. WLS-TV is expected to operate channel 44 at the 1 million watt power level from the Willis Tower in the near future. It is also expected that the channel 7 frequency will continue to operate, even after the implementation of the maximum power increase on channel 44 until mid-January 2013, at the latest.
Since WLS-TV officially moved their full power operations to channel 44, it is the only ABC O&O to vacate its former analog allotment for its digital operations and the second ABC O&O to operate its full-power operations on the UHF band, after KFSN-TV.
Prior to February 24, 2011, WLS-DT3 aired ABC 7 News Now with weather programming from The Local AccuWeather Channel. The ABC O&Os ended transmission of their Local AccuWeather channels in February 2011, replacing its programming with a letterboxed standard-definition simulcast of their LiveWell subchannels; however, the partnership between ABC and AccuWeather continues to this day as the branding for the stations' weather reports.
The station first went on the air as the third TV station in Chicago on September 17, 1948 as WENR-TV. It was named after WENR radio, ABC's Chicago radio affiliate. As one of the original ABC-owned stations on channel 7, it was the second station after New York City to begin operations, followed by Detroit, San Francisco and Los Angeles.
In February 1953 ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres (UPT), the former theater division of Paramount Pictures. UPT subsidiary Balaban and Katz owned WBKB on channel 4 (which shared a CBS affiliation with WGN-TV) but the new American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, as the company was known then, could not keep both stations because of Federal Communications Commission regulations at that time. As a result, WBKB's channel 4 license was sold to CBS and the station was renamed WBBM-TV; it moved frequencies to channel 2 several months later. The old WBKB's talent stayed at the new WBBM-TV, while the WBKB call letters and management moved to channel 7. (From 1965 to 1968, the station's calls were modified to WBKB-TV.)
The general manager from the early 1950s to the mid-1960s was Sterling "Red" Quinlan, who was a giant in early Chicago television. He was instrumental in the careers of Tom Duggan, Frank Reynolds, and Bob Newhart. The station courageously aired The Tom Duggan Show in the mid-1950s, which was the most popular show in Chicago far out drawing other network competition. Channel 7 became WLS-TV on October 7, 1968, after WLS radio (890 AM), which ABC had wholly owned since 1959. Ironically, ABC merged WLS radio with WENR, its shared-time partner, in 1954.
WLS-TV had claimed to be "Chicago's first television station" in sign-ons in the 1980s (implying a connection with the original WBKB on channel 4), but admitted to its true roots with WENR with its 60th anniversary in 2008.
- Jimmy Kimmel Live! aired with a one-hour delay at 12:02 AM since WLS-TV aired reruns of The Oprah Winfrey Show at 11:02 p.m. after Nightline (this practice ended after the Oprah reruns ended on September 9, 2011; Jimmy Kimmel was moved to 11:02 p.m. on September 12, 2011).
- WLS-TV is the only ABC owned-and-operated station not to air Live! with Kelly and Michael, and is one of two ABC-owned stations not to air the syndicated version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire with the Disney-ABC-produced shows airing on WGN-TV instead. Live with Kelly and Michael is expected to move to WLS-TV in September 2013, making it the last ABC owned-and-operated station to add the program.
- WLS still air game shows like Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune. They also added Katie on the program to replace the former Oprah Winfrey Show.
Former syndicated programming produced in Chicago
- At the Movies - nationally syndicated film review program, produced at WLS-TV's studios, and syndicated by Disney-ABC Domestic Television. It aired Saturdays 10:35 p.m. with reruns Sundays 10:30 AM. The program was cancelled and aired its final original broadcast on Saturday, August 14, 2010.
- The Oprah Winfrey Show - former AM Chicago 9 AM local program, retained name about one year after Oprah Winfrey became host - originally created by WLS-TV, but it was later produced by Harpo Productions and CBS Television Distribution at Oprah's Harpo Studios. It aired weekdays at 9 AM. The program ended with its final original broadcast airing on May 25, 2011. Reruns continued weeknights at 11:02 p.m. until September 9, 2011.
Other WLS-TV produced programs
- 190 North - local lifestyle program named after the station's studio address at 190 N. State St. in the Loop and hosted by Janet Davies; began broadcasting in HD on Sunday, May 6, 2007.
- Sundays 11 p.m., reruns Saturdays 11 p.m. (reruns air later during fall college football season)
- Let's Dish, for the Live Well Network.
- Shown locally on Channel 7.2.
- Windy City Live - local morning talk show that launched on May 26, 2011, and hosted by Ryan Chiaverini and Valerie Warner; following the conclusion of The Oprah Winfrey Show.
- Weekdays 9 AM, reruns Weekdays 12 Noon (on Channel 7.2) & Weeknights 12:07 AM.
Former WLS-TV produced programs
- The Chicago Huddle - local sports program about the Chicago Bears hosted by Ryan Chiaverini  The program aired Sundays 10:30 AM during football season. It last aired during the 2009-2010 season.
- Chicagoing - local public affairs program hosted by Bill Campbell, aired Sunday mornings at 11:30 AM. The program aired its final broadcast on Sunday, December 26, 2010.
WLS-TV, like the other ABC owned-and-operated stations, adopted the Eyewitness News format in the late 1960s after it became a hit at flagship WABC-TV in New York. Beginning in 1968, the station's main evening newscasts were co-anchored by Fahey Flynn, a bowtie-wearing broadcaster who had spent the previous 15 years at WBBM-TV; and Joel Daly, hired away from WJW-TV in Cleveland in 1967. The duo served as the anchormen of the station's 6:00 and 10:00 PM newscasts until Flynn's death in August 1983. In 1970 they were joined by John Drury, who helmed the 5:00 report. By 1973 Eyewitness News surpassed NBC-owned WMAQ-TV to become Chicago's top-rated news operation, a lead it held until WBBM-TV surpassed it in 1979. For much of the 1970s and 1980s, it waged a spirited battle for second place in the Chicago news ratings.
By 1983 a disastrous anchor change had dropped channel 7 into third place. That prompted two major changes. ABC brought in Dennis Swanson from its Los Angeles outlet to WLS-TV as its new general manager. Swanson, in turn, hired Bill Applegate as the station's news director. Secondly, ABC commissioned Frank Gari to write an updated version of the Cool Hand Luke theme widely associated with the Eyewitness News format. The result was News Series 2000, which was quickly picked up by the other ABC O&Os.
Swanson was instrumental in hiring Oprah Winfrey to host its then low-rated morning talk show, AM Chicago, in 1983. Within a year, it had shot to first place. It was picked up nationally in 1986 and renamed The Oprah Winfrey Show. Channel 7 aired it, along with most other ABC O&Os, until September 2011. Swanson also re-hired lead anchor John Drury, who had left for WGN-TV in 1979; and Floyd Kalber, who had led WMAQ-TV to the top of the ratings in the 1960s.
Drury and Mary Ann Childers were a popular anchor team at WLS-TV during the 1980s and 1990s, accompanied by weatherman Steve Deshler and sportscaster Tim Weigel. In March 1986, channel 7 passed WBBM-TV as the highest-rated news station in Chicago. It has held the lead ever since, aside from a brief period when WBBM-TV managed to forge a tie for first.
As of 1996, the station currently brands its newscast as "ABC7 News" even though it still uses the same basic format from its Eyewitness News days. The station has been using its current news music package, News Series 2000 Plus (now called Stimulus) by Frank Gari since 1992. It also updated the on-air graphics for its newscasts on Saturday, June 3, 2005.
The new State Street Studio officially debuted Monday, April 10, 2006, during the station's morning newscast, but it started broadcasting its newscasts from the new studio on Saturday, April 8, 2006. On the weekend of April 29–30, 2006, WLS-TV began using Chopper 7 HD. On Saturday, January 6, 2007, WLS-TV became the first Chicago television station to broadcast its entire news and local programming in high definition news although most remote field footage remains in 16:9 widescreen standard definition.
On December 23, 2007, the State Street Studio became breaking news when a minivan drove through a reinforced studio window two minutes into the 10 p.m. newscast, startling anchor Ravi Baichwal on air and creating a 20° draft, but injuring no one.
According to the Nielsen local news ratings for the February 2011 sweeps period, WLS-TV remained in first place overall, with the 10 p.m. newscast getting a 9.7 rating share, down a tenth of a point from a 9.8 during the same time the previous year. The station remained in second place for its prime-time lead-in.
- Tomorrow's News Today (1949–1954)
- Channel 7 News (1954–1965)
- NewsNight (1965–1968)
- Flynn-Daly News (1968–1969)
- Flynn-Daly Eyewitness News (1969–1973)
- Channel 7 Eyewitness News (1969–1996)
- ABC 7 News (1996–2013)
- ABC 7 Eyewitness News (2013-present)
- "7's On Your Side" (1980–1983)
- "7's On The Move" (1984–1985)
- "Stand Up and Tell 'em Chicago's Great" (1985–1992; image campaign based on Frank Gari's Turn To News)
- "The Chicago's Area Leading News" (late 1980s–1991)
- "Chicago's #1 News" (1991–present)
- "People Make the Difference" (2000–present)
- "Your News. Your Way." (2008–present)
Current on-air staff
- Stacey Baca - weekend mornings; also weekday reporter and The ñ Beat contributor
- Ravi Baichwal - weekends at 5 and 10 p.m.; also weekday reporter
- Ben Bradley - Sunday mornings; also weekday reporter
- Kathy Brock - weeknights at 6 and 10 p.m.
- Cheryl Burton - weeknights at 5 p.m.; also 10 p.m. contributor
- Judy Hsu - weekday mornings (4:30-7 AM); also reporter
- Karen Jordan - weekends at 5 and 10 p.m.; also weekday reporter
- Alan Krashesky - weekdays at 4 and weeknights at 6 p.m.; also host of NewsViews
- Ron Magers - weeknights at 5 and 10 p.m.
- Sylvia Perez - weekdays at 11 AM; also "Healthbeat" reporter
- Hosea Sanders - weekday mornings (4:30-7 AM); also reporter
- Linda Yu - weekdays at 11 AM and 4 p.m.
- Weather team
- Jerry Taft (AMS Seal of Approval) - chief meteorologist; weeknights at 5, 6 and 10 p.m.
- Mark Bishop (AMS Seal of Approval) - meteorologist; Saturday mornings
- Tracy Butler (AMS and NWA Seals of Approval) - meteorologist; weekday mornings (4:30-7 AM) and weekdays at 11 AM.
- Mike Caplan - meteorologist; weekdays at 4 p.m.
- Phil Schwarz (AMS Seal of Approval) - meteorologist; Sunday mornings and weekends at 5 and 10 p.m.
- Sports team
- Mark Giangreco - sports director; weeknights at 5 and 10 p.m.
- Jim Rose - sports anchor; weekdays at 4 and weeknights at 6 p.m.
- Rafer Weigel - sports anchor; weekends at 5 and 10 p.m.; also weekday sports reporter
- Steve Dolinsky - food reporter ("Hungry Hound")
- Jessica D'Onofrio - general assignment reporter
- Michelle Gallardo - general assignment reporter; also fill-in anchor
- John Garcia - general assignment reporter; also The ñ Beat contributor
- Chuck Goudie - chief investigative reporter; also 6 p.m. "Intelligence Report" contributor
- Theresa Gutierrez - general assignment reporter; also host of The ñ Beat
- Evelyn Holmes - general assignment reporter
- Leah Hope - general assignment reporter; also host of Heart & Soul
- Eric Horng - general assignment reporter
- Jason Knowles - general assignment reporter
- Frank Mathie - feature reporter
- Paul Meincke - general assignment reporter
- Karen Meyer - disability issues reporter
- Diane Pathieu - general assignment reporter
- Sarah Schulte - general assignment reporter
- Charles Thomas - political reporter; also host of Heart & Soul
- Roz Varon - weekday morning traffic reporter
- Local program hosts
- 190 North
- Janet Davies - host; also features/entertainment reporter and fill-in anchor
- Windy City LIVE (weekday mornings at 9 AM)
- Ryan Chiaverini - co-host
- Valerie Warner - co-host
Notable former on-air staff
- ABC7Chicago.com - Official Website
- ABC7ToGo.com - WLS-TV Wireless Web site
- 190 North Web site
- Windy City Live Web site
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia page WLS-TV. The list of authors can be seen in the . Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.|