Robert Callaghan (also known as Yokai) is the main antagonist of Disney's 2014 animated feature film Big Hero 6. He was the head robotics professor at the San Fransokyo Institute of Technology and mentor to Tadashi Hamada. After suffering a personal tragedy, he became a silent, kabuki-masked supervillain bent on exacting vengeance, with an army of Microbots at his command.
- “He was such a good man... What happened?”
- ―Honey Lemon
Professor Callaghan was an aspiring man; a world-renowned scientist, praised for his innovations on the foundations of robotics, as well as the creation of Callaghan's Laws of Robotics. With such recognition and knowledge, Callaghan put himself to good use by teaching as the head professor at the San Fransokyo Institute of Technology, where he mentored such prodigies as the brilliant Tadashi Hamada, who admired him greatly. Although he was passionate about science and robotics, Callaghan's true love lay within his daughter Abigail, who was once a test pilot for Krei Tech Industries: The world's leading technology industry, owned and operated by San Fransokyo's own Alistair Krei. One of Krei's latest ambitions, at the time, was the desire to revolutionize transportation through the use of portals—a project dubbed "Silent Sparrow". Unfortunately, during the experimental test run, a malfunction occurred in the system, and Abigail was lost in the portal, eventually presumed to be deceased. The tragedy left Callaghan with a hardened heart, and since, he swore revenge on Krei, and eventually descended into villainous madness as time would pass and his lust for vengeance strengthened. This would ultimately lead to the "death" of Callaghan's former identity and the birth of Yokai.
- Professor Robert Callaghan heads up the robotics program at the prestigious San Fransokyo Institute of Technology and is Tadashi’s professor and mentor. When Hiro visits the university for the first time, he is star-struck by the world-renowned roboticist—while Callaghan immediately sees the potential in the 14-year-old prodigy, encouraging him to put his brain to better use.
- Yokai is the silent masked man behind the terrible tragedy that strikes San Fransokyo, turning Hiro’s world upside down. As a result, Hiro transforms a group of nerds into a team of high-tech crime fighters—Big Hero 6—with one mission: Track down Yokai and bring him to justice.
- “What makes Marvel villains interesting is that they are righteous. They think they are doing the right thing, or at least the necessary thing, which makes them more human and relatable. Yokai is not a villain in his own mind.”
- ―Tech supervisor Hank Driskill
Before the tragic incident involving his daughter Abigail, Callaghan was apparently a good-hearted man, bent on changing the world for the better through the wonders of science and technology. He utilized his wisdom to guide young minds down a bright path, serving as a father-figure to his students, and specifically towards Tadashi. He was also passionate about the subject of science and resented those who used such technological advances for selfish gain, such as the pursuit of wealth and vain recognition as opposed to improving the world. Above all, however, his true love and concern was Abigail, whom he referred to at one point as everything to him. It was her disappearance and Krei's ignorance towards innovation that morphed Callaghan into a murderous, vicious, and rather uncaring man, bent on seeking revenge on the ones who wronged him. With Abigail's demise, Callaghan's morality seemed to have vanished, and his lengths to achieve vengeance had no bounds, as he continuously made attempts to kill Hiro and his other students (originally due to the fact that they were witnesses, and later as a result of them being a significant threat to his plans), in addition to performing acts such as rampaging through the streets, destroying parts of the city, and continuously endangering innocent lives to the point of indirectly killing his own prodigy Tadashi, all with apparently no remorse.
Callaghan also seemed to have abandoned his own personal code of respecting science. Once he got his hands on the Microbots, he immediately used them to further his own selfish ambitions, in addition to repeatedly utilizing them as a weapon of mass destruction and homicide, despite their initial purpose being to further the well-being of humanity. Despite his self-assurance, Callaghan knew his power was limited to the strength of the Microbots and when that was stripped away from him, he became visibly fearful and submissive. Aside from brief moments of indecision, these were notably the only instances in which Callaghan showed any sort of vulnerability.
According to Baymax's scans, Callaghan is mentally ill, suffering from acute stress disorder, as well as emotional instability. This likely plays into his villainy as he spends a majority of the film in a deep state of either anger or sorrow, which can create deadly results when triggered. Even so, Callaghan is highly capable of concealing his true emotions since he masked his pain with a generally easy-going and level-headed persona. Even after becoming Yokai, Callaghan generally remained stoic in the midst of his villainy, carrying out his plans in haunting silence, even during combat.
Despite the merciless nature of his actions, Callaghan is not a villain in his own mind as his plans were motivated by the loss of his daughter. At certain points in the film, most notably just before the final battle ensued, he would fall into a state of morality and regret before returning to his plan, making him somewhat of an anti-villain. During his final scene, in fact, Callaghan makes a penitent expression, showing an understanding of the consequences of his actions and the emptiness of revenge. The events of Big Hero 6: The Series confirms that Callaghan is at the very least remorseful for having indirectly killed Tadashi and went as far as to apologize to Hiro for having done so.
In short, while Yokai is undeniably ruthless and relentless in his pursuit of revenge, he is not incapable of realizing the damages caused by his actions, and facing moral dilemmas, such as remorse, making him one of the most human Disney villains.
Callaghan is a tall, middle-aged man with a generally warm appearance. With his gray hair, sweatervests, and slacks, he donned the appearance of a kindly grandfather; matching his relationship with his students at the institute. He also has somewhat wrinkled skin, that's fair in color, with blue eyes, and a rather large nose.
Under the guise of Yokai, Callaghan was taller, darker, with a brooding appearance that gave off an ominous aura. His face was entirely covered by a kabuki mask, which was mostly colored in white, with red markings—symbolizing his anger and hate. The eyes of the kabuki mask were colored a piercing yellow. He also wore a black trench coat, black gloves, leg wraps, and ankle-length ninja boots.
Powers and abilities
Yokai's primary source of power was Hiro's Microbots. With the transmitter created to gain control over the miniature robotic army, Yokai was able to transform the robots into a deadly force, capable of immensely dangerous acts. To control them, the headband of a transmitter was inserted within his kabuki mask and without said mask, control over his Microbots would cease, thus rendering him powerless. Though he generally lacks physical strength, Yokai has been shown to have a considerable amount of physical attributions, as seen during the car chase through the San Fransokyo streets. Even so, such attributes were not utilized in other scenes since he heavily relied on his Microbots and own, personal cunning, to do away with his enemies.
The Microbots were capable of forming into anything the mind could conceive. When in battle, Yokai's typical course of action would be to form the Microbots into a giant, spear-like shape, which would swiftly strike at his enemies in hopes of impaling them. He would also use the strength of the Microbots to utilize surrounding objects heavy in weight to crush his enemies, such as a cargo container, a car, or a massive piece of concrete.
The Microbots could also be used as Yokai's source of transportation on multiple terrains since they were capable of being used on both solid land, and sea. During travel, Yokai would usually stand at the high center of the Microbots, which would be formed into a mountainous form during such occasions.
It should be noted that Yokai's secondary source of power was his own intellect. With such power over the mind, Yokai was able to carry out his plot to solely rebuild Krei's portal (which is an example of his vast intelligence, in and of itself), steal Hiro's Microbots, and duplicate said inventions without having law enforcements catch on. In fact, if it weren't for the unintentional interference of Baymax, Tadashi's healthcare robot, Yokai's plan would have very well succeeded.
Callaghan is first introduced at the San Fransokyo Institute of Technology, where he is introduced to Tadashi's younger brother, Hiro Hamada, a young genius. Tadashi reveals Callaghan is the renowned creator of the very technology Hiro uses for bot-fighting purposes, and the cunning professor subtly reprimands the boy's actions, cleverly convincing him to join the school alongside his brother, to use his brains for greater purposes. In order to gain acceptance, Hiro builds the Microbots, a robotic army of miniature bots capable of becoming anything the mind can conceive, through the use of a neurotransmitter. Hiro takes his invention to the school's annual student showcase, where they impress Callaghan. However, they also catch the attention of Alistair Krei, who looks to purchase Hiro's inventions for Krei Tech Industries. Callaghan intervenes, warning Hiro to steer clear of the tech-guru as—according to Callaghan—he only uses the science for personal gain. After some consideration, Hiro takes Callaghan's advice and refuses to sell his creation. And with that, Callaghan grants Hiro acceptance into the school.
After Hiro's departure, Callaghan steals the Microbots for his own nefarious purposes in seeking revenge on Krei, and to cover his tracks, the professor sparks a fire, setting the showcase hall ablaze. As panicked attendants barely escape the disaster with their lives, Tadashi gets word that Callaghan is still in the building and rushes inside to rescue him, losing his life in the process once the building violently explodes. Callaghan, meanwhile, is presumed dead. Unbeknownst to anyone, however, Callaghan used the Microbots to save himself, and proceeded with his plot to get revenge on Alistair, under the guise of a mysterious and elusive masked figure known as Yokai. Yokai sets up a base of operation within an abandoned warehouse near the city's harbor, where the Microbots are massed produced to create an overwhelming army. One day, Hiro and Tadashi's healthcare robot, Baymax, stumble upon the warehouse and discover the Microbots being mass-produced. Yokai notices their presence, and uses the bots to attack, though they manage to escape.
Realizing the fire that killed Tadashi was no accident, and was merely used as a means to cover the tracks of the Microbot theft, Hiro turns Baymax into a crime-fighting robot and heads out to the warehouse in the middle of the night in hopes of capturing Yokai and bringing him to justice. They use the only Microbot left in their possessions to track down the masked villain, leading them to the trading post. There, Yokai emerges from the foggy bay, with a piece to the dismantled Silent Sparrow portal, prompting Hiro and Baymax to take cover in silence. They remain hidden until Honey Lemon, Wasabi, Fred, and Go Go Tomago arrive, causing enough noise to catch Yokai's attention. Once spotted, the masked villain attacks the group, and tries to kill them, believing they've seen too much (according to Fred). Using the Microbots, Yokai rampages through the city, after the team's vehicle, making several attempts to destroy them before they can escape. Though Yokai's attempts nearly succeeds, the team eventually manages to evade him by accidentally driving their car into the sea and apparently drowning. Yokai looks upon the damage and believes them to be dead, thus prompting him to depart.
However, the team survives and safely return to dry land. Afterward, under the guidance of Hiro, they use their technological advances to become a superhero team known as Big Hero 6, with hopes of stopping Yokai's plot and avenging Tadashi. Meanwhile, Yokai continues onward with his revenge scheme of recollecting the missing pieces to the Silent Sparrow portal, and does so by infiltrating an abandoned facility on Akuma Island. Notably, the facility once belonged to Krei, and was the area in which both Silent Sparrow and Abigail's supposed death took place. Baymax is able to track the villain's whereabouts and the team infiltrate the facility for another battle. Before Yokai arrives, they find a recording that reveals what happened to Abigail. They also learn that the incident resulted in the closure of Krei's facility. This leads the group to believe Krei is the man behind the mask. Just then, Yokai finds the team and attacks. A battle ensues and each member tries to remove the mask, knowing the mask is the true source of Yokai's power.
After many failed attempts, Hiro manages to accidentally knock off the villain's mask and Yokai's true identity is revealed to be Callaghan. A shocked and confused Hiro asks the circumstances of Callaghan's survival, and the latter reveals his use of the Microbots to shield himself from the flames and escape his own death. Saddened by the fact that Tadashi died for nothing, Hiro explains how the former died trying to save the professor, only for Callaghan to rudely claim Tadashi running into the burning building was his own mistake. Angered by these words, Hiro orders Baymax to kill Callaghan; though the robot denies at first, Hiro removes the bot's healthcare chip, leaving only his battle-centric programming, thus turning him into a mindless killing machine. Baymax then proceeds to attack a powerless and fearful Callaghan, but fortunately for the latter, the other team members intervene to protect him. In the midst of the chaos, Callaghan manages to retrieve his mask and flees the scene, along with the remaining piece of the portal.
The following day, Yokai intercepts Krei's latest ceremony, immediately capturing the tech-guru. After revealing his true identity, Callaghan confronts Alistair on his daughter's demise, blaming Krei for the preventable tragedy, before announcing his plot to use the newly rebuilt Silent Sparrow portal to destroy all Krei has ever built, before killing Krei, himself. Despite Krei's pleads for mercy, the portal is raised high above Krei Tech headquarters and activated by the Microbots. Just then, Big Hero 6 arrives to confront Callaghan, demanding that he call off his plot. When this fails, Hiro tries to reason with Callaghan by explaining that revenge won't change anything, having learned this through personal experience. Realizing what Hiro says may be true, Callaghan briefly reflects on his decisions, only to be drawn back into a murderous state once Krei makes a sleazy attempt to escape the situation, igniting a battle against Yokai and the Big Hero 6 team.
Hiro orders his teammates to aim for the villain's mask, but Callaghan quickly imprisons each of them in a cluster of Microbots to face slow and painful deaths. However, unbeknown to Callaghan, some of the Microbots are being sucked into the portal, giving Hiro the idea to break apart the bots, allowing them to be sucked into the portal and leaving Callaghan powerless. As the teammates carry out the plan from below, Hiro and Baymax distract Callaghan from above. Eventually, however, Hiro and Baymax are both captured, and Callaghan prepares to make the killing strike, only to find that he has run out of the remaining Microbots, thus rendering him powerless and vulnerable. With their plan having succeeded, Hiro and Baymax break free of their confinement and thrust towards the masked villain. Callaghan cowers in fear, but instead of killing him, Hiro makes the decision to spare his life, explaining that he and Baymax refuse to harm a human being. Nevertheless, Baymax destroys Callaghan's mask, thus eliminating his remaining Microbots and descending the portal.
As a result of the battle, the portal becomes unstable and threatens to explode. Before everyone can escape, Baymax senses life within the portal: a female in hyper-sleep. Hiro correctly deduces it to be Abigail and makes the decision to journey inside the portal to rescue her. Meanwhile, Callaghan stays behind—while being physically restrained by Fred—with the team members and Krei, awaiting Abigail's return. Hiro manages to bring Abigail to safety, and police and paramedics soon arrive onto the scene. A now conscious Abigail is wheeled towards a waiting ambulance, ignorant to the events of her father's actions and presence, while the police apprehend Callaghan for his crimes and shove him into the back of a patrol car. Before being taken into custody, Callaghan manages to see his daughter one last time from a distance, and subsequently hangs his head down, possibly out of remorse for his actions.
In the animated series taking place directly after the film, Callaghan was referenced and mentioned by name in "Baymax Returns". He made his first, physical appearance in the episode "Mini-Max", where it is shown that he now resides in solitary confinement within a maximum-security prison. Hiro visits Callaghan while researching information about Professor Granville, one of Callaghan's former coworkers. Callaghan explains that Granville resigned after an accident occurred on school grounds, supposedly on her account. Before Hiro takes his leave, Callaghan thanks him for saving Abigail. Callaghan then apologizes for what happened to Tadashi, and with a heavy heart, takes full responsibility for his death. Despite Callaghan's sentiment, Hiro is unable to forgive him just yet, though he does feel that Tadashi would have forgiven him.
Yokai's kabuki mask makes an appearance in the deleted Zootopia scene, "Detective Work", seen on a shelf in Officer Bob's office.
Yokai makes an appearance in the San Fransokyo circuit of the Toy Box Speedway feature, as a non-playable character. After the first lap, the Microbots begin attacking and taking control over the city, eventually revealing the Silent Sparrow portal looming over the city, as well as Yokai, who ominously watches as the racers pass by while standing atop a towering cluster of Microbots.
On December 31, 2015, Yokai made his debut as a meet-and-greet character in the Disney theme parks during a private event held at Disneyland Paris. He later reappeared in 2017 during the announcement of Disneyland Paris' FanDaze, alongside Hiro. For the park's 2017 Halloween season, Yokai was amongst the Disney villains to appear during the Halloween Soirée event.
On October 31, 2018, Yokai was the star of his own live stage show titled Yokai's Revenge. During the show (which was in the style of kabuki theatre), Yokai used laser projections as blades for an extended performance. He was later accompanied by two underlings, whom he temporarily lent the blades. Towards the end, Yokai is confronted by Big Hero 6. He encases Wasabi, Go Go, Fred and Honey Lemon in laser fields, but Hiro eventually comes to the rescue. Yokai prepares to confront his foe, but at the arrival of Baymax, the kabuki-masked villain flees the stage.
During the Baymax Super Exercise Expo in Tomorrowland, Yokai is briefly seen in clips of Big Hero 6 that are displayed on the background screen.
- Yokai (妖怪) means "spirit" or "phantom" in Japanese.
- Yokai bears a striking resemblance to the Marvel character Lord Deathstrike.
- Callaghan's Yokai identity is never spoken in the film, usually referred to as the "Guy in the Kabuki Mask", "Masked Man", or the "Man in the Mask".
- Callaghan serves as a dark parallel to Hiro: Both individuals are brilliant scientists, whom suffer a tragic loss of a loved one. This leads both Callaghan and Hiro on a dark path, driven by a lust for vengeance against those they deem responsible. However, unlike Hiro, who eventually accepts his loss and finds the strength to move on, Callaghan fails to learn the errors of his destructive ways, ultimately leading to his descent into madness and downfall. With these factors, Callaghan is an example of what Hiro would have become, if the latter had allowed his anger and despair to consume him.
- Interestingly however, both express regret for what they had done. While Hiro expressed regret for nearly dishonoring his brother's memory in trying to kill Callaghan via Baymax, the crest-fallen look on Callaghan's face at the end strongly implies that he feels remorse for all his crimes upon seeing that his plan for revenge had ultimately been for nothing, after seeing his daughter alive.
- As mentioned above, Callaghan spends most of the movie under the guise of Yokai; even after his identity is revealed. From a storytelling perspective, Yokai represents Callaghan's dark side. Whenever the man shows a hint of morality throughout the film, the mask of Yokai is off; but when he allows his bitterness and hatred to take control, the mask returns and villainy ensues. This in its own way gives Callaghan an almost split personality.
- Callaghan is notably the only villain in a Disney film to cause the permanent death of a major character without it being an actual murder, instead being an accident.
- His name may have originally been Dr. Martin Lebur according to the 2013 Rotoscopers video and early information. As Lebur, Callaghan was not a big fan of Hiro's intelligence, though this may have been changed to prevent any dead giveaways to his identity.
- Originally, during the early stages of the film's development, Yokai was the leader of a nefarious gang, having aligned himself with a legion of San Fransokyo's criminals to assist in his plot. The group of henchmen included deleted villains such as the Fujitas, Mr. Sparkles, and the Bonsai Bombers (as seen in the Art of Big Hero 6 book).
- In one of the first drafts of the script, Yokai would have been Alistair Krei, who would have become Yokai in order to create a menace to the city, so he could promote a defense project he created. He would have brainwashed and used Professor Callaghan and Tadashi, who would have survived the explosion as scape goats. This idea was scraped as the production team felt that Krei being the villain would not have enough impact on the story and would be too obvious.
- There are a number of clues that hint at the true identity of Yokai:
- Callaghan's remarks about Krei are made with underlying anger, suggesting that he has a secret vendetta against Krei's work.
- The fire at the university started immediately after Hiro's Microbot presentation, and Callaghan was the only individual to be unaccounted for.
- At the funeral following the fire that killed Tadashi, only one coffin is present, even though there are two pictures beside it, insinuating that only Callaghan's body was never found.
- Though he lacks a musical number, Yokai has a recurring, instrumental theme that plays throughout most of his scenes.
- Yokai never speaks until after his identity is revealed.
- According to Baymax's scan, his blood type is AB- and he weighs 173 pounds (78 kg). Diagnosis: Acute stress disorder, High risk of cardiovascular disease & Emotional instability.
- Because of his treatment towards his former students and Tadashi, following the Microbot theft and birth of Yokai, it is unknown as to whether or not Callaghan actually cared for the students of San Fransokyo Tech, as he expressed no remorse over his part in Tadashi's demise, nor did he show any hesitation in making multiple attempts to kill Hiro and his friends throughout the film.
- When first introduced, Callaghan is wearing a blue shirt, but when he raises his hand out for a moment to see Hiro's bot, his shirt is red.
- The red markings on Yokai's mask symbolize anger.
- Interestingly, according to Big Hero 6: The Junior Novelization, Callaghan was the last person Tadashi saw before the latter's death.
- Notably, during Hiro and Callaghan's confrontation following the reveal of Yokai's identity, Hiro states "But, Tadashi... You just let him die!" and Callaghan never denies these words, only responding by revealing he knew of Tadashi's sacrifice.
- According to character designer, Shiyoon Kim, Callaghan has a military background.
- Unusually, despite knowing how the Silent Sparrow portal works along with having witnessed the event that took her away from him, Callaghan did not consider the possibility that Abigail could be alive. Either the grief he felt may blocked this thought from entering his mind or he may have considered the possibility but he could not get the funding to rebuild the portal and by the time he did it Callaghan had lost sight of the possibility.
- In the Big Hero 6 manga version of the film, it shows a flashback of him meeting Sarah, his late wife and the mother of his daughter in the manga.
- ↑ http://blogs.disney.com/insider/2014/07/14/big-hero-6-cast-announcement/
- ↑ Disney. The Art of Big Hero 6. Chronicle Books, 2014. Print.
- ↑ Diagnosis of Callaghan's health
- ↑ Hero 6 Characters Disneyland Paris
- ↑ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9zYVrAa-J0Y/
- ↑ http://ryanlangdraws.tumblr.com/post/102651562704/more-big-hero-6-well-i-just-put-up-my-website
- ↑ https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=9zYVrAa-J0Y
- ↑ Disney. The Art of Big Hero 6. Chronicle Books, 2014. Print.